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China manufacturer Hot Forged 4140 4340 25crmo4 Shaft Forging Min Fan Spindle Centrifugal Fan Spindle a wheel and axle simple machine

Product Description

ZheJiang Qilu Industrial Co., Ltd has the capacity to guarantee the quality for every step, from raw material (forging), then heating treatment, finally machining. We have our own forging mill, heating teatment shop and machining shop. At present we could supply various of lage main shaft, turbin shaft, cylinder shaft, windy generator shaft, roller shaft, wheel forging, drill bit forging and kinds of irregular parts based on the drawing provided by customers.

Steel material for shaft and forging parts:
 

Engineering Steel  
GB
GB/T 700
JIS
JIS G3101
DIN (W-Nr.)
EN10571-2 / DIN17100
AISI/ASTM
ASTM A36
BS OTHERS
Q235B SS400 S235JR / RST37-2 A36    
Q235C   S235J0 / ST37-3 U      
Q235D   S235J2      
GB
GB/T1591
JIS DIN (W-Nr.)
EN10571-2 / DIN17100
AISI/ASTM BS OTHERS
Q355B   S355JR      
Q355C   S355J0 / ST52-3U      
Q355D   S355J2 / ST52-3 N      
Q355E   S355K2      
GB
GB/T 699
JIS
JIS G4051
DIN (W-Nr.)
EN 10083-2
AISI/ASTM
ASTM A20
BS OTHERS
      1018 EN2C  
20 S20C C20 1571 EN3B/070M20 ASTM A105
35 S35C C30 1035    
45 S45C C45E/1.1191 1045 EN8D/080M40  
50 S50C C50/1.1206 1050 080M50  
55 S55C C55 1055 EN9/070M55  
GB
GB/T 3077
JIS
JIS G4105/JIS G4103
DIN (W-Nr.)
EN 15710
AISI/ASTM
ASTM A29
BS
BS 970
OTHERS
40Cr SCr440 41Cr4(1.7035) 5140    
15CrMo SCM415 16CrMo44/1.7337      
20CrMo SCM420 18CrMo4/1.7243 4118    
30CrMo SCM430 25CrMo4/1.7218 4130 708A25/708M25  
42CrMo SCM440 42crmo4/1.7225 4140 EN19/709M40  
  SCM445   4145    
40CrNiMoA SNCM 439/SNCM8 36CrNiMo4/1.6511 4340 EN24/817M40  
    40NiMoCr10-5/1.6745   EN26/826M40  
    34CrNiMo6 / 1.6582 4337    
    30CrNiMo16-6/1.6747 4330V EN30B/835M30  
    32CrMo12/1.7361   EN40B/722M24  
16CrMnH / 20CrMnTi   16MnCr5 / 1.7131 5115    
20CrMn   20MnCr5 / 1.7147      
    15CrNi6/1.5919 3115    
    16NiCr4/1.5714   EN351/637M17  
      4615/4617 EN34/665M17  
    14NiCr14/1.5752 3310/3415 EN36/655M13  
    15NiCrMo16-5/1.6723   EN39/835M15  
17CrNiMo6   18CrNiMo7-6 (1.6587) 4815    
20CrNiMo SNCM220 1.6523/21NiCrMo2 8620 805M20  
    20CrNiMo5   EN353  
GCr15 SUJ2 52100/1.3505   EN31/535A99  
38CrMoAl SACM645 41CrAlMo7/34CrAlMo5   905M39/905M31 41CrAlMo74(ISO)

 

ZheJiang Qilu Industrial Co., Ltd  were already engaged in exporting steel for 11 years, could supply a great variety of hot forged,  hot rolled  and  cold drawn Steels ,  including engineering steel, cold work tool steel, hot work tool steel, plastic mold steel, spring steel, high speed steel, stainless steel etc., besides Qilu Industrial also has their own heating treatment shop and machining shop to provide heating treatment, cutting and further machining service.

Since 2008 year, ZheJiang Qilu Industrial has the right to export all  FORGED STEEL  behalf of Qilu Speical Steel Co.,ltd which is specialized in smelting and forging of special steel since 1965 year, now Qilu special steel is 1 of the biggest manufacturer of forged product in China.The forged products are used in Automotive, Aerospace, Power Generation, Oil & Gas, Transportation and Industrial. 

Till 2013 year, many customers need HOT ROLLED and COLD DRAWN steel from Qilu Industrial, in order to provide one-stop solution to our customers, Qilu Industrial began to cooperate with Xihu (West Lake) Dis.bei Special Steel (HangZhou and HangZhou mill), Baosteel, Tiangong International, Changcheng Special Steel for hot rolled tool steel, cooperate with HangZhou Speical Steel, HangZhou HangZhou Speical Steel, Shagang Group, CZPT Group for hot rolled engineering steel. Now we already set up the warehouse in HangZhou and HangZhou City, more than 20000 tons ex-stock could be supplied with kinds of sizes.

Then from 2018 year, Qilu Industrial decide to provide further manufacturer processing service, at present we could supply various of lage main shaft, turbin shaft, cylinder shaft, windy generator shaft, roller shaft, wheel forging, drill bit forging and kinds of irregular parts based on the drawing provided by customers.

Qilu Industrial is the professional one-stop steel manufacturer, stockist and exporter in China, our customers spread all over the world, include West Europe, North America, South America, Asia, Middle Asia, Africa, Australia, etc.

The company owns advanced special steel smelting facilities and forging processing equipments, the main steel-making equipment include 2 sets of 50t ultra-high power electric arc furnaces,2 sets of 60t LF refining furnaces,1 set of 60t vacuum degassing refining CZPT and 4 sets of 1-20t electroslag re-melting furnaces.
The main forging equipments mainly include:3 sets of 5t electro-hydraulic hammers, 1 set of high-speed forging units of 800t,1600t,2000t and 4500t respectively.

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Material: Alloy Steel
Load: Central Spindle
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Journal Diameter Dimensional Accuracy: IT6-IT9
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Shaft Shape: Stepped Shaft
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle spindle

Can a malfunctioning axle spindle lead to brake-related issues, and if so, how?

Yes, a malfunctioning axle spindle can indeed lead to brake-related issues in a vehicle. Here is a detailed explanation of how a faulty axle spindle can affect the brake system:

The axle spindle plays a crucial role in the operation of the brake system, particularly in vehicles with disc brakes. It is responsible for supporting the wheel hub and providing a mounting point for various brake components, such as the brake rotor, caliper, and brake pads. When the axle spindle malfunctions, it can have several adverse effects on the brake system, including the following:

  • Uneven Brake Pad Wear: A malfunctioning axle spindle can cause uneven distribution of braking force on the brake rotor. This uneven force can lead to uneven wear of the brake pads. Some pads may wear out faster than others, resulting in uneven braking performance and reduced effectiveness.
  • Brake Caliper Misalignment: If the axle spindle becomes bent or damaged, it can cause misalignment of the brake caliper. The caliper may not sit properly over the brake rotor, resulting in uneven braking force or even constant contact between the brake pads and rotor. This can lead to excessive heat, premature wear of brake components, and reduced braking efficiency.
  • Brake Vibration and Noise: A malfunctioning axle spindle can cause vibrations and noise during braking. For example, if the spindle is bent or warped, it can create an uneven surface for the brake rotor. As a result, when the brake pads come into contact with the rotor, it can cause vibrations, squealing, or grinding noises. These symptoms indicate a compromised braking performance and the need for axle spindle inspection and repair.
  • Wheel Bearing Damage: The axle spindle is closely connected to the wheel bearing assembly. If the spindle is damaged or improperly aligned, it can put excessive stress on the wheel bearing, leading to its premature wear or failure. A worn or damaged wheel bearing can introduce additional friction, affect wheel rotation, and potentially cause overheating of the brake components.
  • Brake Fluid Leakage: In certain cases, a malfunctioning axle spindle can result in damage to the brake lines or connections. For example, if the spindle is severely damaged due to an accident or collision, it can cause brake fluid leakage. Brake fluid leakage compromises the hydraulic pressure in the brake system, leading to reduced braking performance or a complete brake failure.

It’s important to note that the specific brake-related issues resulting from a malfunctioning axle spindle can vary depending on the extent and nature of the spindle’s malfunction. Regular inspection and maintenance of the axle spindle, along with the brake system, are essential to identify any potential issues early and prevent further damage.

If you experience any brake-related symptoms or suspect a malfunctioning axle spindle, it is crucial to have the vehicle inspected by a qualified mechanic or technician. They can assess the condition of the axle spindle, perform necessary repairs or replacements, and ensure the proper functioning of the brake system for safe driving.

In summary, a malfunctioning axle spindle can lead to various brake-related issues, including uneven brake pad wear, brake caliper misalignment, brake vibration and noise, wheel bearing damage, and brake fluid leakage. Regular inspection and maintenance of the axle spindle and brake system are essential to prevent these issues and maintain optimal braking performance.

axle spindle

Can a damaged axle spindle lead to safety concerns, and how urgent is the need for repair?

Yes, a damaged axle spindle can indeed lead to safety concerns, and the need for repair is typically urgent. The axle spindle is a critical component of a vehicle’s suspension system and is responsible for supporting the weight of the vehicle and transmitting driving forces to the wheels. Here’s why a damaged axle spindle poses safety risks and requires prompt repair:

  • 1. Steering Control: An axle spindle connects to the steering components and wheel hubs. Damage to the spindle can result in reduced steering control, making it challenging to maneuver the vehicle safely, especially in emergency situations.
  • 2. Wheel Stability: The spindle supports the vehicle’s wheels. If the spindle is damaged, it can lead to wheel instability, wobbling, or even detachment. This poses a severe risk of accidents, especially at higher speeds.
  • 3. Braking Performance: A damaged spindle can affect the alignment and performance of the braking system. This may result in uneven braking, longer stopping distances, or a loss of braking effectiveness, compromising safety during braking maneuvers.
  • 4. Suspension Integrity: The axle spindle is a key structural component of the suspension system. A damaged spindle can weaken the overall suspension integrity, potentially leading to loss of control, swaying, or erratic handling.
  • 5. Risk of Collisions: A vehicle with a damaged axle spindle may become unpredictable and pose a risk of colliding with other vehicles, obstacles, or pedestrians due to compromised stability and handling.
  • 6. Towing and Hauling Risks: For vehicles used for towing or hauling heavy loads, a damaged spindle can lead to catastrophic failures when subjected to increased stress. This can result in accidents or loss of cargo.
  • 7. Uneven Tire Wear: Axle spindle damage can cause uneven tire wear, reducing the tires’ grip and compromising traction, especially in adverse road conditions.

Given the critical role of the axle spindle in vehicle safety, any signs of damage or wear should be taken seriously, and repairs should be prioritized. Immediate inspection by a qualified mechanic is essential if you suspect spindle damage. Delaying repairs can lead to worsened safety risks, increased repair costs, and potential accidents. Regular vehicle maintenance and inspection can help detect spindle issues early and prevent safety concerns.

axle spindle

Can a DIY enthusiast replace a damaged axle spindle, and what are the steps involved?

Replacing a damaged axle spindle is a complex mechanical task that requires advanced knowledge and specialized tools. It is generally recommended to seek the assistance of a professional mechanic or technician for such a repair. However, if you have the necessary expertise, experience, and access to the appropriate tools, it may be possible for a skilled DIY enthusiast to replace a damaged axle spindle. Here are the general steps involved in replacing an axle spindle:

Note: The following steps provide a general outline of the process, but it’s important to consult the specific repair manual for your vehicle and follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

  1. Preparation: Begin by ensuring that you have the correct replacement axle spindle that matches the specifications of your vehicle. Gather all the necessary tools and equipment required for the job, including a hydraulic jack, jack stands, socket set, wrenches, pry bar, torque wrench, and any specialized tools mentioned in the repair manual.
  2. Vehicle Preparation: Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake. If the axle spindle to be replaced is on the front axle, turn the steering wheel to the straight-ahead position. If it’s on the rear axle, chock the front wheels to prevent the vehicle from rolling.
  3. Suspension Disassembly: Depending on the vehicle’s design, you may need to remove certain components to access the axle spindle. This can include removing the wheel, brake caliper, brake rotor or drum, tie rod ends, ball joints, axle shafts, and any other components obstructing the spindle’s removal. Follow the repair manual instructions for proper disassembly.
  4. Axle Spindle Removal: Once the suspension components are removed, you can proceed with removing the damaged axle spindle. This typically involves disconnecting any remaining attachments, such as mounting bolts or fasteners, and carefully maneuvering the spindle out of its housing. Take care not to damage surrounding components or disturb other parts of the suspension system.
  5. Axle Spindle Installation: Install the replacement axle spindle by following the reverse order of the removal steps. Carefully position the spindle back into its housing, ensuring proper alignment. Reattach any fasteners or mounting bolts according to the specified torque values. Take care to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for any specific procedures or considerations during installation.
  6. Suspension Reassembly: Reinstall all the components that were removed during the disassembly process, including brake calipers, rotors or drums, tie rod ends, ball joints, axle shafts, and any other relevant parts. Ensure that all connections are secure and torqued to the specified values.
  7. Final Checks: Double-check all the connections, fasteners, and components to ensure everything is properly reassembled. Confirm that the axle spindle is securely in place and aligned correctly. Before lowering the vehicle, perform a thorough inspection of the suspension system to ensure there are no loose or forgotten components.
  8. Testing and Alignment: Once the replacement axle spindle is installed, it’s important to have the vehicle’s alignment checked and adjusted by a professional. Improper alignment can lead to uneven tire wear, handling issues, and compromised safety. Schedule a visit to an alignment specialist to ensure the vehicle’s alignment is within the recommended specifications.

It’s crucial to note that replacing an axle spindle involves working with critical components of the vehicle’s suspension and steering systems. Misinstallation or improper assembly can lead to severe safety risks and further damage to the vehicle. If you are unsure or lack the experience and expertise, it is strongly recommended to entrust the task to a qualified professional mechanic or technician.

In summary, while a skilled DIY enthusiast may be able to replace a damaged axle spindle, it is a complex task that requires advanced knowledge, experience, and specialized tools. It’s important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions, consult the repair manual for your specific vehicle, and exercise caution throughout the process. If in doubt, it’s best to seek professional assistance to ensure the job is done safely and correctly.

China manufacturer Hot Forged 4140 4340 25crmo4 Shaft Forging Min Fan Spindle Centrifugal Fan Spindle   a wheel and axle simple machineChina manufacturer Hot Forged 4140 4340 25crmo4 Shaft Forging Min Fan Spindle Centrifugal Fan Spindle   a wheel and axle simple machine
editor by CX 2024-02-15

China OEM High Standard Rotating Spindle Wind Power Spindle Machine Tool Spindle Primary Drive Spindle Motor Spindle Milling Machine Spindle axle assembly

Product Description

Wind power spindle

Product Description

 

Product Name Wind power spindle
Design Can be at the customer’ request, tailor-made, at customer’s design
Advantage ZJD can provide the wind power spindle according to customers technical specifications.

 

    Our Advantages

    Application

      

     

    Product Display

    Company Profile

    ZJD is located in Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Economic Development Zone, Xihu (West Lake) Dis. District, HangZhou, ZheJiang , which has very good transportation convenience and location advantages.ZJD own 1 subsidiary, which is located in HangZhou city, ZheJiang province, which is mainly responsible for EMU accessories for CRRC’s factory nearby.
    ZJD’s production and office space is more than 12,000 square meters, and more than 60 sets of various types of CNC machining and quality control equipment.ZJD’s main products are widely used in CRRC CR400, CR300, CR200 series standard EMUs, and expanded to subways, export passenger cars and EMUs and other products.
    ZJD has more than 60 employees and more than 20 technical management personnel. The technical management team has many years of working experience in the rail transit industry. 

    Certifications

    ZJD has obtained the national high-tech enterprise certification, 6 types of products have passed the high-tech certification, and related products have obtained more than 20 patents. 
    ZJD has established a comprehensive quality management system and has got ISO9001 quality management system certification, ISO/TS 22163 (IRIS) international railway industry standard certification, EN15085-2 railway vehicles welding system certification, and CRRC product supply service qualification certification. 

    FAQ

    1. Who are we?

    HangZhou ZJD Rail Equipment Co.,Ltd. was established in 2012, which is a professional manufacturer of rail equipment and accessories.

    2. Are you a reliable supplier?
    ZJD-Excellent Manufacturer focusing on the rolling stock industry
    Provide full-process Design, Production, Testing and Service according to customer requirements.

    3.What can you buy from us?
    We have designed and supplied a series of products such an air duct systems, piping systerms, pneumatic control units,etc.The product are used in various fields such an EMUs,subways,locomotives,wagon engineering vehicles,etc. 

    4. What services can we provide?
    Provide customized services of heavy industry products for special requirements.
    Provide diversified parts and trade services such as port machinery, steel heavy industry, mining machinery, etc.
    Provide customized products for new energy equipment
    Provide key process technology solutions for special parts in the field of new energy equipment.

     

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    Material: Carbon Steel
    Load: Revolution Axis
    Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
    Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
    Shaft Shape: Real Axis
    Appearance Shape: Round
    Customization:
    Available

    |

    Customized Request

    axle spindle

    Are there specific tools required for removing and installing an axle spindle assembly?

    Yes, removing and installing an axle spindle assembly typically requires specific tools to ensure the task is performed correctly and efficiently. Here’s a detailed explanation of some of the tools commonly used for this job:

    • Hydraulic Jack and Jack Stands: These tools are used to safely lift and support the vehicle off the ground, providing access to the axle spindle assembly. A hydraulic jack is used to raise the vehicle, while jack stands are placed under the chassis to secure it at the desired height.
    • Socket Set and Wrenches: A socket set with various socket sizes and wrenches is essential for loosening and tightening the fasteners that secure the axle spindle assembly and its associated components. These tools enable you to remove nuts, bolts, and other fasteners during disassembly and reinstall them during assembly.
    • Pry Bar or Ball Joint Separator: A pry bar or a ball joint separator may be needed to separate ball joints, tie rod ends, or other connections that are attached to the axle spindle. These tools help to release the components without damaging them or the spindle assembly.
    • Torque Wrench: To ensure proper torque specifications are met during assembly, a torque wrench is essential. It allows you to apply the correct amount of torque to the fasteners, ensuring they are neither too loose nor too tight. Over- or under-tightening can lead to component failure or damage.
    • Axle Nut Socket: In some cases, a specialized socket known as an axle nut socket is required to remove and install the axle nut that secures the axle shaft to the wheel hub. This socket is designed to fit the specific size and shape of the axle nut, allowing for proper engagement and torque application.
    • Bearing Puller or Press: Depending on the design of the wheel bearing assembly, a bearing puller or press may be necessary to remove the old bearing from the axle spindle or to install a new bearing. These tools ensure controlled and precise removal or installation of the bearing, minimizing the risk of damage to the spindle or the new bearing.
    • Brake Tools: If the axle spindle is associated with the brake system, you may need specific brake tools such as a caliper piston tool, brake pad spreader, or brake bleeder kit to properly disassemble and reassemble the brake components during the axle spindle replacement.
    • Shop Manual or Repair Guide: While not a physical tool, having access to the vehicle’s shop manual or a reliable repair guide is crucial. These resources provide step-by-step instructions, torque specifications, and other essential information specific to your vehicle make, model, and year.

    It’s important to note that the specific tools required for removing and installing an axle spindle assembly can vary depending on the vehicle’s make, model, and design. Additionally, certain specialized tools may be needed for specific axle spindle configurations or unique components associated with the assembly.

    Before attempting to replace an axle spindle assembly, it’s strongly recommended to consult the vehicle’s shop manual or a trusted repair guide to identify the specific tools required and to understand the proper procedures for your particular vehicle. If you lack the necessary tools or experience, it is advisable to seek assistance from a professional mechanic or technician who has the expertise and appropriate tools for the job.

    In summary, specific tools are typically required for removing and installing an axle spindle assembly. These tools include a hydraulic jack, jack stands, socket set, wrenches, pry bar, torque wrench, axle nut socket, bearing puller or press, brake tools (if applicable), and access to a shop manual or repair guide. Utilizing the correct tools ensures that the job is performed safely and accurately.

    axle spindle

    Where can I find reputable suppliers for purchasing replacement axle spindle parts?

    Finding reputable suppliers for purchasing replacement axle spindle parts is crucial to ensure the quality, compatibility, and reliability of the parts you acquire. Here are several reliable sources where you can find reputable suppliers:

    • Authorized Dealerships: Contacting authorized dealerships of the vehicle manufacturer is often a reliable option. They have direct access to genuine replacement parts, including axle spindles, that are specifically designed for your vehicle make and model. Authorized dealerships can ensure the authenticity and quality of the parts they provide.
    • Specialized Automotive Parts Retailers: There are reputable retailers specializing in automotive parts and accessories. These retailers may have a wide selection of replacement axle spindle parts from various manufacturers. Look for well-established retailers with a good reputation, positive customer reviews, and a track record of providing high-quality products.
    • Online Marketplaces: Online marketplaces can offer a convenient way to find and purchase replacement axle spindle parts. Platforms such as Amazon, eBay, or specialized automotive marketplaces provide access to a broad range of suppliers and sellers. When using online marketplaces, pay attention to seller ratings, customer reviews, and product descriptions to ensure you are dealing with reputable sellers and purchasing genuine parts.
    • Manufacturer Websites: Visit the official websites of axle spindle manufacturers. Many manufacturers have online catalogs or directories that allow you to search for authorized distributors or dealers in your region. Purchasing directly from the manufacturer or their authorized distributors can ensure the authenticity and quality of the parts.
    • Local Auto Parts Stores: Local auto parts stores can be a convenient option for purchasing replacement axle spindle parts. Well-established stores with knowledgeable staff can assist you in finding the right parts, provide guidance on compatibility, and ensure you are purchasing from reputable suppliers. Some local stores may have access to a network of suppliers, making it easier to find specific parts.
    • Recommendations and Referrals: Reach out to trusted mechanics, automotive enthusiasts, or fellow vehicle owners for recommendations on reputable suppliers. They may have firsthand experience with certain suppliers or brands and can provide valuable insights on where to find reliable replacement axle spindle parts.

    When sourcing axle spindle parts, it is important to consider factors such as the reputation of the supplier, the authenticity of the parts, warranty policies, return or exchange options, and customer support. Additionally, verify the compatibility of the parts with your specific vehicle make, model, and year to ensure a proper fit and optimal performance.

    By utilizing these reliable sources and conducting due diligence in selecting reputable suppliers, you can increase the likelihood of finding high-quality replacement axle spindle parts for your vehicle.

    axle spindle

    What is the primary role of the axle spindle in a vehicle’s suspension system?

    The primary role of the axle spindle in a vehicle’s suspension system is to support and facilitate the rotation of the wheel assembly. Here’s a detailed explanation:

    The axle spindle, also known as the wheel spindle or stub axle, is a component of the suspension system that connects the wheel hub assembly to the suspension system. It plays a crucial role in supporting the weight of the vehicle, transmitting driving forces, and allowing the wheel assembly to rotate smoothly.

    Here are the primary functions and roles of the axle spindle:

    • Wheel Mounting: The axle spindle provides a mounting point for the wheel hub assembly. It typically extends from the steering knuckle or axle beam and incorporates a flange or hub surface where the wheel is mounted. The spindle ensures proper alignment and secure attachment of the wheel to the suspension system.
    • Load Support: One of the main responsibilities of the axle spindle is to support the weight of the vehicle and any additional loads. It transfers the vertical load from the wheel assembly to the suspension system and ultimately to the vehicle chassis. The spindle should be designed to withstand the weight and forces encountered during normal driving conditions.
    • Wheel Rotation: The axle spindle allows the wheel assembly to rotate freely. It acts as an axle or pivot point around which the wheel rotates when the vehicle is in motion. The spindle is typically designed with a smooth, cylindrical shape that fits into the wheel bearings, allowing for low-friction rotation.
    • Steering Function: In some suspension systems, particularly those with steering knuckles, the axle spindle also plays a role in the steering function. It connects to the steering linkage or tie rods, allowing for the controlled movement of the wheel assembly during steering maneuvers. The spindle’s design and attachment points should facilitate the proper functioning of the steering system.
    • Transmission of Forces: The axle spindle transmits driving and braking forces from the wheel assembly to the suspension system. These forces include torque from the engine during acceleration and braking forces when the brakes are applied. The spindle should be able to handle these forces without failure or excessive deflection.

    It’s important to note that the design and construction of axle spindles can vary depending on the specific suspension system used in a vehicle. Different suspension types, such as independent suspension or solid axle suspension, may have variations in spindle design and attachment methods. Additionally, the axle spindle must be properly lubricated and maintained to ensure smooth operation and longevity.

    In summary, the primary role of the axle spindle in a vehicle’s suspension system is to support and facilitate the rotation of the wheel assembly. It provides a mounting point for the wheel hub assembly, supports the vehicle’s weight, allows for wheel rotation, contributes to the steering function, and transmits driving forces. The design and construction of the axle spindle may vary depending on the suspension system used in the vehicle.

    China OEM High Standard Rotating Spindle Wind Power Spindle Machine Tool Spindle Primary Drive Spindle Motor Spindle Milling Machine Spindle   axle assemblyChina OEM High Standard Rotating Spindle Wind Power Spindle Machine Tool Spindle Primary Drive Spindle Motor Spindle Milling Machine Spindle   axle assembly
    editor by CX 2024-02-13

    China factory Gjf Right Drive Shafts Joint Driving Car for Chevrolet Cruze 1.5 Verano 1.5at Model C-C-GM130-8h Car Axle a wheel and axle simple machine

    Product Description

     

    Product Description

    1.We are manufacturer of cv drive shaft,cv  axle, cv joint and cv boot, we have more than 20-years experience in producing and selling auto parts.
    2.We have strict quality control, the quality of our products is very good.
    3.We are professional in different market around the world.
    4.The reviews our customers given us are very positive, we have confidence in our products.
    5.OEM/ODM is available, meet your requirements well.
    6.Large warehouse, huge stocks!!! friendly for those customers who want some quantity.
    7.Ship products out very fastly, we have stock.

    Product Name  Drive shaft Material  42CrMo alloy steel
    Car fitment 

    Chevrolet 

    Warranty  12 months 
    Model  Cruze 1.5 Verano 1.5 Place of origin  ZHangZhoug, China
    year  2007-2011 MOQ 4 PCS
    OE number  C-GM130-8H Delivery time  1-7 days 
    OEM/ODM Yes Brand  GJF
    Packing size  72*23.5*23.5 Payment  L/C,T/T,western Union,Cash,PayPal 
    Sample service  Depends on the situation of stock  Weight  8.2088KG

    Detailed Photos

     

    Customer Review

     

    Packaging & Shipping

     

     

    FAQ

     

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    After-sales Service: 12 Months
    Condition: New
    Axle Number: 1
    Application: Car
    Certification: ASTM, CE, DIN, ISO
    Material: Alloy
    Samples:
    US$ 32/Piece
    1 Piece(Min.Order)

    |
    Request Sample

    Customization:
    Available

    |

    Customized Request

    axle

    Are there guidelines for choosing the right axle for towing heavy loads?

    When it comes to towing heavy loads, selecting the appropriate axle is crucial for ensuring safe and efficient towing performance. While the specific guidelines may vary depending on the vehicle and towing requirements, there are general considerations to keep in mind when choosing the right axle. Here’s a detailed explanation of the guidelines for selecting the right axle for towing heavy loads:

    Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR):

    One of the primary factors to consider is the Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) provided by the vehicle manufacturer. The GAWR specifies the maximum weight that an axle is designed to support safely. It is essential to ensure that the selected axle’s GAWR is sufficient to handle the anticipated weight of the loaded trailer and any additional cargo or passengers in the towing vehicle. Exceeding the GAWR can lead to axle failure, compromised handling, and safety risks.

    Towing Capacity:

    Check the towing capacity of your vehicle, which represents the maximum weight that the vehicle is rated to tow. The axle’s capacity should align with the towing capacity to ensure safe and efficient towing. Consider the type and size of the trailer you intend to tow, including its loaded weight, tongue weight, and any weight distribution considerations. The axle should be capable of handling the anticipated load without exceeding its capacity.

    Matching Axle and Suspension:

    The axle and suspension system work together to support the weight of the vehicle and the trailer being towed. It is important to ensure that the axle and suspension are properly matched to provide adequate support and stability. Consider the type of suspension (leaf springs, coil springs, air suspension) and the axle’s design (solid axle, independent suspension) to ensure compatibility and optimal towing performance.

    Braking System:

    When towing heavy loads, the braking system plays a critical role in maintaining control and safety. Ensure that the axle is equipped with appropriate brakes that can handle the increased load. Consider the type of brakes, such as electric brakes or hydraulic brakes, and their capacity to provide sufficient stopping power for the combined weight of the towing vehicle and trailer.

    Weight Distribution:

    Proper weight distribution is essential for safe towing. The axle should be selected based on the anticipated weight distribution between the towing vehicle and the trailer. Consider factors like tongue weight and the use of weight distribution hitches or sway control devices to ensure balanced weight distribution and optimal handling characteristics.

    Consult Manufacturer Recommendations:

    Always refer to the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations, specifications, and guidelines when selecting an axle for towing heavy loads. The manufacturer’s guidelines will provide accurate and vehicle-specific information to help you make the right choice. Consult the owner’s manual or contact the manufacturer directly for any specific towing-related recommendations.

    It’s important to note that towing requirements and axle specifications can vary depending on the vehicle make and model, as well as regional regulations. It is advisable to consult with automotive experts, such as mechanics or dealerships, who have expertise in towing and can provide specific recommendations based on your vehicle and towing needs.

    axle

    Can you provide insights into the advancements in axle technology in recent years?

    In recent years, there have been significant advancements in axle technology to enhance performance, efficiency, and safety in vehicles. Here are some insights into the key advancements:

    1. Lightweight Materials:
    2. One notable advancement is the use of lightweight materials in axle construction. Manufacturers have increasingly utilized materials such as aluminum alloys and high-strength steels to reduce the weight of axles without compromising strength and durability. Lighter axles contribute to improved fuel efficiency and overall vehicle performance.

    3. Electronic Differential:
    4. Electronic differentials, also known as eDiffs, have gained popularity in recent years. They utilize sensors, actuators, and control algorithms to monitor and distribute torque between the wheels more efficiently. Electronic differentials enhance traction, stability, and handling by actively managing torque distribution, especially in vehicles equipped with advanced stability control systems.

    5. Advanced Axle Bearings:
    6. Axle bearings have seen advancements in design and materials to reduce friction, improve efficiency, and enhance durability. For example, the use of roller bearings or tapered roller bearings has become more prevalent, offering reduced frictional losses and improved load-carrying capacity. Some manufacturers have also introduced sealed or maintenance-free bearings to minimize maintenance requirements.

    7. Electric Axles:
    8. With the rise of electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid vehicles, electric axles have emerged as a significant technological advancement. Electric axles integrate electric motors, power electronics, and gear systems into the axle assembly. They eliminate the need for traditional drivetrain components, simplify vehicle packaging, and offer benefits such as instant torque, regenerative braking, and improved energy efficiency.

    9. Active Suspension Integration:
    10. Advancements in axle technology have facilitated the integration of active suspension systems into axle designs. Active suspension systems use sensors, actuators, and control algorithms to adjust the suspension characteristics in real-time, providing improved ride comfort, handling, and stability. Axles with integrated active suspension components offer more precise control over vehicle dynamics.

    11. Improved Sealing and Lubrication:
    12. Axles have seen advancements in sealing and lubrication technologies to enhance durability and minimize maintenance requirements. Improved sealing systems help prevent contamination and retain lubricants, reducing the risk of premature wear or damage. Enhanced lubrication systems with better heat dissipation and reduced frictional losses contribute to improved efficiency and longevity.

    13. Autonomous Vehicle Integration:
    14. The development of autonomous vehicles has spurred advancements in axle technology. Axles are being designed to accommodate the integration of sensors, actuators, and communication systems necessary for autonomous driving. These advancements enable seamless integration with advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) and autonomous driving features, ensuring optimal performance and safety.

    It’s important to note that the specific advancements in axle technology can vary across different vehicle manufacturers and models. Furthermore, ongoing research and development efforts continue to drive further innovations in axle design, materials, and functionalities.

    For the most up-to-date and detailed information on axle technology advancements, it is advisable to consult automotive manufacturers, industry publications, and reputable sources specializing in automotive technology.

    axle

    How do solid axles differ from independent axles in terms of performance?

    When comparing solid axles and independent axles in terms of performance, there are several key differences to consider. Both types of axles have their advantages and disadvantages, and their suitability depends on the specific application and desired performance characteristics. Here’s a comparison of solid axles and independent axles:

    Aspect Solid Axles Independent Axles
    Load-Bearing Capability Solid axles have high load-bearing capability due to their robust and sturdy construction. They can handle heavy loads and provide excellent stability, making them suitable for off-road vehicles, heavy-duty trucks, and towing applications. Independent axles typically have lower load-bearing capability compared to solid axles. They are designed for lighter loads and offer improved ride comfort and handling characteristics. They are commonly used in passenger cars, sports cars, and vehicles with a focus on maneuverability and road performance.
    Wheel Articulation Solid axles have limited wheel articulation due to their connected and rigid design. This can result in reduced traction and compromised wheel contact with the ground on uneven terrain. However, solid axles provide excellent traction in situations where the weight distribution on all wheels needs to be maintained, such as in off-road or rock-crawling applications. Independent axles offer greater wheel articulation as each wheel can move independently of the others. This allows the wheels to better conform to uneven terrain, maximizing traction and maintaining contact with the ground. Independent axles provide improved off-road capability, enhanced handling, and better ride comfort.
    Ride Comfort Due to their rigid design, solid axles generally provide a stiffer and less compliant ride compared to independent axles. They transmit more road shocks and vibrations to the vehicle’s occupants, resulting in a rougher ride quality. Independent axles are known for providing better ride comfort. Each wheel can react independently to road imperfections, absorbing shocks and vibrations more effectively. This leads to a smoother and more comfortable ride, particularly on paved roads and surfaces with minor irregularities.
    Handling and Stability Solid axles offer excellent stability due to their connected nature. They provide better resistance to lateral forces, making them suitable for high-speed stability and towing applications. However, the rigid axle design can limit overall handling and maneuverability, particularly in tight corners or during quick direction changes. Independent axles generally offer improved handling and maneuverability. Each wheel can react independently to steering inputs, allowing for better cornering performance and agility. Independent axles are commonly found in vehicles where precise handling and responsive steering are desired, such as sports cars and performance-oriented vehicles.
    Maintenance and Repair Solid axles are relatively simpler in design and have fewer moving parts, making them easier to maintain and repair. They are often more resistant to damage and require less frequent servicing. However, if a component within the axle assembly fails, the entire axle may need to be replaced. Independent axles are typically more complex in design and have multiple moving parts, such as control arms, CV joints, or bearings. This complexity can result in higher maintenance and repair costs. However, if a failure occurs, only the affected component needs to be replaced, reducing repair expenses compared to replacing the entire axle.

    It’s important to note that advancements in suspension and axle technologies have resulted in various hybrid systems that combine features of solid and independent axles. These systems aim to provide a balance between load-bearing capability, wheel articulation, ride comfort, and handling performance based on specific application requirements.

    In summary, solid axles excel in load-bearing capability, stability, and durability, making them suitable for heavy-duty applications and off-road conditions. Independent axles offer improved ride comfort, better wheel articulation, enhanced handling, and maneuverability, making them suitable for passenger cars and vehicles focused on road performance. The choice between solid axles and independent axles depends on the specific needs and priorities of the vehicle or machinery.

    China factory Gjf Right Drive Shafts Joint Driving Car for Chevrolet Cruze 1.5 Verano 1.5at Model C-C-GM130-8h Car Axle   a wheel and axle simple machineChina factory Gjf Right Drive Shafts Joint Driving Car for Chevrolet Cruze 1.5 Verano 1.5at Model C-C-GM130-8h Car Axle   a wheel and axle simple machine
    editor by CX 2024-02-12

    China Good quality High Performance Rotating Spindle Wind Power Spindle Machine Tool Spindle Primary Drive Spindle Motor Spindle Milling Machine Spindle a wheel and axle

    Product Description

    Wind power spindle

    Product Description

     

    Product Name Wind power spindle
    Design Can be at the customer’ request, tailor-made, at customer’s design
    Advantage ZJD can provide the wind power spindle according to customers technical specifications.

     

      Our Advantages

      Application

        

       

      Product Display

      Company Profile

      ZJD is located in Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Economic Development Zone, Xihu (West Lake) Dis. District, HangZhou, ZheJiang , which has very good transportation convenience and location advantages.ZJD own 1 subsidiary, which is located in HangZhou city, ZheJiang province, which is mainly responsible for EMU accessories for CRRC’s factory nearby.
      ZJD’s production and office space is more than 12,000 square meters, and more than 60 sets of various types of CNC machining and quality control equipment.ZJD’s main products are widely used in CRRC CR400, CR300, CR200 series standard EMUs, and expanded to subways, export passenger cars and EMUs and other products.
      ZJD has more than 60 employees and more than 20 technical management personnel. The technical management team has many years of working experience in the rail transit industry. 

      Certifications

      ZJD has obtained the national high-tech enterprise certification, 6 types of products have passed the high-tech certification, and related products have obtained more than 20 patents. 
      ZJD has established a comprehensive quality management system and has got ISO9001 quality management system certification, ISO/TS 22163 (IRIS) international railway industry standard certification, EN15085-2 railway vehicles welding system certification, and CRRC product supply service qualification certification. 

      FAQ

      1. Who are we?

      HangZhou ZJD Rail Equipment Co.,Ltd. was established in 2012, which is a professional manufacturer of rail equipment and accessories.

      2. Are you a reliable supplier?
      ZJD-Excellent Manufacturer focusing on the rolling stock industry
      Provide full-process Design, Production, Testing and Service according to customer requirements.

      3.What can you buy from us?
      We have designed and supplied a series of products such an air duct systems, piping systerms, pneumatic control units,etc.The product are used in various fields such an EMUs,subways,locomotives,wagon engineering vehicles,etc. 

      4. What services can we provide?
      Provide customized services of heavy industry products for special requirements.
      Provide diversified parts and trade services such as port machinery, steel heavy industry, mining machinery, etc.
      Provide customized products for new energy equipment
      Provide key process technology solutions for special parts in the field of new energy equipment.

       

        /* March 10, 2571 17:59:20 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

      Material: Carbon Steel
      Load: Revolution Axis
      Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
      Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
      Shaft Shape: Real Axis
      Appearance Shape: Round
      Customization:
      Available

      |

      Customized Request

      axle spindle

      What is the relationship between the axle spindle and the wheel bearing in a vehicle?

      In a vehicle, the axle spindle and the wheel bearing are two interconnected components that work together to allow the wheel to rotate smoothly and support the vehicle’s weight. Here’s a detailed explanation of their relationship:

      The axle spindle is a key part of the vehicle’s suspension system, specifically in the axle assembly. It is a shaft-like component that protrudes from the axle housing and provides support for the wheel assembly. The spindle is typically located at the center of the wheel hub and serves as a mounting point for various components, including the wheel bearing.

      The wheel bearing, on the other hand, is a set of precision-engineered bearings that are usually housed within a hub assembly. It is responsible for reducing friction and facilitating the smooth rotation of the wheel. The wheel bearing allows the wheel to spin freely while supporting the weight of the vehicle and enduring the forces generated during acceleration, braking, and cornering.

      The relationship between the axle spindle and the wheel bearing is one of integration and mutual dependency. The axle spindle provides the structural support and attachment point for the wheel bearing assembly. The wheel bearing, in turn, enables the wheel to rotate with minimal friction and provides load-bearing capability.

      When the vehicle is in motion, the axle spindle transfers the weight of the vehicle and the forces generated by the road surface to the wheel bearing. The wheel bearing, with its lubricated bearings and races, allows the wheel to rotate smoothly and evenly distribute the applied forces. This relationship ensures that the wheel assembly operates effectively, providing stability, control, and a comfortable ride.

      Over time, the wheel bearing may experience wear and tear due to continuous use, exposure to contaminants, or lack of proper maintenance. When a wheel bearing becomes worn or damaged, it can lead to various symptoms such as excessive noise, vibration, uneven tire wear, or even wheel detachment. In such cases, it is necessary to replace the wheel bearing assembly, which often involves disassembling the axle spindle to access and replace the bearing.

      It’s important to note that the specific design and configuration of the axle spindle and wheel bearing can vary between different vehicle models and manufacturers. Some vehicles may have integrated wheel bearing and hub assemblies, while others may have separate components that are assembled onto the spindle. It is recommended to consult the vehicle’s repair manual or seek professional assistance for specific instructions and procedures related to your vehicle.

      In summary, the axle spindle and the wheel bearing have a close relationship in a vehicle’s suspension system. The axle spindle provides structural support and serves as the mounting point for the wheel bearing assembly. The wheel bearing, in turn, allows the wheel to rotate smoothly, supports the vehicle’s weight, and helps absorb the forces generated during driving. Understanding this relationship is important for proper maintenance, repair, and replacement of the wheel bearing assembly.

      axle spindle

      How often should axle spindles be inspected as part of routine vehicle maintenance?

      Inspecting axle spindles as part of routine vehicle maintenance is crucial for ensuring their continued performance, safety, and longevity. The frequency of axle spindle inspections can vary depending on several factors, including the vehicle type, driving conditions, and manufacturer recommendations. Here are some general guidelines:

      • Manufacturer Recommendations: Refer to the vehicle’s owner’s manual or the manufacturer’s maintenance schedule for specific guidelines on axle spindle inspections. Manufacturers often provide recommended inspection intervals based on mileage or time, such as every 30,000 miles or every 2 years. Following the manufacturer’s recommendations ensures that you adhere to their specified maintenance intervals.
      • Driving Conditions: Consider the driving conditions in which your vehicle operates. If you frequently drive in severe conditions such as off-road, dusty, or high-temperature environments, the axle spindles may require more frequent inspections. These conditions can contribute to accelerated wear or potential damage to the spindles, making more frequent inspections necessary to detect any issues early on.
      • Visual Inspections: Perform visual inspections of the axle spindles regularly, especially during routine tire maintenance or brake inspections. Look for signs of damage, such as cracks, corrosion, or bent spindles. Pay attention to any unusual noise, vibration, or steering irregularities, as they can indicate potential issues with the spindles. If any abnormalities are observed, a more thorough inspection or professional evaluation should be conducted.
      • Service Intervals: Take advantage of regular service intervals, such as oil changes or tire rotations, to have a qualified mechanic inspect the axle spindles. They can assess the condition of the spindles, check for proper lubrication, and identify any signs of wear or damage. The mechanic can recommend specific inspection intervals based on their expertise and the vehicle’s condition.
      • Preventive Maintenance: In addition to regular inspections, consider incorporating preventive maintenance practices for your vehicle. This can include proactive measures such as applying protective coatings to the spindles, ensuring proper wheel alignment, and maintaining appropriate tire pressures. These actions can contribute to the longevity and optimal performance of the axle spindles.

      It is important to note that the guidelines provided are general recommendations, and specific vehicle models or manufacturers may have different requirements. Therefore, always consult the vehicle’s owner’s manual or seek advice from a qualified mechanic or authorized dealership to determine the appropriate inspection frequency for the axle spindles in your vehicle.

      Regular inspections of the axle spindles as part of routine vehicle maintenance help identify potential issues early, prevent further damage, and maintain the overall safety and reliability of the vehicle.

      axle spindle

      What is the primary role of the axle spindle in a vehicle’s suspension system?

      The primary role of the axle spindle in a vehicle’s suspension system is to support and facilitate the rotation of the wheel assembly. Here’s a detailed explanation:

      The axle spindle, also known as the wheel spindle or stub axle, is a component of the suspension system that connects the wheel hub assembly to the suspension system. It plays a crucial role in supporting the weight of the vehicle, transmitting driving forces, and allowing the wheel assembly to rotate smoothly.

      Here are the primary functions and roles of the axle spindle:

      • Wheel Mounting: The axle spindle provides a mounting point for the wheel hub assembly. It typically extends from the steering knuckle or axle beam and incorporates a flange or hub surface where the wheel is mounted. The spindle ensures proper alignment and secure attachment of the wheel to the suspension system.
      • Load Support: One of the main responsibilities of the axle spindle is to support the weight of the vehicle and any additional loads. It transfers the vertical load from the wheel assembly to the suspension system and ultimately to the vehicle chassis. The spindle should be designed to withstand the weight and forces encountered during normal driving conditions.
      • Wheel Rotation: The axle spindle allows the wheel assembly to rotate freely. It acts as an axle or pivot point around which the wheel rotates when the vehicle is in motion. The spindle is typically designed with a smooth, cylindrical shape that fits into the wheel bearings, allowing for low-friction rotation.
      • Steering Function: In some suspension systems, particularly those with steering knuckles, the axle spindle also plays a role in the steering function. It connects to the steering linkage or tie rods, allowing for the controlled movement of the wheel assembly during steering maneuvers. The spindle’s design and attachment points should facilitate the proper functioning of the steering system.
      • Transmission of Forces: The axle spindle transmits driving and braking forces from the wheel assembly to the suspension system. These forces include torque from the engine during acceleration and braking forces when the brakes are applied. The spindle should be able to handle these forces without failure or excessive deflection.

      It’s important to note that the design and construction of axle spindles can vary depending on the specific suspension system used in a vehicle. Different suspension types, such as independent suspension or solid axle suspension, may have variations in spindle design and attachment methods. Additionally, the axle spindle must be properly lubricated and maintained to ensure smooth operation and longevity.

      In summary, the primary role of the axle spindle in a vehicle’s suspension system is to support and facilitate the rotation of the wheel assembly. It provides a mounting point for the wheel hub assembly, supports the vehicle’s weight, allows for wheel rotation, contributes to the steering function, and transmits driving forces. The design and construction of the axle spindle may vary depending on the suspension system used in the vehicle.

      China Good quality High Performance Rotating Spindle Wind Power Spindle Machine Tool Spindle Primary Drive Spindle Motor Spindle Milling Machine Spindle   a wheel and axleChina Good quality High Performance Rotating Spindle Wind Power Spindle Machine Tool Spindle Primary Drive Spindle Motor Spindle Milling Machine Spindle   a wheel and axle
      editor by CX 2024-02-10

      China Standard Trailer Part 16 Tons Trailer Axle Rear Axle Germany BPW American Type Axle Trailer Parts Series Type Axle a wheel and axle simple machine

      Product Description

      18Ton 1850MM German Type Square Beam Rear Semi Trailer Axles for Sale

      Product Parameters

       

       

      Axle Type

       

      Max  

      Capacity

      (T)

      L2

      Track

      (mm)

       Brake ( mm )

       

      Bearing

      Spring Seat

      Installation

       

      Axle

       

      L4Centre Distanceof Brake Chamber

      ( mm)

       

      JS12FA1347D

      12

      1840

      φ420x 180

      33118

      33213

      ≥980

      150

      423

      JS13FA1348D

      13

      1840

      φ 420x 200

      33118

      33213

       

      ≥900

      150

      360

      JS14FA1348D

      14

      1840

      φ 420x 200

      32219

      33215

      ≥900

      150

      356

      JS16FA1348D

      16

      1850

      φ 420x 200

      322222

      32314

      ≥900

      150

      360

      JS18FA1348D

      18

      1850

      Φ420x 200

      322222

      32314

      ≥900

      150

      380

      Wheel Fixing

       

      Total Length ( mm )

       

      Recommended

      Wheel

       

      Weigth(Kg)

       

      Stud

       

      PCD(mm)

      H(mm)

      10-M22x 1.5ISO

      335

      280.8

      ~ 2144

      7.5v-20

      360

      10-M22x 1.5ISO

      335

      280.8

      ~ 2144

      7.5v-20

      382

      10-M22x 1.5ISO

      335

      280.8

      ~ 2198

      8.0v-20

      406

      10-M22x 1.5ISO

      335

      280.8

      ~ 2265

      8.5v-20

      440

      10-M22x 1.5ISO

      335

      280.8

      ~ 2265

      8.5v-20

      443

      Detailed Photos

       

       

      Application

       

       

      Company Profile

       

      ZheJiang CZPT Axle Manufacturing Co., Ltd., founded in 2000, is a professional manufacturer of trailer axle assemblies, semi-trailer suspension systems and correlative fittings in China. We are located in Quanpu Industry Zone which is the largest production base of trailers in China, in Xihu (West Lake) Dis., the famous scenic spot. We are 1 of specialized enterprises in the scientific research, design, production and sale, with more than 300 skilled employees and professional designers for different areas. We adopt the domestic and international technical standards in production, accurately grasp the information of the market demand and make quick and optimal designs. In this way, our axle, suspension and other fittings have the world-class technical quality through reasonable and advanced manufacture technologies. Our advanced processing technology, first-class production line and precision CNC machining equipment from home and abroad ensure the good quality of our semi-trailer axle assemblies, suspension systems and other correlative fittings. At the same time, our annual capacity for the export of American and German semi-trailer axle assemblies has achieved 60, 000 pieces and of suspension assemblies has achieved 50, 000 sets. We obtained the ISO9001: 2000 International Quality Management System Certification in 2003 and TS16949 Certification in 2007. “First-class product quality, the meticulous and thoughtful service, and CZPT cooperation” is the philosophy that we always cherish. We not only meet the domestic market demand, but also export our products to Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Latin America and other countries, enjoying a good reputation. We always regard quality as life, and client as God. We will create a brilliant tomorrow with your sincere cooperation and support.

      Certifications

      Packaging & Shipping

      FAQ

       

      1. What’s your advantage?

          

       — We are manufacturer, we own professinal technology & quality control team; excellent team for foreign trade plus a rich expertise in trading.

       

      2.Where your export to?
      — Our export to America, Netherlands, Germany, Italy, Poland, Hungary, Russia, and other European, Asia and Africa countries.

       

       

      3. Can you send me samples for testing?

       

        — Certainly!  We’d like to provide the samples free of charge, but for the freight, pls kindly bear it.

       

      4.Can you supply OEM ?

        — Sure, we always supply customized seveices according to customers’ drawing or samples.

       

       

      5. How long do you finish a new product?

       

        — Usually 20~35days once all information confirmed.

       

      Remark:

          Our payment terms

      — 30% by T/T in advance, 70% by T/T before shipment

       

       

        /* March 10, 2571 17:59:20 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

      After-sales Service: 24 Hours Online
      Condition: New
      Axle Number: 1
      Application: Truck
      Certification: ASTM, CE, ISO
      Material: Steel
      Samples:
      US$ 520/Piece
      1 Piece(Min.Order)

      |
      Request Sample

      Customization:
      Available

      |

      Customized Request

      axle

      Where can I buy axle seals for preventing fluid leaks in my vehicle’s axles?

      When it comes to purchasing axle seals to prevent fluid leaks in your vehicle’s axles, there are several options available. Here are some places where you can buy axle seals:

      1. Automotive Parts Stores:

      Visit local automotive parts stores such as AutoZone, Advance Auto Parts, O’Reilly Auto Parts, or NAPA Auto Parts. These stores typically have a wide range of automotive seals, including axle seals, in stock. You can either visit the physical store or check their online catalogs to find the specific axle seal you need for your vehicle.

      2. Dealerships:

      If you prefer to purchase genuine OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) axle seals, consider visiting a dealership authorized by your vehicle’s manufacturer. Dealerships often carry original parts that are specifically designed for your vehicle make and model. Contact your local dealership’s parts department to inquire about the availability of axle seals for your vehicle.

      3. Online Retailers:

      Online retailers like Amazon, eBay, and RockAuto offer a wide range of automotive parts, including axle seals. These platforms provide the convenience of browsing and purchasing axle seals from the comfort of your home. Make sure to check the product details, specifications, and customer reviews before making a purchase.

      4. Local Mechanics and Repair Shops:

      Local mechanics and repair shops often have access to a variety of automotive seals, including axle seals. They can source and install the appropriate seals for your vehicle during maintenance or repair services. Reach out to trusted local mechanics or repair shops in your area and inquire about their availability and pricing for axle seals.

      5. Manufacturer’s Online Stores:

      Some vehicle manufacturers have their own online stores where you can purchase genuine OEM parts, including axle seals. Visit the official website of your vehicle’s manufacturer and look for their online parts store. You can search for the specific axle seal needed for your vehicle using your vehicle identification number (VIN) or the model details.

      6. Salvage Yards:

      If you are looking for cost-effective options or rare axle seals, salvage yards can be an option. Salvage yards specialize in selling used parts salvaged from vehicles. However, when purchasing from salvage yards, it’s important to carefully inspect the condition and compatibility of the axle seals to ensure they are suitable for your vehicle.

      When purchasing axle seals, make sure to provide accurate information about your vehicle’s make, model, and year to ensure you get the correct seals that fit your vehicle’s axle specifications. Additionally, consider factors such as the quality of the seals, warranty options, and return policies when making your purchase decision.

      Remember, if you are unsure about the specific axle seals required for your vehicle or need assistance with installation, it is recommended to consult with a qualified mechanic or technician who can guide you in selecting the right seals and ensure proper installation to prevent fluid leaks in your vehicle’s axles.

      axle

      Can you provide insights into the advancements in axle technology in recent years?

      In recent years, there have been significant advancements in axle technology to enhance performance, efficiency, and safety in vehicles. Here are some insights into the key advancements:

      1. Lightweight Materials:
      2. One notable advancement is the use of lightweight materials in axle construction. Manufacturers have increasingly utilized materials such as aluminum alloys and high-strength steels to reduce the weight of axles without compromising strength and durability. Lighter axles contribute to improved fuel efficiency and overall vehicle performance.

      3. Electronic Differential:
      4. Electronic differentials, also known as eDiffs, have gained popularity in recent years. They utilize sensors, actuators, and control algorithms to monitor and distribute torque between the wheels more efficiently. Electronic differentials enhance traction, stability, and handling by actively managing torque distribution, especially in vehicles equipped with advanced stability control systems.

      5. Advanced Axle Bearings:
      6. Axle bearings have seen advancements in design and materials to reduce friction, improve efficiency, and enhance durability. For example, the use of roller bearings or tapered roller bearings has become more prevalent, offering reduced frictional losses and improved load-carrying capacity. Some manufacturers have also introduced sealed or maintenance-free bearings to minimize maintenance requirements.

      7. Electric Axles:
      8. With the rise of electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid vehicles, electric axles have emerged as a significant technological advancement. Electric axles integrate electric motors, power electronics, and gear systems into the axle assembly. They eliminate the need for traditional drivetrain components, simplify vehicle packaging, and offer benefits such as instant torque, regenerative braking, and improved energy efficiency.

      9. Active Suspension Integration:
      10. Advancements in axle technology have facilitated the integration of active suspension systems into axle designs. Active suspension systems use sensors, actuators, and control algorithms to adjust the suspension characteristics in real-time, providing improved ride comfort, handling, and stability. Axles with integrated active suspension components offer more precise control over vehicle dynamics.

      11. Improved Sealing and Lubrication:
      12. Axles have seen advancements in sealing and lubrication technologies to enhance durability and minimize maintenance requirements. Improved sealing systems help prevent contamination and retain lubricants, reducing the risk of premature wear or damage. Enhanced lubrication systems with better heat dissipation and reduced frictional losses contribute to improved efficiency and longevity.

      13. Autonomous Vehicle Integration:
      14. The development of autonomous vehicles has spurred advancements in axle technology. Axles are being designed to accommodate the integration of sensors, actuators, and communication systems necessary for autonomous driving. These advancements enable seamless integration with advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) and autonomous driving features, ensuring optimal performance and safety.

      It’s important to note that the specific advancements in axle technology can vary across different vehicle manufacturers and models. Furthermore, ongoing research and development efforts continue to drive further innovations in axle design, materials, and functionalities.

      For the most up-to-date and detailed information on axle technology advancements, it is advisable to consult automotive manufacturers, industry publications, and reputable sources specializing in automotive technology.

      axle

      What is the primary function of an axle in a vehicle or machinery?

      An axle plays a vital role in both vehicles and machinery, providing essential functions for their operation. The primary function of an axle is to transmit rotational motion and torque from an engine or power source to the wheels or other rotating components. Here are the key functions of an axle:

      1. Power Transmission:
      2. An axle serves as a mechanical link between the engine or power source and the wheels or driven components. It transfers rotational motion and torque generated by the engine to the wheels, enabling the vehicle or machinery to move. As the engine rotates the axle, the rotational force is transmitted to the wheels, propelling the vehicle forward or driving the machinery’s various components.

      3. Support and Load Bearing:
      4. An axle provides structural support and load-bearing capability, especially in vehicles. It bears the weight of the vehicle or machinery and distributes it evenly across the wheels or supporting components. This load-bearing function ensures stability, balance, and proper weight distribution, contributing to safe and efficient operation.

      5. Wheel and Component Alignment:
      6. The axle helps maintain proper alignment of the wheels or rotating components. It ensures that the wheels are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the ground, promoting stability and optimal tire contact with the road surface. In machinery, the axle aligns and supports the rotating components, ensuring their correct positioning and enabling smooth and efficient operation.

      7. Suspension and Absorption of Shocks:
      8. In vehicles, particularly those with independent suspension systems, the axle plays a role in the suspension system’s operation. It may incorporate features such as differential gears, CV joints, or other mechanisms that allow the wheels to move independently while maintaining power transfer. The axle also contributes to absorbing shocks and vibrations caused by road irregularities, enhancing ride comfort and vehicle handling.

      9. Steering Control:
      10. In some vehicles, such as trucks or buses, the front axle also serves as a steering axle. It connects to the steering mechanism, allowing the driver to control the direction of the vehicle. By turning the axle, the driver can steer the wheels, enabling precise maneuverability and navigation.

      11. Braking:
      12. An axle often integrates braking components, such as brake discs, calipers, or drums. These braking mechanisms are actuated when the driver applies the brakes, creating friction against the rotating axle or wheels and causing deceleration or stopping of the vehicle. The axle’s design can affect braking performance, ensuring effective and reliable stopping power.

      Overall, the primary function of an axle in both vehicles and machinery is to transmit rotational motion, torque, and power from the engine or power source to the wheels or rotating components. Additionally, it provides support, load-bearing capability, alignment, suspension, steering control, and braking functions, depending on the specific application and design requirements.

      China Standard Trailer Part 16 Tons Trailer Axle Rear Axle Germany BPW American Type Axle Trailer Parts Series Type Axle   a wheel and axle simple machineChina Standard Trailer Part 16 Tons Trailer Axle Rear Axle Germany BPW American Type Axle Trailer Parts Series Type Axle   a wheel and axle simple machine
      editor by CX 2023-12-22

      China factory CZPT Ballscrew with High Resistance Load for Edge Grinding Machine wholesaler

      Product Description

      Toco Ballscrew With High Resistance Load For Edge Grinding Machine
      Ball screw assembly consists of screw, nut, end support unit and coupling, the function is to convert rotary motion into linear motion, or convert linear motion into rotary motion. Because of the high stiffness and accuracy, ball screw is widely used for all kinds of industrial equipments and precise instruments.

      Product SFU ball screw
      Model SFU, DFU
      Dia 12, 16, 20, 25, 32, 40, 50, 63, 80mm
      Lead 5, 6, 8, 10, 16, 20, 25, 32, 40mm
      Accuracy C7 (0.05/E3ext8011
      Fax: – 0571 -85189340 or 85186450

      ADD: NO.11 Jinying 1st street, chenwu village,Houjie town  HangZhou city ZheJiang province China.

       

      How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

      There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
      splineshaft

      Involute splines

      An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
      Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
      To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
      There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
      The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
      splineshaft

      Stiffness of coupling

      The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
      The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
      The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
      The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
      The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

      Misalignment

      To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
      In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
      A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
      The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
      Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
      splineshaft

      Wear and fatigue failure

      The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
      During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
      The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
      The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
      Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

      China factory CZPT Ballscrew with High Resistance Load for Edge Grinding Machine     wholesaler China factory CZPT Ballscrew with High Resistance Load for Edge Grinding Machine     wholesaler

      China Custom Factory Supply Concrete Spare Parts Machine Starting Motor with Good quality

      Product Description

      Factory Supply Concrete Spare Parts  Machine Starting Motor

      We, Xihu (West Lake) Dis.ng group can provide full set of concrete pump spare parts: wear pla
      te and cutting ring, s pipe, s valve assy, delivery cylinder, delivery piston, delivery pipe, elbow, taper bend, clamp coupling, rubber hose, filter element, seal kits, gear pump, water pump, remote control, hydraulic pumps etc.

       
      Related Concrete Spare Parts

      Our Factory 

      Company Certificates 

      Company Profile

      HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis.ng Material Co., Ltd, started business since 1991, and was formally established as a registered company in 2002, with 5.3million RMB registered capital.

      Before 2015, Xihu (West Lake) Dis.ng focused on the domestic market, and is a qualified supplier of Jianglu group and CZPT in the military and mechanical products.

      In 2015, Xihu (West Lake) Dis.ng set up the international marketing department, specializing in exporting concrete construction machinery, mining Roadheaders, and the related spare parts and accessories. With manufacturing bases in HangZhou, HangZhou and HangZhou cities.

      Xihu (West Lake) Dis.ng owns branches “Cahi “in Kiev Ukraine, and “Speedlane Trade Limited” overseas company. Mainly export to Pakistan, Ukraine, Russia, and other EU countries and Southeast Asian countries under our own brands “Speedlane” and ” XIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS.NG”.

      Xihu (West Lake) Dis.ng has got the CE certificate, and Ukraine’s Coal Mining Safety certificate and permission. Cooperated with Ukraine largest energy company, DTEK group, the world top 500, and established a long term and friendly partnership.

       

      The Functions of Splined Shaft Bearings

      Splined shafts are the most common types of bearings for machine tools. They are made of a wide variety of materials, including metals and non-metals such as Delrin and nylon. They are often fabricated to reduce deflection. The tooth profile will become deformed with time, as the shaft is used over a long period of time. Splined shafts are available in a huge range of materials and lengths.

      Functions

      Splined shafts are used in a variety of applications and industries. They are an effective anti-rotational device, as well as a reliable means of transmitting torque. Other types of shafts are available, including key shafts, but splines are the most convenient for transmitting torque. The following article discusses the functions of splines and why they are a superior choice. Listed below are a few examples of applications and industries in which splines are used.
      Splined shafts can be of several styles, depending on the application and mechanical system in question. The differences between splined shaft styles include the design of teeth, overall strength, transfer of rotational concentricity, sliding ability, and misalignment tolerance. Listed below are a few examples of splines, as well as some of their benefits. The difference between these styles is not mutually exclusive; instead, each style has a distinct set of pros and cons.
      A splined shaft is a cylindrical shaft with teeth or ridges that correspond to a specific angular position. This allows a shaft to transfer torque while maintaining angular correspondence between tracks. A splined shaft is defined as a cylindrical member with several grooves cut into its circumference. These grooves are equally spaced around the shaft and form a series of projecting keys. These features give the shaft a rounded appearance and allow it to fit perfectly into a grooved cylindrical member.
      While the most common applications of splines are for shortening or extending shafts, they can also be used to secure mechanical assemblies. An “involute spline” spline has a groove that is wider than its counterparts. The result is that a splined shaft will resist separation during operation. They are an ideal choice for applications where deflection is an issue.
      A spline shaft’s radial torsion load distribution is equally distributed, unless a bevel gear is used. The radial torsion load is evenly distributed and will not exert significant load concentration. If the spline couplings are not aligned correctly, the spline connection can fail quickly, causing significant fretting fatigue and wear. A couple of papers discuss this issue in more detail.
      splineshaft

      Types

      There are many different types of splined shafts. Each type features an evenly spaced helix of grooves on its outer surface. These grooves are either parallel or involute. Their shape allows them to be paired with gears and interchange rotary and linear motion. Splines are often cold-rolled or cut. The latter has increased strength compared to cut spines. These types of shafts are commonly used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smoothness.
      Another difference between internal and external splined shafts lies in the manufacturing process. The former is made of wood, while the latter is made of steel or a metal alloy. The process of manufacturing splined shafts involves cutting furrows into the surface of the material. Both processes are expensive and require expert skill. The main advantage of splined shafts is their adaptability to a wide range of applications.
      In general, splined shafts are used in machinery where the rotation is transferred to an internal splined member. This member can be a gear or some other rotary device. These types of shafts are often packaged together as a hub assembly. Cleaning and lubricating are essential to the life of these components. If you’re using them on a daily basis, you’ll want to make sure to regularly inspect them.
      Crowned splines are usually involute. The teeth of these splines form a spiral pattern. They are used for smaller diameter shafts because they add strength. Involute splines are also used on instrument drives and valve shafts. Serration standards are found in the SAE. Both kinds of splines can also contain a ball bearing for high torque. The difference between the 2 types of splines is the number of teeth on the shaft.
      Internal splines have many advantages over external ones. For example, an internal spline shaft can be made using a grinding wheel instead of a CNC machine. It also uses a more accurate and economical process. Furthermore, it allows for a shorter manufacturing cycle, which is essential when splining high-speed machines. In addition, it stabilizes the relative phase between the spline and thread.
      splineshaft

      Manufacturing methods

      There are several methods used to fabricate a splined shaft. Key and splined shafts are constructed from 2 separate parts that are shaped in a synchronized manner to transfer torque uniformly. Hot rolling is 1 method, while cold rolling utilizes low temperatures to form metal. Both methods enhance mechanical properties, surface finishes, and precision. The advantage of cold rolling is its cost-effectiveness.
      Cold forming is 1 method, as well as machining and assembling. Cold forming is a unique process that allows the spline to be shaped to the desired shape. The resulting shape provides maximum contact area and torsional strength. Standard splines are available in standard sizes, but custom lengths can also be ordered. CZPT offers various auxiliary equipment, such as mating sleeves and flanged bushings.
      Cold forging is another method. This method produces long splined shafts that are used in automobile propellers. After the spline portion is cut out, it is worked on in a hobbing machine. Work hardening enhances the root strength of the splined portion. It can be used for bearings, gears, and other mechanical components. Listed below are the manufacturing methods for splined shafts.
      Parallel splines are the simplest of the splined shaft manufacturing methods. Parallel splines are usually welded to shafts, while involute splines are made of metal or non-metals. Splines are available in a wide variety of lengths and materials. The process is usually accompanied by a process called milling. The workpiece rotates to produce the serrated surface.
      Splines are internal or external grooves in a splined shaft. They work in combination with keyways to transfer torque. Male and female splines are used in gears. Female and male splines correspond to 1 another to ensure proper angular correspondence. Involute splines have more surface area and thus are stronger than external splines. Moreover, they help the shaft fit into a grooved cylindrical member without misalignment.
      A variety of other methods of manufacturing a splined shaft can be used to produce a splined shaft. Spline shafts can be produced using broaching and shaping, 2 precision machining methods. Broaching uses a metal tool with successively larger teeth to remove metal and create ridges and holes in the surface of a material. However, this process is expensive and requires special expertise.
      splineshaft

      Applications

      The splined shaft is a mechanical component with a helix-like shape formed by the equal spacing of grooves in a circular ring. The splines can either have parallel or involute sides. The splines minimize stress concentration in stationary joints and can be used in both rotary and linear motion. In some cases, splines are rolled rather than cut. The latter is more durable than cut splines and is often used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smooth finish.
      Splined shafts are commonly made of carbon steel. This alloy steel has a low carbon content, making it easy to work with. Carbon steel is a great choice for splines because it is malleable. Generally, high-quality carbon steel provides a consistent motion. Steel alloys are also available that contain nickel, chromium, copper, and other metals. If you’re unsure of the right material for your application, you can consult a spline chart.
      Splines are a versatile mechanical component. They are easy to cut and fit. Splines can be internal or external, with teeth positioned at equal intervals on both sides of the shaft. This allows the shaft to engage with the hub around the entire circumference of the hub. It also increases load capacity by creating a constant multiple-tooth point of contact with the hub. For this reason, they’re used extensively in rotary and linear motion.
      Splined shafts are used in a wide variety of industries. CZPT Inc. offers custom and standard splined shafts for a variety of applications. When choosing a splined shaft for a specific application, consider the surrounding mated components, torque requirements, and size requirements. These 3 factors will make it the ideal choice for your rotary equipment. And you’ll be pleased with the end result!
      There are many types of splines and their applications are endless. They transfer torque and angular misalignment between parts, and they also enable the axial rotation of assembled components. Therefore, splines are an essential component of machinery and are used in a wide range of applications. This type of shaft can be found in various types of machines, from household appliances to industrial machinery. So, the next time you’re looking for a splined shaft, make sure you look for a splined one.

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      China high quality Bf12 CNC Machine Ballscrew Part Ball Screw End Support Unit with high quality

      Product Description

      BF12 CNC Machine Ballscrew Part Ball Screw End Support Unit

      Ballscrew can be installed with ballnut,ballscrew support,coupling,nut housing as whole named ballscrew set. 

      Fixed part                                                                     Supporting part

      BK(6,8,10,12,15,17,20,25,30,35,40)                        BF(6,8,10,12,15,17,20,25,30,35,40)

      EK(10,12,15,20)                                                           EF( 10,12,15,20)          

      FK(8,10,12,15,20)                                                        FF(8,10,12,15,20,25,30)

      BK Type – Thrust pillow block fixed           

      BF Type – Radial simple support

      FF Type –  Flange mount simple support

      FK Type – Flange mount thrust bearing

       EK Type – Fixed side

       EF Type – Fioated side

      Brand TOCO
      Model BK BF FF FK EK EF BF EF FF
      Size customize M6*0.5 , M12*1.5, M42*1.5 ,M62*2.0 … M100*2.0
      Items packing Plastic bag+Cartons Or Wooden Packing
      Payment terms L/C,T/T,Paypal ,Western Union
      Production lead time 5  business days for sample ,15 days for the bulk
      Samples Sample price  range from $2 to $100.
      sample express request pay by clients
      Application 1. Automatic controlling machine
      2. Semi-conductor industry
      3. General industry machinery
      4. Medical equipment
      5. Solar energy equipment
      6. Machine tool
      7. Parking system
      8. High-speed rail and aviation transportation equipment, etc.

      Package & Shipping:
      1.Package: Carton or wooden case
      2.Delivery time: 15 days after receiving the deposit
      3.Shipping: by express (DHL, TNT, FedEx, etc.) or by sea

      Our service:
      1. Help customer to choose correct model, with CAD & PDF drawing for your reference.
      2. Professional sales team, make your purchase smooth.
      3. During warranty period, any quality problem of CZPT product, once confirmed, we will send a new 1 to replace.

      Company information:
      HangZhou CZPT Transmission Machinery Co., Ltd, is a specialized manufacturer in linear motion products in China, which was established in 1999. Based on the strong technical strength, outstanding quality and high capacity, we have a good reputation both in China and abroad, and now we have many customers all over the world. Our main products are ball screw, ball spline, linear guide, linear bearing, mono stage, machine tool spindle, ball screw support unit and locknut. You may find more information on our website at www.toco.tw.


      FAQ 
      1. Service :
      a. Help customer to choose correct model
      b. Professional sales team, make your purchase smooth.
       
      2.payment :
      Sample order: We require 100% T/T in advance. sample express need request pay by clients
      Bulk order: 30% T/T in advance, balance by T/T against copy of B/L.
      T/T,Paypal, Western Union is acceptable.
       
      3.Delievery :
      sample: 5-10 business days after payment confirmed.
      Bulk order :10-20 workdays after  deposit received .
       
      4. Guarantee time
      TOCO provides 1 year quality guarantee for the products from your purchase date, except the artificial damage.
       
      5.After sale-service
      During warranty period, any quality problem of CZPT product, once confirmed, we will send a new 1 to replace.

      Types of Splines

      There are 4 types of splines: Involute, Parallel key, helical, and ball. Learn about their characteristics. And, if you’re not sure what they are, you can always request a quotation. These splines are commonly used for building special machinery, repair jobs, and other applications. The CZPT Manufacturing Company manufactures these shafts. It is a specialty manufacturer and we welcome your business.
      splineshaft

      Involute splines

      The involute spline provides a more rigid and durable structure, and is available in a variety of diameters and spline counts. Generally, steel, carbon steel, or titanium are used as raw materials. Other materials, such as carbon fiber, may be suitable. However, titanium can be difficult to produce, so some manufacturers make splines using other constituents.
      When splines are used in shafts, they prevent parts from separating during operation. These features make them an ideal choice for securing mechanical assemblies. Splines with inward-curving grooves do not have sharp corners and are therefore less likely to break or separate while they are in operation. These properties help them to withstand high-speed operations, such as braking, accelerating, and reversing.
      A male spline is fitted with an externally-oriented face, and a female spline is inserted through the center. The teeth of the male spline typically have chamfered tips to provide clearance with the transition area. The radii and width of the teeth of a male spline are typically larger than those of a female spline. These specifications are specified in ANSI or DIN design manuals.
      The effective tooth thickness of a spline depends on the involute profile error and the lead error. Also, the spacing of the spline teeth and keyways can affect the effective tooth thickness. Involute splines in a splined shaft are designed so that at least 25 percent of the spline teeth engage during coupling, which results in a uniform distribution of load and wear on the spline.

      Parallel key splines

      A parallel splined shaft has a helix of equal-sized grooves around its circumference. These grooves are generally parallel or involute. Splines minimize stress concentrations in stationary joints and allow linear and rotary motion. Splines may be cut or cold-rolled. Cold-rolled splines have more strength than cut spines and are often used in applications that require high strength, accuracy, and a smooth surface.
      A parallel key splined shaft features grooves and keys that are parallel to the axis of the shaft. This design is best suited for applications where load bearing is a primary concern and a smooth motion is needed. A parallel key splined shaft can be made from alloy steels, which are iron-based alloys that may also contain chromium, nickel, molybdenum, copper, or other alloying materials.
      A splined shaft can be used to transmit torque and provide anti-rotation when operating as a linear guide. These shafts have square profiles that match up with grooves in a mating piece and transmit torque and rotation. They can also be easily changed in length, and are commonly used in aerospace. Its reliability and fatigue life make it an excellent choice for many applications.
      The main difference between a parallel key splined shaft and a keyed shaft is that the former offers more flexibility. They lack slots, which reduce torque-transmitting capacity. Splines offer equal load distribution along the gear teeth, which translates into a longer fatigue life for the shaft. In agricultural applications, shaft life is essential. Agricultural equipment, for example, requires the ability to function at high speeds for extended periods of time.
      splineshaft

      Involute helical splines

      Involute splines are a common design for splined shafts. They are the most commonly used type of splined shaft and feature equal spacing among their teeth. The teeth of this design are also shorter than those of the parallel spline shaft, reducing stress concentration. These splines can be used to transmit power to floating or permanently fixed gears, and reduce stress concentrations in the stationary joint. Involute splines are the most common type of splined shaft, and are widely used for a variety of applications in automotive, machine tools, and more.
      Involute helical spline shafts are ideal for applications involving axial motion and rotation. They allow for face coupling engagement and disengagement. This design also allows for a larger diameter than a parallel spline shaft. The result is a highly efficient gearbox. Besides being durable, splines can also be used for other applications involving torque and energy transfer.
      A new statistical model can be used to determine the number of teeth that engage for a given load. These splines are characterized by a tight fit at the major diameters, thereby transferring concentricity from the shaft to the female spline. A male spline has chamfered tips for clearance with the transition area. ANSI and DIN design manuals specify the different classes of fit.
      The design of involute helical splines is similar to that of gears, and their ridges or teeth are matched with the corresponding grooves in a mating piece. It enables torque and rotation to be transferred to a mate piece while maintaining alignment of the 2 components. Different types of splines are used in different applications. Different splines can have different levels of tooth height.

      Involute ball splines

      When splines are used, they allow the shaft and hub to engage evenly over the shaft’s entire circumference. Because the teeth are evenly spaced, the load that they can transfer is uniform and their position is always the same regardless of shaft length. Whether the shaft is used to transmit torque or to transmit power, splines are a great choice. They provide maximum strength and allow for linear or rotary motion.
      There are 3 basic types of splines: helical, crown, and ball. Crown splines feature equally spaced grooves. Crown splines feature involute sides and parallel sides. Helical splines use involute teeth and are often used in small diameter shafts. Ball splines contain a ball bearing inside the splined shaft to facilitate rotary motion and minimize stress concentration in stationary joints.
      The 2 types of splines are classified under the ANSI classes of fit. Fillet root splines have teeth that mesh along the longitudinal axis of rotation. Flat root splines have similar teeth, but are intended to optimize strength for short-term use. Both types of splines are important for ensuring the shaft aligns properly and is not misaligned.
      The friction coefficient of the hub is a complex process. When the hub is off-center, the center moves in predictable but irregular motion. Moreover, when the shaft is centered, the center may oscillate between being centered and being off-center. To compensate for this, the torque must be adequate to keep the shaft in its axis during all rotation angles. While straight-sided splines provide similar centering, they have lower misalignment load factors.
      splineshaft

      Keyed shafts

      Essentially, splined shafts have teeth or ridges that fit together to transfer torque. Because splines are not as tall as involute gears, they offer uniform torque transfer. Additionally, they provide the opportunity for torque and rotational changes and improve wear resistance. In addition to their durability, splined shafts are popular in the aerospace industry and provide increased reliability and fatigue life.
      Keyed shafts are available in different materials, lengths, and diameters. When used in high-power drive applications, they offer higher torque and rotational speeds. The higher torque they produce helps them deliver power to the gearbox. However, they are not as durable as splined shafts, which is why the latter is usually preferred in these applications. And while they’re more expensive, they’re equally effective when it comes to torque delivery.
      Parallel keyed shafts have separate profiles and ridges and are used in applications requiring accuracy and precision. Keyed shafts with rolled splines are 35% stronger than cut splines and are used where precision is essential. These splines also have a smooth finish, which can make them a good choice for precision applications. They also work well with gears and other mechanical systems that require accurate torque transfer.
      Carbon steel is another material used for splined shafts. Carbon steel is known for its malleability, and its shallow carbon content helps create reliable motion. However, if you’re looking for something more durable, consider ferrous steel. This type contains metals such as nickel, chromium, and molybdenum. And it’s important to remember that carbon steel is not the only material to consider.

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      Product Description

      Your customized parts,Customized solutions
      Company profiles
      We established in 2571 year, named Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Tongyong Machinery Company. In 2019 renamed HangZhou Hejess Machinery Co.,Ltd and established new plants. 
      We are mainly engaged in the designing and manufacturing of steel machinery components and non-standard machinery parts, including shafts, flange, gears, rings, sheaves, couplings, bearing supports,  and forgings etc.

      Production Parameter
       

      • Material: Alloy steel,Carbon steel,Carburizing steel,Quenched and tempered steel
      • Heat treatment: Normalizing,Annealing,Quenching&Tempering,Surface Quenching, Induction hardening
      • Machining: CNC Turning,CNC Milling,CNC Boring,CNC Grinding,CNC Drilling
      • Gear Machining: Gear Hobbing,Gear Milling,CNC Gear Milling,Gear Cutting,Spiral gear cutting,
      • Gear Cutting
      • Inspection: Chemical Composition Test,Ultrasonic Test,Penetration Test,Radiographic Test,

      Magnetic Test,Tensile Strength Test,Impact Test,Hardness Test,Dimension Test.

      We can provide forging from 1kg to 5Ton. And make precison machining. Also have welding and assembly capabilities.

      Quality Control
      Product quality is what we are paying great attention to all the time. Each product is produced under careful control at every process and inspected by experienced engineers strictly according to the related standards and customer requirements, ensuring the super performance of our goods when arrive at customer.
      Ø Production Flow Chart
      1, Order Analyzing
          Know requirements of raw material, chemical composition, Mechanical properties.
          Analyzing how to forging and how to make heat treatment.
      2, Raw material.
          Use which raw material, plate, round bar, steel ingot.
         According your parts, choose the best cost performance one.
         If you required special material, will customized from steel factory.
         Customized raw material according your requirments.
      3, Forging
          Make forging process chart and forging form
          Make forging drawing
          Make 3D drawing
          Make forging mould
      4, Pre –  forging
      5, Finish – forging
      Natural gas heating furnaces are monitored and controlled by computer programs to ensure precise heating within set time and temperature range as required.
      A broad range of forging equipment,including friction press, hudraulic hammer, forging hammers.With the aids od intelligent software,proper deformation,forging ration,ingot size and weight,forging tooling and equipment will be determined to ensure the wrought structure through hout and sound quality.
      6, Pre- machining
      7, Make UT (ultrasonic) inspection.
      8, Make heat treatment
      9, Inspect hardness and mechanical properties.
      10, Make precision machining / finished machining.
            Use CNC machining center, CNC milling, CNC boring, CNC grinding
      11, Inspect dimenssions.
      12, Protecting and packing.

      Main market :  America, Australia, Malaysia,Israel,Britain, Russia,Canada, ect.

      Services : The services we can provide are : FOB, CIF, DAP. Only give me the drawings and requirements, you will receive the goods at your home.
       Wehas accumulated rich knowledge and experience in the producing and exporting. Familar every process, when metting problems, be able to find a solution timely.

      Excellent service attitude, fast reaction speed, on-time delivery, consciousness of responsibility and flexibility is what we are practicing from the very beginning, combining with high credit, competitive price, close interaction with customer and innovative way of working, make us win more and more business and excellent customer satisfaction.
      To choose us, HangZhou CZPT Machinery, as your business partner, never will you find you are wrong!

      PRODUCTION DETAILS

      Technology : Free forging / Open forging / Die forging / closed forging / Impression die forging / Flashless forging / multi-ram forging / multidirectional die forging / precision forging / croe forging / combination forging / extrusion forging / roll forging / reducer rolling / ring rolling /  open die forging / flat die forging / loose tooling forging
      Material Standard : ISO / DIN / W-Nr / BS / EN / ASTM / ASME / AISI / UNS / SAE / JIS / SS/ NF / GOST / OCT / GB
      Material Type: Austenilic Ni-Cr Stainless Steel / Austenitic Alloy Steel / Austenitic Stainless Stee / Axle Shaft Steel /  Bar Steel / Bearing Steel / Bolting Steel / Carbon And Low-Alloy Steel Vessels / Carbon Steel / Carbon Tool Steel /  Carbon-Containing Alloy Steel / Case-Hardened Steel / Cast Steel / Cast-Steel Pipe / Centrifugal Steel / Centrifuge(D) Steel / Channel Steel  / Chilled Hardened Steel / Chrome Hardened Steel / Chrome-Carbon Steel  / Chrome-Molybdenum Steel  / Chrome-Nickel Steel / Closed Die Steel / Coating Steel Pipe / Die Steel / Drawing Steel / Extra-High-Tensile Steel / Fabricated Steel /  Ferritic Stainless Steel  / Ferritic Steel / Figured Steel / Fine Steel / Flange Steel / Groove Steel / Hard Alloy Steel /  High Alloy Steel / High Boron Steel / High Carbon Steel / High Chrome Alloy Steel / High Manganese Steel / High Nickel-Chrome Steel

       

      Show the production process as below photos:

      Our Products Catalogue
       

      Products Catalogue
      Item Application Technical Material Picture Market
      1 Lift Rod Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – CNC Grinding Alloy steel Australia
      2 Eccentric shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – CNC Grinding Alloy steel Britain
      3 Pin shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      4 Spindle Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – CNC Grinding Alloy steel Germany
      5 Step shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Peru
      6 Long shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – CNC Grinding Alloy steel Ukraine
      7 Big head shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Israel
      8 Hollow shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Custom Alloy steel Singapore
      9 Zinc plating flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – Zinc plating Alloy steel Australia
      10 Spline shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Singapore
      11 Gear Shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – Surface Quenching Alloy steel Russia
      12 Gear Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Russia
      13 Ring Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      14 Ring Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Malaysia
      15 Half ring Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Malaysia
      16 Cylinder Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Iran
      17 Flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      18 Groove ring Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      19 Flange shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      20 Flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      21 Pin shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      22 Shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      23 Square flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA    Britain 
      24 Nut Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      25 Flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      26 Flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      27 Forks Wire cutting – heat treatment – CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      28 Closed die forging part Forging – CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      29 Closed die forging part Forging – CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      30 Closed die forging part Forging – CNC machining Alloy steel USA

      Stiffness and Torsional Vibration of Spline-Couplings

      In this paper, we describe some basic characteristics of spline-coupling and examine its torsional vibration behavior. We also explore the effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling. These results will assist in the design of improved spline-coupling systems for various applications. The results are presented in Table 1.
      splineshaft

      Stiffness of spline-coupling

      The stiffness of a spline-coupling is a function of the meshing force between the splines in a rotor-spline coupling system and the static vibration displacement. The meshing force depends on the coupling parameters such as the transmitting torque and the spline thickness. It increases nonlinearly with the spline thickness.
      A simplified spline-coupling model can be used to evaluate the load distribution of splines under vibration and transient loads. The axle spline sleeve is displaced a z-direction and a resistance moment T is applied to the outer face of the sleeve. This simple model can satisfy a wide range of engineering requirements but may suffer from complex loading conditions. Its asymmetric clearance may affect its engagement behavior and stress distribution patterns.
      The results of the simulations show that the maximum vibration acceleration in both Figures 10 and 22 was 3.03 g/s. This results indicate that a misalignment in the circumferential direction increases the instantaneous impact. Asymmetry in the coupling geometry is also found in the meshing. The right-side spline’s teeth mesh tightly while those on the left side are misaligned.
      Considering the spline-coupling geometry, a semi-analytical model is used to compute stiffness. This model is a simplified form of a classical spline-coupling model, with submatrices defining the shape and stiffness of the joint. As the design clearance is a known value, the stiffness of a spline-coupling system can be analyzed using the same formula.
      The results of the simulations also show that the spline-coupling system can be modeled using MASTA, a high-level commercial CAE tool for transmission analysis. In this case, the spline segments were modeled as a series of spline segments with variable stiffness, which was calculated based on the initial gap between spline teeth. Then, the spline segments were modelled as a series of splines of increasing stiffness, accounting for different manufacturing variations. The resulting analysis of the spline-coupling geometry is compared to those of the finite-element approach.
      Despite the high stiffness of a spline-coupling system, the contact status of the contact surfaces often changes. In addition, spline coupling affects the lateral vibration and deformation of the rotor. However, stiffness nonlinearity is not well studied in splined rotors because of the lack of a fully analytical model.
      splineshaft

      Characteristics of spline-coupling

      The study of spline-coupling involves a number of design factors. These include weight, materials, and performance requirements. Weight is particularly important in the aeronautics field. Weight is often an issue for design engineers because materials have varying dimensional stability, weight, and durability. Additionally, space constraints and other configuration restrictions may require the use of spline-couplings in certain applications.
      The main parameters to consider for any spline-coupling design are the maximum principal stress, the maldistribution factor, and the maximum tooth-bearing stress. The magnitude of each of these parameters must be smaller than or equal to the external spline diameter, in order to provide stability. The outer diameter of the spline must be at least 4 inches larger than the inner diameter of the spline.
      Once the physical design is validated, the spline coupling knowledge base is created. This model is pre-programmed and stores the design parameter signals, including performance and manufacturing constraints. It then compares the parameter values to the design rule signals, and constructs a geometric representation of the spline coupling. A visual model is created from the input signals, and can be manipulated by changing different parameters and specifications.
      The stiffness of a spline joint is another important parameter for determining the spline-coupling stiffness. The stiffness distribution of the spline joint affects the rotor’s lateral vibration and deformation. A finite element method is a useful technique for obtaining lateral stiffness of spline joints. This method involves many mesh refinements and requires a high computational cost.
      The diameter of the spline-coupling must be large enough to transmit the torque. A spline with a larger diameter may have greater torque-transmitting capacity because it has a smaller circumference. However, the larger diameter of a spline is thinner than the shaft, and the latter may be more suitable if the torque is spread over a greater number of teeth.
      Spline-couplings are classified according to their tooth profile along the axial and radial directions. The radial and axial tooth profiles affect the component’s behavior and wear damage. Splines with a crowned tooth profile are prone to angular misalignment. Typically, these spline-couplings are oversized to ensure durability and safety.

      Stiffness of spline-coupling in torsional vibration analysis

      This article presents a general framework for the study of torsional vibration caused by the stiffness of spline-couplings in aero-engines. It is based on a previous study on spline-couplings. It is characterized by the following 3 factors: bending stiffness, total flexibility, and tangential stiffness. The first criterion is the equivalent diameter of external and internal splines. Both the spline-coupling stiffness and the displacement of splines are evaluated by using the derivative of the total flexibility.
      The stiffness of a spline joint can vary based on the distribution of load along the spline. Variables affecting the stiffness of spline joints include the torque level, tooth indexing errors, and misalignment. To explore the effects of these variables, an analytical formula is developed. The method is applicable for various kinds of spline joints, such as splines with multiple components.
      Despite the difficulty of calculating spline-coupling stiffness, it is possible to model the contact between the teeth of the shaft and the hub using an analytical approach. This approach helps in determining key magnitudes of coupling operation such as contact peak pressures, reaction moments, and angular momentum. This approach allows for accurate results for spline-couplings and is suitable for both torsional vibration and structural vibration analysis.
      The stiffness of spline-coupling is commonly assumed to be rigid in dynamic models. However, various dynamic phenomena associated with spline joints must be captured in high-fidelity drivetrain models. To accomplish this, a general analytical stiffness formulation is proposed based on a semi-analytical spline load distribution model. The resulting stiffness matrix contains radial and tilting stiffness values as well as torsional stiffness. The analysis is further simplified with the blockwise inversion method.
      It is essential to consider the torsional vibration of a power transmission system before selecting the coupling. An accurate analysis of torsional vibration is crucial for coupling safety. This article also discusses case studies of spline shaft wear and torsionally-induced failures. The discussion will conclude with the development of a robust and efficient method to simulate these problems in real-life scenarios.
      splineshaft

      Effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling

      In this study, the effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline coupling is investigated. The stability boundary and mechanism of rotor instability are analyzed. We find that the meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling increases nonlinearly with spline thickness. The results demonstrate that the misalignment is responsible for the instability of the rotor-spline coupling system.
      An intentional spline misalignment is introduced to achieve an interference fit and zero backlash condition. This leads to uneven load distribution among the spline teeth. A further spline misalignment of 50um can result in rotor-spline coupling failure. The maximum tensile root stress shifted to the left under this condition.
      Positive spline misalignment increases the gear mesh misalignment. Conversely, negative spline misalignment has no effect. The right-handed spline misalignment is opposite to the helix hand. The high contact area is moved from the center to the left side. In both cases, gear mesh is misaligned due to deflection and tilting of the gear under load.
      This variation of the tooth surface is measured as the change in clearance in the transverse plain. The radial and axial clearance values are the same, while the difference between the 2 is less. In addition to the frictional force, the axial clearance of the splines is the same, which increases the gear mesh misalignment. Hence, the same procedure can be used to determine the frictional force of a rotor-spline coupling.
      Gear mesh misalignment influences spline-rotor coupling performance. This misalignment changes the distribution of the gear mesh and alters contact and bending stresses. Therefore, it is essential to understand the effects of misalignment in spline couplings. Using a simplified system of helical gear pair, Hong et al. examined the load distribution along the tooth interface of the spline. This misalignment caused the flank contact pattern to change. The misaligned teeth exhibited deflection under load and developed a tilting moment on the gear.
      The effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline couplings is minimized by using a mechanism that reduces backlash. The mechanism comprises cooperably splined male and female members. One member is formed by 2 coaxially aligned splined segments with end surfaces shaped to engage in sliding relationship. The connecting device applies axial loads to these segments, causing them to rotate relative to 1 another.

      China Good quality Forging Parts for Machine Tool Screw Stem     near me shop China Good quality Forging Parts for Machine Tool Screw Stem     near me shop

      China OEM Forging Machine Parts / Automobile Engine Parts / Automobile Parts with Free Design Custom

      Product Description

      Your customized parts,Customized solutions
      Company profiles
      We established in 2571 year, named Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Tongyong Machinery Company. In 2019 renamed HangZhou Hejess Machinery Co.,Ltd and established new plants. 
      We are mainly engaged in the designing and manufacturing of steel machinery components and non-standard machinery parts, including shafts, flange, gears, rings, sheaves, couplings, bearing supports,  and forgings etc.

      Production Parameter
       

      • Material: Alloy steel,Carbon steel,Carburizing steel,Quenched and tempered steel
      • Heat treatment: Normalizing,Annealing,Quenching&Tempering,Surface Quenching, Induction hardening
      • Machining: CNC Turning,CNC Milling,CNC Boring,CNC Grinding,CNC Drilling
      • Gear Machining: Gear Hobbing,Gear Milling,CNC Gear Milling,Gear Cutting,Spiral gear cutting,
      • Gear Cutting
      • Inspection: Chemical Composition Test,Ultrasonic Test,Penetration Test,Radiographic Test,

      Magnetic Test,Tensile Strength Test,Impact Test,Hardness Test,Dimension Test.

      We can provide forging from 1kg to 5Ton. And make precison machining. Also have welding and assembly capabilities.

      Quality Control
      Product quality is what we are paying great attention to all the time. Each product is produced under careful control at every process and inspected by experienced engineers strictly according to the related standards and customer requirements, ensuring the super performance of our goods when arrive at customer.
      Ø Production Flow Chart
      1, Order Analyzing
          Know requirements of raw material, chemical composition, Mechanical properties.
          Analyzing how to forging and how to make heat treatment.
      2, Raw material.
          Use which raw material, plate, round bar, steel ingot.
         According your parts, choose the best cost performance one.
         If you required special material, will customized from steel factory.
         Customized raw material according your requirments.
      3, Forging
          Make forging process chart and forging form
          Make forging drawing
          Make 3D drawing
          Make forging mould
      4, Pre –  forging
      5, Finish – forging
      Natural gas heating furnaces are monitored and controlled by computer programs to ensure precise heating within set time and temperature range as required.
      A broad range of forging equipment,including friction press, hudraulic hammer, forging hammers.With the aids od intelligent software,proper deformation,forging ration,ingot size and weight,forging tooling and equipment will be determined to ensure the wrought structure through hout and sound quality.
      6, Pre- machining
      7, Make UT (ultrasonic) inspection.
      8, Make heat treatment
      9, Inspect hardness and mechanical properties.
      10, Make precision machining / finished machining.
            Use CNC machining center, CNC milling, CNC boring, CNC grinding
      11, Inspect dimenssions.
      12, Protecting and packing.

      Main market :  America, Australia, Malaysia,Israel,Britain, Russia,Canada, ect.

      Services : The services we can provide are : FOB, CIF, DAP. Only give me the drawings and requirements, you will receive the goods at your home.
       Wehas accumulated rich knowledge and experience in the producing and exporting. Familar every process, when metting problems, be able to find a solution timely.

      Excellent service attitude, fast reaction speed, on-time delivery, consciousness of responsibility and flexibility is what we are practicing from the very beginning, combining with high credit, competitive price, close interaction with customer and innovative way of working, make us win more and more business and excellent customer satisfaction.
      To choose us, HangZhou CZPT Machinery, as your business partner, never will you find you are wrong!

      PRODUCTION DETAILS

      Technology : Free forging / Open forging / Die forging / closed forging / Impression die forging / Flashless forging / multi-ram forging / multidirectional die forging / precision forging / croe forging / combination forging / extrusion forging / roll forging / reducer rolling / ring rolling /  open die forging / flat die forging / loose tooling forging
      Material Standard : ISO / DIN / W-Nr / BS / EN / ASTM / ASME / AISI / UNS / SAE / JIS / SS/ NF / GOST / OCT / GB
      Material Type: Austenilic Ni-Cr Stainless Steel / Austenitic Alloy Steel / Austenitic Stainless Stee / Axle Shaft Steel /  Bar Steel / Bearing Steel / Bolting Steel / Carbon And Low-Alloy Steel Vessels / Carbon Steel / Carbon Tool Steel /  Carbon-Containing Alloy Steel / Case-Hardened Steel / Cast Steel / Cast-Steel Pipe / Centrifugal Steel / Centrifuge(D) Steel / Channel Steel  / Chilled Hardened Steel / Chrome Hardened Steel / Chrome-Carbon Steel  / Chrome-Molybdenum Steel  / Chrome-Nickel Steel / Closed Die Steel / Coating Steel Pipe / Die Steel / Drawing Steel / Extra-High-Tensile Steel / Fabricated Steel /  Ferritic Stainless Steel  / Ferritic Steel / Figured Steel / Fine Steel / Flange Steel / Groove Steel / Hard Alloy Steel /  High Alloy Steel / High Boron Steel / High Carbon Steel / High Chrome Alloy Steel / High Manganese Steel / High Nickel-Chrome Steel

       

      Show the production process as below photos:

      Our Products Catalogue
       

      Products Catalogue
      Item Application Technical Material Picture Market
      1 Lift Rod Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – CNC Grinding Alloy steel Australia
      2 Eccentric shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – CNC Grinding Alloy steel Britain
      3 Pin shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      4 Spindle Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – CNC Grinding Alloy steel Germany
      5 Step shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Peru
      6 Long shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – CNC Grinding Alloy steel Ukraine
      7 Big head shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Israel
      8 Hollow shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Custom Alloy steel Singapore
      9 Zinc plating flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – Zinc plating Alloy steel Australia
      10 Spline shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Singapore
      11 Gear Shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining – Surface Quenching Alloy steel Russia
      12 Gear Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Russia
      13 Ring Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      14 Ring Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Malaysia
      15 Half ring Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Malaysia
      16 Cylinder Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel Iran
      17 Flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      18 Groove ring Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      19 Flange shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      20 Flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      21 Pin shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      22 Shaft Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      23 Square flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA    Britain 
      24 Nut Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      25 Flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      26 Flange Forging – heat treatment –  CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      27 Forks Wire cutting – heat treatment – CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      28 Closed die forging part Forging – CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      29 Closed die forging part Forging – CNC machining Alloy steel USA
      30 Closed die forging part Forging – CNC machining Alloy steel USA

      The Benefits of Spline Couplings for Disc Brake Mounting Interfaces

      Spline couplings are commonly used for securing disc brake mounting interfaces. Spline couplings are often used in high-performance vehicles, aeronautics, and many other applications. However, the mechanical benefits of splines are not immediately obvious. Listed below are the benefits of spline couplings. We’ll discuss what these advantages mean for you. Read on to discover how these couplings work.

      Disc brake mounting interfaces are splined

      There are 2 common disc brake mounting interfaces – splined and six-bolt. Splined rotors fit on splined hubs; six-bolt rotors will need an adapter to fit on six-bolt hubs. The six-bolt method is easier to maintain and may be preferred by many cyclists. If you’re thinking of installing a disc brake system, it is important to know how to choose the right splined and center lock interfaces.
      splineshaft

      Aerospace applications

      The splines used for spline coupling in aircraft are highly complex. While some previous researches have addressed the design of splines, few publications have tackled the problem of misaligned spline coupling. Nevertheless, the accurate results we obtained were obtained using dedicated simulation tools, which are not commercially available. Nevertheless, such tools can provide a useful reference for our approach. It would be beneficial if designers could use simple tools for evaluating contact pressure peaks. Our analytical approach makes it possible to find answers to such questions.
      The design of a spline coupling for aerospace applications must be accurate to minimize weight and prevent failure mechanisms. In addition to weight reduction, it is necessary to minimize fretting fatigue. The pressure distribution on the spline coupling teeth is a significant factor in determining its fretting fatigue. Therefore, we use analytical and experimental methods to examine the contact pressure distribution in the axial direction of spline couplings.
      The teeth of a spline coupling can be categorized by the type of engagement they provide. This study investigates the position of resultant contact forces in the teeth of a spline coupling when applied to pitch diameter. Using FEM models, numerical results are generated for nominal and parallel offset misalignments. The axial tooth profile determines the behavior of the coupling component and its ability to resist wear. Angular misalignment is also a concern, causing misalignment.
      In order to assess wear damage of a spline coupling, we must take into consideration the impact of fretting on the components. This wear is caused by relative motion between the teeth that engage them. The misalignment may be caused by vibrations, cyclical tooth deflection, or angular misalignment. The result of this analysis may help designers improve their spline coupling designs and develop improved performance.
      CZPT polyimide, an abrasion-resistant polymer, is a popular choice for high-temperature spline couplings. This material reduces friction and wear, provides a low friction surface, and has a low wear rate. Furthermore, it offers up to 50 times the life of metal on metal spline connections. For these reasons, it is important to choose the right material for your spline coupling.
      splineshaft

      High-performance vehicles

      A spline coupler is a device used to connect splined shafts. A typical spline coupler resembles a short pipe with splines on either end. There are 2 basic types of spline coupling: single and dual spline. One type attaches to a drive shaft, while the other attaches to the gearbox. While spline couplings are typically used in racing, they’re also used for performance problems.
      The key challenge in spline couplings is to determine the optimal dimension of spline joints. This is difficult because no commercial codes allow the simulation of misaligned joints, which can destroy components. This article presents analytical approaches to estimating contact pressures in spline connections. The results are comparable with numerical approaches but require special codes to accurately model the coupling operation. This research highlights several important issues and aims to make the application of spline couplings in high-performance vehicles easier.
      The stiffness of spline assemblies can be calculated using tooth-like structures. Such splines can be incorporated into the spline joint to produce global stiffness for torsional vibration analysis. Bearing reactions are calculated for a certain level of misalignment. This information can be used to design bearing dimensions and correct misalignment. There are 3 types of spline couplings.
      Major diameter fit splines are made with tightly controlled outside diameters. This close fit provides concentricity transfer from the male to the female spline. The teeth of the male spline usually have chamfered tips and clearance with fillet radii. These splines are often manufactured from billet steel or aluminum. These materials are renowned for their strength and uniform grain created by the forging process. ANSI and DIN design manuals define classes of fit.
      splineshaft

      Disc brake mounting interfaces

      A spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces is a type of hub-to-brake-disc mount. It is a highly durable coupling mechanism that reduces heat transfer from the disc to the axle hub. The mounting arrangement also isolates the axle hub from direct contact with the disc. It is also designed to minimize the amount of vehicle downtime and maintenance required to maintain proper alignment.
      Disc brakes typically have substantial metal-to-metal contact with axle hub splines. The discs are held in place on the hub by intermediate inserts. This metal-to-metal contact also aids in the transfer of brake heat from the brake disc to the axle hub. Spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces comprises a mounting ring that is either a threaded or non-threaded spline.
      During drag brake experiments, perforated friction blocks filled with various additive materials are introduced. The materials included include Cu-based powder metallurgy material, a composite material, and a Mn-Cu damping alloy. The filling material affects the braking interface’s wear behavior and friction-induced vibration characteristics. Different filling materials produce different types of wear debris and have different wear evolutions. They also differ in their surface morphology.
      Disc brake couplings are usually made of 2 different types. The plain and HD versions are interchangeable. The plain version is the simplest to install, while the HD version has multiple components. The two-piece couplings are often installed at the same time, but with different mounting interfaces. You should make sure to purchase the appropriate coupling for your vehicle. These interfaces are a vital component of your vehicle and must be installed correctly for proper operation.
      Disc brakes use disc-to-hub elements that help locate the forces and displace them to the rim. These elements are typically made of stainless steel, which increases the cost of manufacturing the disc brake mounting interface. Despite their benefits, however, the high braking force loads they endure are hard on the materials. Moreover, excessive heat transferred to the intermediate elements can adversely affect the fatigue life and long-term strength of the brake system.

      China OEM Forging Machine Parts / Automobile Engine Parts / Automobile Parts     with Free Design CustomChina OEM Forging Machine Parts / Automobile Engine Parts / Automobile Parts     with Free Design Custom