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China factory Robust Tractor Front Axle for 184 Model Tractors axle alignment cost

Product Description

 

Product Information:

 

  • Absorbing advanced driving axle technologies at home and abroad
  • Using middle-arranged type transmission shaft and swing type center swing pin
  • Inside structure includes center deacceleration, transmission differential, and end deacceleration with double bevel gears
  • Using whole type axle shell, which has good rigidity
  • Using middle-arranged oil cylinder, which has compact structure and beautiful appearance
  • On the end main pin steering position, using CZPT material sliding bearing structure, which makes the steering light and flexible
  • High ground clearance can improve the passing capacity of tractor
  • Three kinds of driving axles including wide, middle, and narrow types can meet demands from different agricultural tractors
  • Adaptive for 30-40HP four-wheel driving tractors
  •  

  •  

 

Technical Parameter:

 

Company name: ‘HangZhou City Rong Nan Machinery Manufacturing Co., Ltd.’

 

Performance parameter RN45S Front driving axle (284)
Driving ratio 15.831
Outline dimension 1230×470×460
Driving shaft front axle Middle-arranged driving shaft
 Input shaft parameter m=2  z=14  α=30°
Connection bolt between hub and spoke 6×M14×1.5
Distance between spokes (mm) 1178/1378(Optional)
The pressure of the hydraulic oil 10±0.5
load bearing (kN) 9
Net weight (KG) without oil 148
Oil Volume Middle (L) 4.6
Round edge (L) 1.8
Front
Axle
Position
Extroversion angle of front wheel
Introversion angle 10°
Retroverted angle 0
Fore tie (mm) 4~10
Steering method Fluid-link steering
Swing angle of the front axle 10°
 Maximum steering angle of front wheel 44°
Steering
Cylinder
Steering hydraulic cylinder type Mid bidirectional
Diameter of steering hydraulic cylinder(mm) 40
Steering hydraulic cylinder quantity 1
Steering hydraulic cylinder travel(mm) 140

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After-sales Service: Provide
Warranty: 1 Year
Type: Rn45s
Certification: ISO9001
Driving System Parts: Front Axle
Color: Black
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle

Are there guidelines for choosing the right axle for towing heavy loads?

When it comes to towing heavy loads, selecting the appropriate axle is crucial for ensuring safe and efficient towing performance. While the specific guidelines may vary depending on the vehicle and towing requirements, there are general considerations to keep in mind when choosing the right axle. Here’s a detailed explanation of the guidelines for selecting the right axle for towing heavy loads:

Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR):

One of the primary factors to consider is the Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) provided by the vehicle manufacturer. The GAWR specifies the maximum weight that an axle is designed to support safely. It is essential to ensure that the selected axle’s GAWR is sufficient to handle the anticipated weight of the loaded trailer and any additional cargo or passengers in the towing vehicle. Exceeding the GAWR can lead to axle failure, compromised handling, and safety risks.

Towing Capacity:

Check the towing capacity of your vehicle, which represents the maximum weight that the vehicle is rated to tow. The axle’s capacity should align with the towing capacity to ensure safe and efficient towing. Consider the type and size of the trailer you intend to tow, including its loaded weight, tongue weight, and any weight distribution considerations. The axle should be capable of handling the anticipated load without exceeding its capacity.

Matching Axle and Suspension:

The axle and suspension system work together to support the weight of the vehicle and the trailer being towed. It is important to ensure that the axle and suspension are properly matched to provide adequate support and stability. Consider the type of suspension (leaf springs, coil springs, air suspension) and the axle’s design (solid axle, independent suspension) to ensure compatibility and optimal towing performance.

Braking System:

When towing heavy loads, the braking system plays a critical role in maintaining control and safety. Ensure that the axle is equipped with appropriate brakes that can handle the increased load. Consider the type of brakes, such as electric brakes or hydraulic brakes, and their capacity to provide sufficient stopping power for the combined weight of the towing vehicle and trailer.

Weight Distribution:

Proper weight distribution is essential for safe towing. The axle should be selected based on the anticipated weight distribution between the towing vehicle and the trailer. Consider factors like tongue weight and the use of weight distribution hitches or sway control devices to ensure balanced weight distribution and optimal handling characteristics.

Consult Manufacturer Recommendations:

Always refer to the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations, specifications, and guidelines when selecting an axle for towing heavy loads. The manufacturer’s guidelines will provide accurate and vehicle-specific information to help you make the right choice. Consult the owner’s manual or contact the manufacturer directly for any specific towing-related recommendations.

It’s important to note that towing requirements and axle specifications can vary depending on the vehicle make and model, as well as regional regulations. It is advisable to consult with automotive experts, such as mechanics or dealerships, who have expertise in towing and can provide specific recommendations based on your vehicle and towing needs.

axle

What are the symptoms of a failing CV joint, and how does it relate to the axle?

A CV (constant velocity) joint is an essential component of the axle assembly in many vehicles. When a CV joint starts to fail, it can exhibit several symptoms that indicate potential problems. Here’s a detailed explanation of the symptoms of a failing CV joint and its relationship to the axle:

Symptoms of a Failing CV Joint:

1. Clicking or popping sounds: One of the most common signs of a failing CV joint is a clicking or popping sound when making turns. This noise usually occurs during tight turns and may indicate worn-out or damaged CV joint bearings.

2. Grease leakage: A failing CV joint may leak grease, which can be seen as dark-colored grease splattered around the CV joint or on the inside of the wheel. Grease leakage is typically caused by a cracked or damaged CV joint boot, which allows the lubricating grease to escape and contaminants to enter.

3. Excessive vibration: A worn-out CV joint can cause vibrations, especially during acceleration. The vibrations may be felt in the steering wheel, floorboards, or even the entire vehicle. These vibrations can become more noticeable as the CV joint deteriorates further.

4. Difficulty in turning: As the CV joint wears out, it may become difficult to turn the vehicle, especially at low speeds or when making sharp turns. This symptom is often accompanied by a clicking or popping sound.

5. Uneven tire wear: A failing CV joint can lead to uneven tire wear. If the CV joint is damaged or worn, it can cause the axle to wobble or vibrate, resulting in uneven tire tread wear. This can be observed by visually inspecting the tires and noticing uneven patterns of wear.

Relationship to the Axle:

The CV joint is an integral part of the axle assembly. It connects the transmission to the wheels and allows smooth power delivery to the wheels while accommodating the up-and-down motion of the suspension. The axle shaft is responsible for transmitting torque from the transmission to the CV joints and ultimately to the wheels.

Axles contain one or more CV joints, depending on the vehicle’s drivetrain configuration. In front-wheel drive vehicles, each front axle typically has two CV joints, one inner and one outer. Rear-wheel drive and all-wheel drive vehicles may have CV joints on both the front and rear axles.

The CV joint consists of a joint housing, bearings, and internal ball bearings or rollers. It is protected by a rubber or thermoplastic CV joint boot, which seals in the grease and protects the joint from contaminants. When the CV joint fails, it can affect the axle’s ability to transmit power smoothly and result in the symptoms mentioned above.

Regular inspection and maintenance of the CV joint and axle assembly are crucial to identify and address any issues promptly. If any of the symptoms mentioned earlier are observed, it is recommended to have the vehicle inspected by a qualified mechanic to determine the exact cause and perform necessary repairs or replacements.

axle

What are the signs of a worn or failing axle, and how can I troubleshoot axle issues?

Identifying the signs of a worn or failing axle is important for maintaining the safety and functionality of your vehicle. Here are some common signs to look out for and troubleshooting steps you can take to diagnose potential axle issues:

  1. Unusual Noises:
  2. If you hear clunking, clicking, or grinding noises coming from the area around the wheels, it could indicate a problem with the axle. These noises may occur during acceleration, deceleration, or when turning. Troubleshoot by listening carefully to the location and timing of the noises to help pinpoint the affected axle.

  3. Vibrations:
  4. A worn or failing axle can cause vibrations that can be felt through the steering wheel, floorboard, or seat. These vibrations may occur at certain speeds or during specific driving conditions. If you experience unusual vibrations, it’s important to investigate the cause, as it could be related to axle problems.

  5. Uneven Tire Wear:
  6. Inspect your tires for uneven wear patterns. Excessive wear on the inner or outer edges of the tires can be an indication of axle issues. Misaligned or damaged axles can cause the tires to tilt, leading to uneven tire wear. Regularly check your tires for signs of wear and take note of any abnormalities.

  7. Difficulty Steering:
  8. A worn or damaged axle can affect steering performance. If you experience difficulty in steering, such as stiffness, looseness, or a feeling of the vehicle pulling to one side, it may be due to axle problems. Pay attention to any changes in steering responsiveness and address them promptly.

  9. Visible Damage or Leaks:
  10. Inspect the axles visually for any signs of damage or leaks. Look for cracks, bends, or visible fluid leaks around the axle boots or seals. Damaged or leaking axles can lead to lubrication loss and accelerated wear. If you notice any visible issues, it’s important to have them inspected and repaired by a qualified mechanic.

  11. Professional Inspection:
  12. If you suspect axle issues but are unsure about the exact cause, it’s advisable to seek a professional inspection. A qualified mechanic can perform a thorough examination of the axles, suspension components, and related systems. They have the expertise and tools to diagnose axle problems accurately and recommend the appropriate repairs.

It’s important to note that troubleshooting axle issues can sometimes be challenging, as symptoms may overlap with other mechanical problems. If you’re uncertain about diagnosing or repairing axle issues on your own, it’s recommended to consult a professional mechanic. They can provide a proper diagnosis, ensure the correct repairs are performed, and help maintain the safety and performance of your vehicle.

China factory Robust Tractor Front Axle for 184 Model Tractors   axle alignment costChina factory Robust Tractor Front Axle for 184 Model Tractors   axle alignment cost
editor by CX 2024-02-17

China Custom Durable Rong Nan Drive Axle for 80-110HP Tractor Parts axle boot

Product Description

 

Product Information:

 

Product Description

Introducing the advanced technology of Italian Fiat wheel tractor, our product, manufactured by HangZhou City Rong Nan Machinery Manufacturing Co., Ltd., is designed to meet the reading habits of English-speaking natives. With its exceptional features and superior performance, this tractor is a must-have for any agricultural operation.

  • Implements advanced technology from Italian Fiat wheel tractor
  • Features middle-arranged type transmission shaft and swing type center swing pin
  • Internal structure includes middle reducer, differential, and final planet reducer for good rigidity
  • Utilizes roller bearing between the ending and the pin for light and efficient steering
  • Equipped with independent oil road and hydraulic pressure steering, allowing for a steering angle of up to 50°
  • Available with single cylinder or double cylinder
  • Machined using a machining center and special machine, with planetary reduction gear for gear grinding
  • All sealing parts are imported, ensuring no damaged assembly
  • Adaptable for 80-110ps four-wheel driving tractors

With our product, you can expect top-notch performance and durability. The middle-arranged type transmission shaft and swing type center swing pin provide excellent stability and maneuverability. The roller bearing ensures smooth and efficient steering, while the independent oil road and hydraulic pressure steering allow for precise control even in challenging terrains.

Whether you choose the single cylinder or double cylinder option, you can rely on the power and efficiency of our tractor. The machined construction using a machining center and special machine, along with the planetary reduction gear for gear grinding, guarantees optimal performance and longevity.

Rest assured, all sealing parts are imported to ensure a flawless assembly, eliminating any concerns of damage. Our tractor is adaptable for 80-110ps four-wheel driving tractors, making it a versatile choice for various agricultural applications.

Invest in our product and experience the difference it can make in your agricultural operations. Order now and enjoy the benefits of advanced technology and superior performance!

Technical Parameter:

Product Description

Introducing the Durable Rong Nan Drive Axle for 80-110HP Tractor Parts by HangZhou City Rong Nan Machinery Manufacturing Co., Ltd. This high-quality, reliable drive axle is designed to provide long-lasting performance for your tractor. With its heavy-duty construction and precise engineering, it ensures optimal functionality and durability. Upgrade your tractor’s drive system with the Rong Nan Drive Axle for improved performance and efficiency.

 

Performance parameter RN100 Front driving axle (904)
Driving ratio 16.125/21.125
Outline dimension 1930×630×400
Driving shaft front axle Middle-arranged driving shaft
 Input shaft parameter m=2.75  z=10  α=30°(m=2  z=14  α=30°)
Connection bolt between hub and spoke 8×M16×1.5
Distance between spokes (mm) 1773
The pressure of the hydraulic oil 10±0.5
load bearing (kN) 24.5
Net weight (KG) without oil 280
Oil Volume Middle (L) 7
Round edge (L) 1.5
Front
Axle
Position
Extroversion angle of front wheel
Introversion angle 7°30´
Retroverted angle
Fore tie (mm) 1~5
Steering method Fluid-link steering
Swing angle of the front axle 11°
 Maximum steering angle of front wheel 50°
Steering
Cylinder
Steering hydraulic cylinder type  Right rear\The left and right rear type
Diameter of steering hydraulic cylinder(mm) 55
Steering hydraulic cylinder quantity 1 or 2
Steering hydraulic cylinder travel(mm) 205

/* March 10, 2571 17:59:20 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Type: Axle
Certification: ISO9001
Driving System Parts: Front Axle
Transmission System Parts: Drive Axle
Color: Black
Model: 904
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle

What are the safety considerations when working with axles, especially during repairs?

Working with axles, especially during repairs, requires careful attention to safety to prevent accidents and injuries. Here are some important safety considerations to keep in mind when working with axles:

1. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE):

Wear appropriate personal protective equipment, including safety goggles, gloves, and steel-toed boots. PPE helps protect against potential hazards such as flying debris, sharp edges, and accidental contact with heavy components.

2. Vehicle Stability:

Ensure that the vehicle is on a stable and level surface before working on the axles. Engage the parking brake and use wheel chocks to prevent unintended vehicle movement. The stability of the vehicle is crucial to maintain a safe working environment.

3. Lifting and Support:

Use proper lifting equipment, such as hydraulic jacks or vehicle lifts, to raise the vehicle safely. Follow the manufacturer’s guidelines for lifting points and weight capacities. Once the vehicle is lifted, support it securely with jack stands or other appropriate supports to prevent it from falling or shifting during repairs.

4. Lockout/Tagout:

If the repair work involves disconnecting or removing any electrical or mechanical components that could cause the axle or wheels to move, follow lockout/tagout procedures. This involves locking and tagging out the power source, so it cannot be accidentally energized while work is being performed.

5. Proper Tools and Equipment:

Use the correct tools and equipment for the job. Using improper tools or makeshift methods can lead to accidents and damage to the axle or surrounding components. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions and recommended procedures for disassembling, repairing, and reassembling the axle.

6. Proper Torque and Tightening:

When reassembling the axle components, use a torque wrench to ensure that fasteners are tightened to the manufacturer’s specifications. Over-tightening or under-tightening can lead to component failure or damage. Follow the recommended torque values provided by the vehicle manufacturer.

7. Safe Handling of Heavy Components:

Axle components can be heavy and cumbersome. Use appropriate lifting techniques and equipment, such as hoists or lifting straps, to safely handle heavy axle parts. Avoid lifting heavy components alone whenever possible and ask for assistance when needed.

8. Proper Disposal of Fluids and Waste:

If the repair involves draining fluids from the axle, such as differential oil, ensure proper disposal according to local regulations. Use appropriate containers to collect and store fluids and dispose of them at authorized collection points.

9. Training and Experience:

Working with axles requires knowledge and experience. If you are unfamiliar with axle repairs, consider seeking assistance from a qualified mechanic or technician who has the necessary training and expertise. If you decide to perform the repairs yourself, ensure that you have the appropriate knowledge and skills to carry out the task safely.

By following these safety considerations, you can help minimize the risk of accidents, injuries, and damage when working with axles, ensuring a safe working environment for yourself and others involved in the repair process.

axle

What is the difference between front and rear axles in a typical vehicle?

In a typical vehicle, there are distinct differences between the front and rear axles due to their respective roles and functions. Here are the key differences:

  1. Position:
  2. The main difference between the front and rear axles is their position in the vehicle. The front axle is located in the front of the vehicle, while the rear axle is positioned at the rear. This positioning is determined by the vehicle’s drivetrain configuration.

  3. Steering:
  4. The front axle is responsible for steering the vehicle. It is connected to the steering system, allowing the driver to control the direction of the vehicle. The front axle typically includes components such as steering knuckles, tie rods, and steering linkages.

  5. Driving:
  6. The rear axle is primarily responsible for driving the vehicle’s wheels. It receives power from the engine through the transmission or differential and transfers that power to the rear wheels. The rear axle may include components such as axle shafts, differential gears, and wheel hubs.

  7. Suspension:
  8. Both the front and rear axles play a role in the vehicle’s suspension system, but their configurations and functions differ. The front axle typically incorporates suspension components such as control arms, struts, or independent suspension systems to provide better handling, stability, and ride comfort. The rear axle may have a solid axle setup or independent suspension depending on the vehicle’s design.

  9. Load Distribution:
  10. The load distribution on the front and rear axles varies. In a typical vehicle, the front axle carries the weight of the engine, transmission, and a portion of the vehicle’s weight due to the front-end weight bias. The rear axle bears the weight of the vehicle’s occupants, cargo, and a portion of the vehicle’s weight. This distribution helps maintain proper balance and stability during acceleration, braking, and cornering.

  11. Driving Characteristics:
  12. The differences between the front and rear axles can influence the vehicle’s driving characteristics. The front axle’s role in steering affects the vehicle’s maneuverability and responsiveness. The rear axle’s responsibility for driving the wheels affects traction, acceleration, and stability, particularly in rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive vehicles.

It’s important to note that the specific configurations and characteristics of front and rear axles can vary depending on the vehicle’s make, model, and drivetrain system. Different types of vehicles, such as front-wheel drive, rear-wheel drive, or all-wheel drive, may have variations in axle design and functionality.

Understanding the differences between the front and rear axles is essential for proper maintenance, repairs, and modifications of the vehicle’s drivetrain and suspension systems. If you have specific questions about your vehicle’s axles, it’s recommended to consult your vehicle’s owner’s manual or seek advice from qualified mechanics or automotive professionals.

axle

What are the signs of a worn or failing axle, and how can I troubleshoot axle issues?

Identifying the signs of a worn or failing axle is important for maintaining the safety and functionality of your vehicle. Here are some common signs to look out for and troubleshooting steps you can take to diagnose potential axle issues:

  1. Unusual Noises:
  2. If you hear clunking, clicking, or grinding noises coming from the area around the wheels, it could indicate a problem with the axle. These noises may occur during acceleration, deceleration, or when turning. Troubleshoot by listening carefully to the location and timing of the noises to help pinpoint the affected axle.

  3. Vibrations:
  4. A worn or failing axle can cause vibrations that can be felt through the steering wheel, floorboard, or seat. These vibrations may occur at certain speeds or during specific driving conditions. If you experience unusual vibrations, it’s important to investigate the cause, as it could be related to axle problems.

  5. Uneven Tire Wear:
  6. Inspect your tires for uneven wear patterns. Excessive wear on the inner or outer edges of the tires can be an indication of axle issues. Misaligned or damaged axles can cause the tires to tilt, leading to uneven tire wear. Regularly check your tires for signs of wear and take note of any abnormalities.

  7. Difficulty Steering:
  8. A worn or damaged axle can affect steering performance. If you experience difficulty in steering, such as stiffness, looseness, or a feeling of the vehicle pulling to one side, it may be due to axle problems. Pay attention to any changes in steering responsiveness and address them promptly.

  9. Visible Damage or Leaks:
  10. Inspect the axles visually for any signs of damage or leaks. Look for cracks, bends, or visible fluid leaks around the axle boots or seals. Damaged or leaking axles can lead to lubrication loss and accelerated wear. If you notice any visible issues, it’s important to have them inspected and repaired by a qualified mechanic.

  11. Professional Inspection:
  12. If you suspect axle issues but are unsure about the exact cause, it’s advisable to seek a professional inspection. A qualified mechanic can perform a thorough examination of the axles, suspension components, and related systems. They have the expertise and tools to diagnose axle problems accurately and recommend the appropriate repairs.

It’s important to note that troubleshooting axle issues can sometimes be challenging, as symptoms may overlap with other mechanical problems. If you’re uncertain about diagnosing or repairing axle issues on your own, it’s recommended to consult a professional mechanic. They can provide a proper diagnosis, ensure the correct repairs are performed, and help maintain the safety and performance of your vehicle.

China Custom Durable Rong Nan Drive Axle for 80-110HP Tractor Parts   axle bootChina Custom Durable Rong Nan Drive Axle for 80-110HP Tractor Parts   axle boot
editor by CX 2024-02-15

China factory Tractor Parts Yoke Shaft for Farm Implement near me factory

Product Description

Tractor parts yoke shaft for farm implement
1. Tubes or Pipes
We’ve already got Triangular profile tube and Lemon profile tube for all the series we provide.
And we have some star tube, splined tube and other profile tubes required by our customers (for a certain series). (Please notice that our catalog doesnt contain all the items we produce)
If you want tubes other than triangular or lemon, please provide drawings or pictures.

2.End yokes
We’ve got several types of quick release yokes and plain bore yoke. I will suggest the usual type for your reference.
You can also send drawings or pictures to us if you cannot find your item in our catalog.

3. Safety devices or clutches
I will attach the details of safety devices for your reference. We’ve already have Free wheel (RA), Ratchet torque limiter(SA), Shear bolt torque limiter(SB), 3types of friction torque limiter (FF,FFS,FCS) and overrunning couplers(adapters) (FAS).

4.For any other more special requirements with plastic guard, connection method, color of painting, package, etc., please feel free to let me know.

Features: 
1. We have been specialized in designing, manufacturing drive shaft, steering coupler shaft, universal joints, which have exported to the USA, Europe, Australia etc for years 
2. Application to all kinds of general mechanical situation 
3. Our products are of high intensity and rigidity. 
4. Heat resistant & Acid resistant 
5. OEM orders are welcomed

Our factory is a leading manufacturer of PTO shaft yoke and universal joint.

We manufacture high quality PTO yokes for various vehicles, construction machinery and equipment. All products are constructed with rotating lighter.

We are currently exporting our products throughout the world, especially to North America, South America, Europe, and Russia. If you are interested in any item, please do not hesitate to contact us. We are looking forward to becoming your suppliers in the near future.

 

Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between 2 rotating shafts. It consists of 2 parts – a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.
splineshaft

Modeling a spline coupling

Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify 1 specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the 2 spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the 2 splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You’ll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on 1 spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you’ll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.

Creating a spline coupling model 20

The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20’s geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click “Next” to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.
splineshaft

Analysing a spline coupling model 20

An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to 4 different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are 2 phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.
splineshaft

Misalignment of a spline coupling

A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered 2 levels of misalignment – 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm – with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.

China factory Tractor Parts Yoke Shaft for Farm Implement     near me factory China factory Tractor Parts Yoke Shaft for Farm Implement     near me factory

China Custom Pto Shaft Yokes for Tractor with Great quality

Product Description

pto shaft yokes for tractor

 

1.High quality

2.CNC machine with strick tolerance

3.Professional shaft manufacturer

4.Acid resistant

  

 

Using Auto part, machine, transmission system, steering system
Structure            Shaft with universal joints
Materials Steel, stainless steel, alloy steel
Treatment drill, mill, wire-electrode cutting, weld, heat treatment
Surface

Coated or natural

business sphere all kinds drive shafts, steering shaft, universal joints can be custom made

Features:
    1. We have been specialized in designing, manufacturing drive shaft, steering coupler shaft, universal joints, which have exported to the USA, Europe, Australia etc for years  
    2.  Application to all kinds of general mechanical situation
    3.  Our products are of high intensity and rigidity.
    4.  Heat resistant & Acid resistant
    5. OEM orders are welcomed

 

 

1. Power or torque related to alternating load you require.
 

 

 

Power-rating

size

540 r.p.m.

1000 r.p.m.

torque [Nm]

power [CV]

torque [Nm]

power [CV]

series 1

210

16

170

24

series 2

280

21

230

32

series 3

400

30

320

45

series 4

460

35

380

53

series 5

620

47

500

70

series 6

830

64

690

98

series 7

980

75

800

113

series 8

1240

95

1000

140

 

 

 

2.Cross journal(Universal joint) size which decides torque of a PTO Shaft:
 

 

 

Cross journal  size

Ref.

A                           mm

B                         mm

Series 1

1.01.01

54

22

Series 2

2.01.01

61.3

23.8

Series 3

3.01.01

70

27

Series 4

4.01.01

74.6

27

Series 5

5.01.01

80

30.2

Series 6

6.01.01

92

30.2

Series 7N

7N.01.01

94

35

Series 7

7.01.01

106.5

30.2

Series 8

8.01.01

106.5

35

 

3 Closed overall length (or cross to cross) of a PTO shaft.

 

 

 

4 Tubes or Pipes

 

We’ve already got Triangular profile tube and Lemon profile tube for all the series we provide.

 

And we have some star tube, splined tube and other profile tubes required by our customers (for a certain series). (Please notice that our catalog doesnt contain all the items we produce)

 

If you want tubes other than triangular or lemon, please provide drawings or pictures.

 

 

 

5 End yokes

 

We’ve got several types of quick release yokes and plain bore yoke. I will suggest the usual type for your reference.

 

You can also send drawings or pictures to us if you cannot find your item in our catalog.

 

 

 

6 Safety devices or clutches

 

I will attach the details of safety devices for your reference. We’ve already have Free wheel (RA), Ratchet torque limiter(SA), Shear bolt torque limiter(SB), 3types of friction torque limiter (FF,FFS,FCS) and overrunning couplers(adapters) (FAS).

 

 

 

7 For any other more special requirements with plastic guard, connection method, color of painting, package, etc., please feel free to let me know.

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

China Custom Pto Shaft Yokes for Tractor     with Great qualityChina Custom Pto Shaft Yokes for Tractor     with Great quality