Tag Archives: design screw

China Good quality Motor Seat Integral Servo Stepping Motor Fixed Ball Screw Drive Bearing Seat with Free Design Custom

Product Description


Automatic ball screw equipped with equipment motor seat

The ball screw assembly consists of a ball screw nut and a support seat at both ends of the rod. Its function is to convert rotating motion into straight motion or straight motion into rotating motion. Ball screws are widely used in various industrial equipment and precision instruments.
Ball screw accessories can also be purchased in our shop, or directly consult online customer service to help you buy







Company Profile

ZHangZhoug HangZhou KaiYaDe bearing co., LTD. Is a have many years experience of linear motion products professional manufacturers. We specialized in the production of straight axis, linear guide, ball screw, linear bearings, linear guide, ball screw end support, linear guide, CAM follower and of good quality and competitive price. My company is located in HangZhou city, zHangZhoug province, close to HangZhou port and HangZhou city.

Our Advantages





1. Are you a factory or trading company?

We are the most competitive price and high quality professional manufacturers, has 12 years of experience.
2. What is your product range?
Specializing in the production of straight axis, linear bearings, linear guide, linear guide, ball screw, linear motion unit such as CAM follower.
3. Do you provide OEM&ODM service?
B: yes. Welcome OEM, ODM
4. How can I get some samples?
We are very honored to provide samples. You need to pay the freight and some sample fee.
5. How is the quality control of your factory?
We uphold the tenet of “quality is the future”, we have passed CE certification, we have strict quality control procedures.
6. How can I get quotation?
You can send below quotation or send email to us. You can contact us directly by TM or WhatsApp and Skype as you like. If you have an emergency, please call us at any time.


The Benefits of Spline Couplings for Disc Brake Mounting Interfaces

Spline couplings are commonly used for securing disc brake mounting interfaces. Spline couplings are often used in high-performance vehicles, aeronautics, and many other applications. However, the mechanical benefits of splines are not immediately obvious. Listed below are the benefits of spline couplings. We’ll discuss what these advantages mean for you. Read on to discover how these couplings work.

Disc brake mounting interfaces are splined

There are 2 common disc brake mounting interfaces – splined and six-bolt. Splined rotors fit on splined hubs; six-bolt rotors will need an adapter to fit on six-bolt hubs. The six-bolt method is easier to maintain and may be preferred by many cyclists. If you’re thinking of installing a disc brake system, it is important to know how to choose the right splined and center lock interfaces.

Aerospace applications

The splines used for spline coupling in aircraft are highly complex. While some previous researches have addressed the design of splines, few publications have tackled the problem of misaligned spline coupling. Nevertheless, the accurate results we obtained were obtained using dedicated simulation tools, which are not commercially available. Nevertheless, such tools can provide a useful reference for our approach. It would be beneficial if designers could use simple tools for evaluating contact pressure peaks. Our analytical approach makes it possible to find answers to such questions.
The design of a spline coupling for aerospace applications must be accurate to minimize weight and prevent failure mechanisms. In addition to weight reduction, it is necessary to minimize fretting fatigue. The pressure distribution on the spline coupling teeth is a significant factor in determining its fretting fatigue. Therefore, we use analytical and experimental methods to examine the contact pressure distribution in the axial direction of spline couplings.
The teeth of a spline coupling can be categorized by the type of engagement they provide. This study investigates the position of resultant contact forces in the teeth of a spline coupling when applied to pitch diameter. Using FEM models, numerical results are generated for nominal and parallel offset misalignments. The axial tooth profile determines the behavior of the coupling component and its ability to resist wear. Angular misalignment is also a concern, causing misalignment.
In order to assess wear damage of a spline coupling, we must take into consideration the impact of fretting on the components. This wear is caused by relative motion between the teeth that engage them. The misalignment may be caused by vibrations, cyclical tooth deflection, or angular misalignment. The result of this analysis may help designers improve their spline coupling designs and develop improved performance.
CZPT polyimide, an abrasion-resistant polymer, is a popular choice for high-temperature spline couplings. This material reduces friction and wear, provides a low friction surface, and has a low wear rate. Furthermore, it offers up to 50 times the life of metal on metal spline connections. For these reasons, it is important to choose the right material for your spline coupling.

High-performance vehicles

A spline coupler is a device used to connect splined shafts. A typical spline coupler resembles a short pipe with splines on either end. There are 2 basic types of spline coupling: single and dual spline. One type attaches to a drive shaft, while the other attaches to the gearbox. While spline couplings are typically used in racing, they’re also used for performance problems.
The key challenge in spline couplings is to determine the optimal dimension of spline joints. This is difficult because no commercial codes allow the simulation of misaligned joints, which can destroy components. This article presents analytical approaches to estimating contact pressures in spline connections. The results are comparable with numerical approaches but require special codes to accurately model the coupling operation. This research highlights several important issues and aims to make the application of spline couplings in high-performance vehicles easier.
The stiffness of spline assemblies can be calculated using tooth-like structures. Such splines can be incorporated into the spline joint to produce global stiffness for torsional vibration analysis. Bearing reactions are calculated for a certain level of misalignment. This information can be used to design bearing dimensions and correct misalignment. There are 3 types of spline couplings.
Major diameter fit splines are made with tightly controlled outside diameters. This close fit provides concentricity transfer from the male to the female spline. The teeth of the male spline usually have chamfered tips and clearance with fillet radii. These splines are often manufactured from billet steel or aluminum. These materials are renowned for their strength and uniform grain created by the forging process. ANSI and DIN design manuals define classes of fit.

Disc brake mounting interfaces

A spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces is a type of hub-to-brake-disc mount. It is a highly durable coupling mechanism that reduces heat transfer from the disc to the axle hub. The mounting arrangement also isolates the axle hub from direct contact with the disc. It is also designed to minimize the amount of vehicle downtime and maintenance required to maintain proper alignment.
Disc brakes typically have substantial metal-to-metal contact with axle hub splines. The discs are held in place on the hub by intermediate inserts. This metal-to-metal contact also aids in the transfer of brake heat from the brake disc to the axle hub. Spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces comprises a mounting ring that is either a threaded or non-threaded spline.
During drag brake experiments, perforated friction blocks filled with various additive materials are introduced. The materials included include Cu-based powder metallurgy material, a composite material, and a Mn-Cu damping alloy. The filling material affects the braking interface’s wear behavior and friction-induced vibration characteristics. Different filling materials produce different types of wear debris and have different wear evolutions. They also differ in their surface morphology.
Disc brake couplings are usually made of 2 different types. The plain and HD versions are interchangeable. The plain version is the simplest to install, while the HD version has multiple components. The two-piece couplings are often installed at the same time, but with different mounting interfaces. You should make sure to purchase the appropriate coupling for your vehicle. These interfaces are a vital component of your vehicle and must be installed correctly for proper operation.
Disc brakes use disc-to-hub elements that help locate the forces and displace them to the rim. These elements are typically made of stainless steel, which increases the cost of manufacturing the disc brake mounting interface. Despite their benefits, however, the high braking force loads they endure are hard on the materials. Moreover, excessive heat transferred to the intermediate elements can adversely affect the fatigue life and long-term strength of the brake system.

China Good quality Motor Seat Integral Servo Stepping Motor Fixed Ball Screw Drive Bearing Seat     with Free Design CustomChina Good quality Motor Seat Integral Servo Stepping Motor Fixed Ball Screw Drive Bearing Seat     with Free Design Custom

China Professional China Sand Screw Conveyor Price with Free Design Custom

Product Description

LS Screw Conveyor

Screw Conveyor is the essential equipment of dry mortar mixer plant ,concrete mixing plant,which plays important role in the product line.It is suitable for all industries such as building material, chemical industry, power industry, metallurgy, coal industry and CZPT industry and for horizontal or tilted transportation for powdery, granular and small lump materials such as coal, dust, residue, cement and CZPT which their temperature is less than 200ºC. Screw conveyor is not suitable for materials with perishable, big viscosity and easily caked.

Working Principles :

The motor drives the helical blades by driving reducer in a close steel pipe, to deliver powder and CZPT (cement, fly ash etc) continuously and discontinuously.

Main Components of Screw Conveyor:

Motor, reducer, outer pipe, screw mandrel, middle-hoist bearing, tail bearing, universal joint, charging door flange.Which has the characters of compact design, low noise, good seal and convenient for layout.

Main Technical Specification:
1.Type: Named by the diameter of outer pipe. Larger in diameter, larger in delivery volume.
2.Delivery length (L): Distance between charging door and discharging door, namely the itinerary that materials go through in the conveyor pipe.
3.Delivery angle: Angle between screw conveyor and horizontal plane. The bigger the angle, the fewer volume the conveyor can delivery at the same condition.
4.Delivery volume: delivery capacity per hour, T/H.
5.Connection of charging: Connected by universal ball joint, convenient for adjusting when installation.

Model Screw diameter Screw pitch n—rotation speed(r/min), allowable deviation<10%
Q—volume(m3/h), fill-factor=0.33
(mm) (mm) n Q n Q n Q n Q
LS160 160 112 112 8 90 7 71 6 50 4
LS200 200 100 100 14 80 12 63 10 50 7
LS250 250 90 90 24 71 20 56 16 45 13
LS315 315 80 80 34 63 26 50 21 40 16
LS400 355 71 71 64 56 52 45 41 36 34
LS500 400 63 63 100 50 80 40 64 32 52
LS630 450 50 50 145 40 116 32 94 25 80
LS800 500 40 40 208 32 165 25 130 20 110
LS1000 600 32 32 300 25 230 20 180 16 150

Features of Screw Conveyor:
A) High quality motor and gear box, with heavy duty design, large torque and low noise.
B) outside tube complete with 1 inlet, 1 outlet, end flange, ball joint , inspection window. 
C) standard fitting parts, middle bearing, end bearing, spline shaft coupling. 
D) Lifting eyes on each tube section, convenient for transport and installation.
E) small diameter, great efficiency, high throughout rates.
Photos of Screw Conveyor:

Why Choose Us?
1. Quality Price
We have been in this field over 20 years, so we have great advantage in good quality with competitive price.
2. Test
Top production test equipment and production equipment to guarantee the product quality.Our product can totally meet SGS, BV, CIQ etc. test.
Wooden Box Package with fit for sea ship .
4. Transport
The products can be transported by big shipping company, we buy Insurance Policy for every client.
5. Service
We offer specialized logistic service including export declaration,customs clearance and every detail during shipment. This makes us CZPT to offer you one-stop service from the order to the products transported to your hand.

 FAQ of Screw Conveyor

1: What is the condition to provide a correct offer ?
Kindly provide the filling material size ,density and capacity ,then we will offer it accordingly.
2: What is your acceptable payment term?
L/C,T/T,Western Union.
3: How about the validity of the offer?
Usually our offer is valid for 1 month. However, validity might vary between different products.
4: What documents you provide?
Usually, we provide Commercial Invoice, Packing List, Bill of lading,   and Origin Certificate. Please let us know if you need additional documents.
5: What is loading port?
Usually loading port is HangZhou port, besides, ZheJiang Port, HangZhou Port is totally no problem for us, and also we can ship from other ports as your requirement .


The Functions of Splined Shaft Bearings

Splined shafts are the most common types of bearings for machine tools. They are made of a wide variety of materials, including metals and non-metals such as Delrin and nylon. They are often fabricated to reduce deflection. The tooth profile will become deformed with time, as the shaft is used over a long period of time. Splined shafts are available in a huge range of materials and lengths.


Splined shafts are used in a variety of applications and industries. They are an effective anti-rotational device, as well as a reliable means of transmitting torque. Other types of shafts are available, including key shafts, but splines are the most convenient for transmitting torque. The following article discusses the functions of splines and why they are a superior choice. Listed below are a few examples of applications and industries in which splines are used.
Splined shafts can be of several styles, depending on the application and mechanical system in question. The differences between splined shaft styles include the design of teeth, overall strength, transfer of rotational concentricity, sliding ability, and misalignment tolerance. Listed below are a few examples of splines, as well as some of their benefits. The difference between these styles is not mutually exclusive; instead, each style has a distinct set of pros and cons.
A splined shaft is a cylindrical shaft with teeth or ridges that correspond to a specific angular position. This allows a shaft to transfer torque while maintaining angular correspondence between tracks. A splined shaft is defined as a cylindrical member with several grooves cut into its circumference. These grooves are equally spaced around the shaft and form a series of projecting keys. These features give the shaft a rounded appearance and allow it to fit perfectly into a grooved cylindrical member.
While the most common applications of splines are for shortening or extending shafts, they can also be used to secure mechanical assemblies. An “involute spline” spline has a groove that is wider than its counterparts. The result is that a splined shaft will resist separation during operation. They are an ideal choice for applications where deflection is an issue.
A spline shaft’s radial torsion load distribution is equally distributed, unless a bevel gear is used. The radial torsion load is evenly distributed and will not exert significant load concentration. If the spline couplings are not aligned correctly, the spline connection can fail quickly, causing significant fretting fatigue and wear. A couple of papers discuss this issue in more detail.


There are many different types of splined shafts. Each type features an evenly spaced helix of grooves on its outer surface. These grooves are either parallel or involute. Their shape allows them to be paired with gears and interchange rotary and linear motion. Splines are often cold-rolled or cut. The latter has increased strength compared to cut spines. These types of shafts are commonly used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smoothness.
Another difference between internal and external splined shafts lies in the manufacturing process. The former is made of wood, while the latter is made of steel or a metal alloy. The process of manufacturing splined shafts involves cutting furrows into the surface of the material. Both processes are expensive and require expert skill. The main advantage of splined shafts is their adaptability to a wide range of applications.
In general, splined shafts are used in machinery where the rotation is transferred to an internal splined member. This member can be a gear or some other rotary device. These types of shafts are often packaged together as a hub assembly. Cleaning and lubricating are essential to the life of these components. If you’re using them on a daily basis, you’ll want to make sure to regularly inspect them.
Crowned splines are usually involute. The teeth of these splines form a spiral pattern. They are used for smaller diameter shafts because they add strength. Involute splines are also used on instrument drives and valve shafts. Serration standards are found in the SAE. Both kinds of splines can also contain a ball bearing for high torque. The difference between the 2 types of splines is the number of teeth on the shaft.
Internal splines have many advantages over external ones. For example, an internal spline shaft can be made using a grinding wheel instead of a CNC machine. It also uses a more accurate and economical process. Furthermore, it allows for a shorter manufacturing cycle, which is essential when splining high-speed machines. In addition, it stabilizes the relative phase between the spline and thread.

Manufacturing methods

There are several methods used to fabricate a splined shaft. Key and splined shafts are constructed from 2 separate parts that are shaped in a synchronized manner to transfer torque uniformly. Hot rolling is 1 method, while cold rolling utilizes low temperatures to form metal. Both methods enhance mechanical properties, surface finishes, and precision. The advantage of cold rolling is its cost-effectiveness.
Cold forming is 1 method, as well as machining and assembling. Cold forming is a unique process that allows the spline to be shaped to the desired shape. The resulting shape provides maximum contact area and torsional strength. Standard splines are available in standard sizes, but custom lengths can also be ordered. CZPT offers various auxiliary equipment, such as mating sleeves and flanged bushings.
Cold forging is another method. This method produces long splined shafts that are used in automobile propellers. After the spline portion is cut out, it is worked on in a hobbing machine. Work hardening enhances the root strength of the splined portion. It can be used for bearings, gears, and other mechanical components. Listed below are the manufacturing methods for splined shafts.
Parallel splines are the simplest of the splined shaft manufacturing methods. Parallel splines are usually welded to shafts, while involute splines are made of metal or non-metals. Splines are available in a wide variety of lengths and materials. The process is usually accompanied by a process called milling. The workpiece rotates to produce the serrated surface.
Splines are internal or external grooves in a splined shaft. They work in combination with keyways to transfer torque. Male and female splines are used in gears. Female and male splines correspond to 1 another to ensure proper angular correspondence. Involute splines have more surface area and thus are stronger than external splines. Moreover, they help the shaft fit into a grooved cylindrical member without misalignment.
A variety of other methods of manufacturing a splined shaft can be used to produce a splined shaft. Spline shafts can be produced using broaching and shaping, 2 precision machining methods. Broaching uses a metal tool with successively larger teeth to remove metal and create ridges and holes in the surface of a material. However, this process is expensive and requires special expertise.


The splined shaft is a mechanical component with a helix-like shape formed by the equal spacing of grooves in a circular ring. The splines can either have parallel or involute sides. The splines minimize stress concentration in stationary joints and can be used in both rotary and linear motion. In some cases, splines are rolled rather than cut. The latter is more durable than cut splines and is often used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smooth finish.
Splined shafts are commonly made of carbon steel. This alloy steel has a low carbon content, making it easy to work with. Carbon steel is a great choice for splines because it is malleable. Generally, high-quality carbon steel provides a consistent motion. Steel alloys are also available that contain nickel, chromium, copper, and other metals. If you’re unsure of the right material for your application, you can consult a spline chart.
Splines are a versatile mechanical component. They are easy to cut and fit. Splines can be internal or external, with teeth positioned at equal intervals on both sides of the shaft. This allows the shaft to engage with the hub around the entire circumference of the hub. It also increases load capacity by creating a constant multiple-tooth point of contact with the hub. For this reason, they’re used extensively in rotary and linear motion.
Splined shafts are used in a wide variety of industries. CZPT Inc. offers custom and standard splined shafts for a variety of applications. When choosing a splined shaft for a specific application, consider the surrounding mated components, torque requirements, and size requirements. These 3 factors will make it the ideal choice for your rotary equipment. And you’ll be pleased with the end result!
There are many types of splines and their applications are endless. They transfer torque and angular misalignment between parts, and they also enable the axial rotation of assembled components. Therefore, splines are an essential component of machinery and are used in a wide range of applications. This type of shaft can be found in various types of machines, from household appliances to industrial machinery. So, the next time you’re looking for a splined shaft, make sure you look for a splined one.

China Professional China Sand Screw Conveyor Price     with Free Design CustomChina Professional China Sand Screw Conveyor Price     with Free Design Custom

China OEM CZPT Linear Ball Screw with Flange Nut for Band-Sawing Machine with Free Design Custom

Product Description

Toco Linear Ball Screw with Flange Nut for Band-Sawing Machine

Ball screw assembly consists of screw, nut, end support unit and coupling, the function is to convert rotary motion into linear motion, or convert linear motion into rotary motion. Because of the high stiffness and accuracy, ball screw is widely used for all kinds of industrial equipments and precise instruments.

Product ball screw
Model SFI  DFI
Dia 16 , 20, 25, 32, 40, 50, 63, 80mm
Lead 4, 5, 10mm
Accuracy C7 (0.05/E300mm), C5 (0.571/E300mm)
Nut style single or double
End pocessing according to customer’s drawing
Delivery time 5~7 days for sample, 15~30 days for the bulk

1. Automatic controlling machine
2. Semi-conductor industry
3. General industry machinery
4. Medical equipment
5. Solar energy equipment
6. Machine tool
7. Parking system
8. High-speed rail and aviation transportation equipment, etc.

Model list

Detailed pictures

Company information
HangZhou CZPT Transmission Machinery Co., Ltd, is a specialized manufacturer in linear motion products in China,
which was established in 1999. Based on the strong technical strength, outstanding quality and high capacity, we
have a good reputation both in China and abroad, and now we have many customers all over the world. Our main
products are ball screw, ball spline, linear guide, linear bearing, mono stage, machine tool spindle, ball screw support
unit and locknut. You may find more information on our website at www.toco.tw.


· Linear motion products manufacturer.

· 8 categories of products used in a wide range of applications.

· Honest to customers, responsible for products quality.

· Low MOQ with direct factory price. 

· Short delivery time.

· Good after-sale service policy.

Our service
1. Help customer to choose correct model, with CAD & PDF drawing for your reference.
2. Professional sales team, make your purchase smooth.
3. During warranty period, any quality problem of CZPT product,
    once confirmed, we will send you a new 1 to replace.

Package & Shipping
1.Package: Carton or wooden case
2.Delivery time: 15 days after receiving the deposit
3.Shipping: by express (DHL, TNT, FedEx, etc.) or by sea


1.Q: What`s the product range?
   A: We mainly produce ball screw, ball spline, linear guide, linear bearing, mono stage, machine tool spindle,
        ball screw support unit and locknut.

2.Q: What payment method do you accept?
   A: We accept T/T, L/C, D/P, WesternUnion.

3.Q: What’s the delivery time? 
   A: It’s subject to your order quantity and our production schedule, usually 7-15 days after receiving the deposit.

4.Q: What’s your guarantee peroid?
   A: CZPT provides 1 year quality guarantee for the products from your purchase date, except the artificial damage.

Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between 2 rotating shafts. It consists of 2 parts – a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.

Modeling a spline coupling

Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify 1 specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the 2 spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the 2 splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You’ll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on 1 spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you’ll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.

Creating a spline coupling model 20

The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20’s geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click “Next” to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.

Analysing a spline coupling model 20

An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to 4 different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are 2 phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.

Misalignment of a spline coupling

A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered 2 levels of misalignment – 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm – with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.

China OEM CZPT Linear Ball Screw with Flange Nut for Band-Sawing Machine     with Free Design CustomChina OEM CZPT Linear Ball Screw with Flange Nut for Band-Sawing Machine     with Free Design Custom

China manufacturer Industrial CZPT Auger Spiral Flexible Screw Elevator Conveyor with Free Design Custom

Product Description


Industrial Pipe Auger Spiral Flexible Screw Elevator/Conveyor is bulk material handling equipment, which usually consists of a tube containing either a spiral blade coiled around a shaft (sometimes called an auger), driven at 1 end and held at the other. The main parts include tube, shaft with spiral blades, inlet and outlet chutes, as well as driving device.
The closed pipe-type screw conveyor is a pipe with a shaft inside with welded screw blades and passive bearing. The screw’s blades have different pitch which depends on the type of the transported raw material and the planned capacity. This type of conveyor is closed, which means that the screw cannot be accessed directly. Due to the closed structure, the transported raw material does not spill outside the machine during transport.
The machine can be equipped with a pull screw. In this version, the drive unit is located in the direction of the raw material feeding. Some screw conveyors are equipped with push screws with gear motor installed on the feeding side. The screw conveyor is fitted with an initial or end bearing. Depending on the type of transported raw material, slide or bearing rests are installed.
Horizontal screw conveyor has the advantages of sealed operation, simple structure. screw conveyor suitable for conveying powdery, granular and small bulk materials horizontally or aslope, such as coal, ash, slag, cement, food, etc. screw conveyor is an new transportation equipment.


Simple structure, good sealing, large capacity, long service life
Convenient installation and maintenance, as well as easy operation.
Working temperature is -20~50ºC, with material temperature below 200 ºC.
Suitable for horizontal and slightly inclined transport of powdery, granular and small lump materials, such as coal, ash, clinker, cement, grain, etc.
Widely used in construction, chemical, power, metallurgy, coal and CZPT industries, etc.


Industrial pipe auger spiral flexible screw elevator/conveyor for sugar, flour, coffee, powder is widely used in chemical, metallurgy, paper making, and construction industries. The equipment is mainly suitable for field flowing work, such as concrete mixing station, bulk material transit storage, etc. 

AdvantagePerformance and Features:

It can be sealed to prevent the escape of dust or fumes from inside the conveyor; or prevent dust contamination from outside the conveyor.
It can be used to control the flow of material in processing operations which depend upon accurate batching
It can be utilized in the horizontal, vertical or any inclined position depending upon the characteristics of the product being conveyed.
It can be used as a mixer or agitator to blend dry or fluid ingredients, provide crystallization or coagulant action, or maintain solutions in suspension.
Screw conveyors can have multiple conveyor outlets, making discharge to multiple outlets cost effective.
It can be jacketed to serve as a drier or cooler by running hot or cold water through the jacket.
It can be made out of a variety of materials to resist corrosion, abrasion or heat, depending upon the product being conveyed.
It can be outfitted with multiple inlet and discharge points.

Working Principle:

The screw conveyor consists of power device, gear box, coupling, screw axis and hanging bearing. The screw axis is made of several sections which connected with spline. Hence, the conveyor hold large load capacity and convenient to dismounting. It is open a besel on the casing to ensure a safe operation.
The material moves along the spiral within the tube. The unique action of the flexible spiral conveyor eliminates the risk of the product separation that can take place in conventional pneumatic conveying systems where mixed materials have components of different densities and particle size.
Information Needed For The Quotation
Primary considerations for the selection of a screw conveyor are as follow:
Type and condition of the materials to be handled, including maximum particle size, and, if available, the specific bulk density of the material to be conveyed.
Quantity of transported material, expressed in pounds or tons per hour.
The distance for which the material is to be conveyed.
Below is the necessary information for the selection of a screw conveyor system, presented in a series of 5 steps. These steps are arranged in logical order, and are divided into separate sections for simplicity.The 5 steps are:
Establishing the characteristics of the material to be conveyed.
Locating conveyor capacity (conveyor size and speed) on capacity tables.
Selection of conveyor components.
Calculation of required horsepower.
Checking of components torque capacities (including selection of shaft types and sizes)

General Inspection:
Routine periodic inspection of the entire conveyor must be established to ensure continuous maximum operating performance. Keep the area around the conveyor and its drive clean and free of obstacles to provide easy access and avoid functional interference of components.
Power Lock Out:
Lock out power to the motor before attempting any maintenance. Use a padlock and tag on the drive’s controls. Do not remove padlock or tag, nor operate conveyor, until all covers and guards are securely in place.
Removing Screw Sections:
Screw sections are typically removed starting with the end opposite the drive when necessary. Remove trough end, screw sections, coupling shafts, and hangers until damaged or worn section is removed. Reassemble conveyor in reverse order.
Coupling Bolts:
Periodically remove and inspect 1 of the drive shaft coupling bolts for damage or wear. Also inspect the coupling bolt hole. The drive shaft coupling bolts transmit more power than successive coupling bolts and will typically indicate the greatest wear. An accurate torque wrench should always be used when tightening coupling bolts. Excessive torque will stretch the bolt and significantly compromise its strength.
Lubricate end bearings, hanger bearings and drive components at the frequency and quantity specified by the individual component’s manufacturer. Most types of hanger bearings require lubrication and wear is reduced significantly with a frequent lubrication schedule. Frequency of schedule depends on temperature, type of bearings, type of lubrication, product conveyed, trough load, screw weight, etc.)
Screw Bushings/Internal Collars:
The bushing at each end of a screw will wear over time. When possible, check for excessive shaft movement that indicates bushings need to be replaced. Longer and heavier screws typically have greater bushing wear.

Technical Parameters:

Model Screw Diameter Screw Rotation Speed Inclination Angle Conveyor Length
(mm) (r/min) (degree) (m)
GX 200 200 20, 30, 35, 45, 60,
75, 90, 120, 150, 190
< 20° 3~70
GX 250 250
GX 300 300
GX 400 400
GX 500 500
GX 600 600

Introduction of company

ZheJiang Xihu (West Lake) Dis.an Mining Machinery Co., Ltd is a professional manufacturer of screening equipment, conveying machinery and vibrating feeder etc. The company locates in HangZhou, covering above 60 thousand square meters. Since established in 1960s, the company has been taking the scientific management method of the modern enterprise, producing with advanced production technology and considerate service and developing to a promising pearl of the mechanical industry in China. 



What Are the Advantages of a Splined Shaft?

If you are looking for the right splined shaft for your machine, you should know a few important things. First, what type of material should be used? Stainless steel is usually the most appropriate choice, because of its ability to offer low noise and fatigue failure. Secondly, it can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine. Lastly, it will ensure smooth motion. So, what are the advantages of a splined shaft?
Stainless steel is the best material for splined shafts

When choosing a splined shaft, you should consider its hardness, quality, and finish. Stainless steel has superior corrosion and wear resistance. Carbon steel is another good material for splined shafts. Carbon steel has a shallow carbon content (about 1.7%), which makes it more malleable and helps ensure smooth motion. But if you’re not willing to spend the money on stainless steel, consider other options.
There are 2 main types of splines: parallel splines and crowned splines. Involute splines have parallel grooves and allow linear and rotary motion. Helical splines have involute teeth and are oriented at an angle. This type allows for many teeth on the shaft and minimizes the stress concentration in the stationary joint.
Large evenly spaced splines are widely used in hydraulic systems, drivetrains, and machine tools. They are typically made from carbon steel (CR10) and stainless steel (AISI 304). This material is durable and meets the requirements of ISO 14-B, formerly DIN 5463-B. Splined shafts are typically made of stainless steel or C45 steel, though there are many other materials available.
Stainless steel is the best material for a splined shaft. This metal is also incredibly affordable. In most cases, stainless steel is the best choice for these shafts because it offers the best corrosion resistance. There are many different types of splined shafts, and each 1 is suited for a particular application. There are also many different types of stainless steel, so choose stainless steel if you want the best quality.
For those looking for high-quality splined shafts, CZPT Spline Shafts offer many benefits. They can reduce costs, improve positional accuracy, and reduce friction. With the CZPT TFE coating, splined shafts can reduce energy and heat buildup, and extend the life of your products. And, they’re easy to install – all you need to do is install them.

They provide low noise, low wear and fatigue failure

The splines in a splined shaft are composed of 2 main parts: the spline root fillet and the spline relief. The spline root fillet is the most critical part, because fatigue failure starts there and propagates to the relief. The spline relief is more susceptible to fatigue failure because of its involute tooth shape, which offers a lower stress to the shaft and has a smaller area of contact.
The fatigue life of splined shafts is determined by measuring the S-N curve. This is also known as the Wohler curve, and it is the relationship between stress amplitude and number of cycles. It depends on the material, geometry and way of loading. It can be obtained from a physical test on a uniform material specimen under a constant amplitude load. Approximations for low-alloy steel parts can be made using a lower-alloy steel material.
Splined shafts provide low noise, minimal wear and fatigue failure. However, some mechanical transmission elements need to be removed from the shaft during assembly and manufacturing processes. The shafts must still be capable of relative axial movement for functional purposes. As such, good spline joints are essential to high-quality torque transmission, minimal backlash, and low noise. The major failure modes of spline shafts include fretting corrosion, tooth breakage, and fatigue failure.
The outer disc carrier spline is susceptible to tensile stress and fatigue failure. High customer demands for low noise and low wear and fatigue failure makes splined shafts an excellent choice. A fractured spline gear coupling was received for analysis. It was installed near the top of a filter shaft and inserted into the gearbox motor. The service history was unknown. The fractured spline gear coupling had longitudinally cracked and arrested at the termination of the spline gear teeth. The spline gear teeth also exhibited wear and deformation.
A new spline coupling method detects fault propagation in hollow cylindrical splined shafts. A spline coupling is fabricated using an AE method with the spline section unrolled into a metal plate of the same thickness as the cylinder wall. In addition, the spline coupling is misaligned, which puts significant concentration on the spline teeth. This further accelerates the rate of fretting fatigue and wear.
A spline joint should be lubricated after 25 hours of operation. Frequent lubrication can increase maintenance costs and cause downtime. Moreover, the lubricant may retain abrasive particles at the interfaces. In some cases, lubricants can even cause misalignment, leading to premature failure. So, the lubrication of a spline coupling is vital in ensuring proper functioning of the shaft.
The design of a spline coupling can be optimized to enhance its wear resistance and reliability. Surface treatments, loads, and rotation affect the friction properties of a spline coupling. In addition, a finite element method was developed to predict wear of a floating spline coupling. This method is feasible and provides a reliable basis for predicting the wear and fatigue life of a spline coupling.

They can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine

Machines can be used to shape splined shafts in a variety of industries. They are useful in many applications, including gearboxes, braking systems, and axles. A slotted shaft can be manipulated in several ways, including hobbling, broaching, and slotting. In addition to shaping, splines are also useful in reducing bar diameter.
When using a slotting or shaping machine, the workpiece is held against a pedestal that has a uniform thickness. The machine is equipped with a stand column and limiting column (Figure 1), each positioned perpendicular to the upper surface of the pedestal. The limiting column axis is located on the same line as the stand column. During the slotting or shaping process, the tool is fed in and out until the desired space is achieved.
One process involves cutting splines into a shaft. Straddle milling, spline shaping, and spline cutting are 2 common processes used to create splined shafts. Straddle milling involves a fixed indexing fixture that holds the shaft steady, while rotating milling cutters cut the groove in the length of the shaft. Several passes are required to ensure uniformity throughout the spline.
Splines are a type of gear. The ridges or teeth on the drive shaft mesh with grooves in the mating piece. A splined shaft allows the transmission of torque to a mate piece while maximizing the power transfer. Splines are used in heavy vehicles, construction, agriculture, and massive earthmoving machinery. Splines are used in virtually every type of rotary motion, from axles to transmission systems. They also offer better fatigue life and reliability.
Slotting or shaping machines can also be used to shape splined shafts. Slotting machines are often used to machine splined shafts, because it is easier to make them with these machines. Using a slotting or shaping machine can result in splined shafts of different sizes. It is important to follow a set of spline standards to ensure your parts are manufactured to the highest standards.
A milling machine is another option for producing splined shafts. A spline shaft can be set up between 2 centers in an indexing fixture. Two side milling cutters are mounted on an arbor and a spacer and shims are inserted between them. The arbor and cutters are then mounted to a milling machine spindle. To make sure the cutters center themselves over the splined shaft, an adjustment must be made to the spindle of the machine.
The machining process is very different for internal and external splines. External splines can be broached, shaped, milled, or hobbed, while internal splines cannot. These machines use hard alloy, but they are not as good for internal splines. A machine with a slotting mechanism is necessary for these operations.

China manufacturer Industrial CZPT Auger Spiral Flexible Screw Elevator Conveyor     with Free Design CustomChina manufacturer Industrial CZPT Auger Spiral Flexible Screw Elevator Conveyor     with Free Design Custom