Hotels, Garment Shops, Building Material Shops, Manufacturing Plant, Machinery Repair Shops, Food & Beverage Factory, Farms, Restaurant, Home Use, Retail, Food Shop, Printing Shops, Construction works , Energy & Mining, Food & Beverage Shops, Other, Advertising Company
Machinery Test Report
Warranty of core components
PLC, Engine, Bearing, Gearbox, Motor, Pressure vessel, Gear, Pump
Place of Origin
ZheJiang , China
CNC mill,lathe and grind machine
stainless steel, aluminium, carbon
Grinding and polishing
HangZhou HUANENGDA SPRING CO.,LTD
HangZhou HuaNengDa Spring Co., Ltd. is located in Tong ‘an District, HangZhou City, ZheJiang Province, China. It is a hardware factory specializing in R&D design, manufacture and sales of precision components. The company introduces domestic and foreign advanced equipment and production technology, adopts CNC high-precision computer machine, compression spring machine, CNC five-axis linkage machining center, CNC turning and milling compound, 300 tons of punch and other mechanical equipment,and employs senior engineers with more than 10 years of work experience to debug mechanical equipment and customize production.
With the business philosophy of honesty, pragmatism and excellence, HuaNengDa Spring Company is dedicated to serving customers at home and abroad. We hope that the products of HuaNengDa will help your business to be more brilliant, let us build a bright future in the high-tech era!
The testimony is pragmatic and the attitude of the people. Quality service is the pursuit of the people!
Packing And Shipping
1.Small order quantity is workable
From the initial sample design of the spring to the mass production of the springs, we can quickly reach your manufacturing goals and immediately provide the best products because we have an excellent production management system and expertly trained technical personnel.
2.Committed to high quality production
To keep HuaNengDa Springs at the forefront of the industry, we have implemented a stringent internal quality control system and regularly import the latest manufacturing equipment and instruments. Through our precise manufacturing technology and expert mold making process, we provide our customers with the best products and service.
3.Efficiency in manufacturing
Our company’s machinery and equipment are controlled by CNC computers. In order to respond to international needs and standards, we continuously update and upgrade our equipment every year. Our machines effectively increase production capacity and save on manufacturing costs. The manufacturing department is the most important core of the whole company and by treating it with utmost importance, we reap great benefits in manufacturing efficiency.
4.Excellent customization services
HuaNengDa’s R&D team designs and completes customized products according to the needs of customers. From the selection of materials to the function of the products, we can design and develop products to suite different customers’ requirements. We are constantly involving ourselves in all aspects of the industry because only by having a complete view and analysis of the industry, can there be innovative breakthroughs.
*T/T : 30% pre T/T, 70% before delivery.
*Delivery on time.
*Shipped by a convenient and cost-effective way.
*Good after-selling, 24 hours service for you.
*A: Poly bag, Plstic tray ,small box, carton.
*B: According to customers’ requirements.
*Sample: 7-10 days after deposit received.
*Batch goods: 12-15 days after samples approved.
|DIN, ASTM, GOST, GB, JIS, ANSI, BS
|Metal Processing Machinery Parts
What is the relationship between the axle spindle and the wheel bearing in a vehicle?
In a vehicle, the axle spindle and the wheel bearing are two interconnected components that work together to allow the wheel to rotate smoothly and support the vehicle’s weight. Here’s a detailed explanation of their relationship:
The axle spindle is a key part of the vehicle’s suspension system, specifically in the axle assembly. It is a shaft-like component that protrudes from the axle housing and provides support for the wheel assembly. The spindle is typically located at the center of the wheel hub and serves as a mounting point for various components, including the wheel bearing.
The wheel bearing, on the other hand, is a set of precision-engineered bearings that are usually housed within a hub assembly. It is responsible for reducing friction and facilitating the smooth rotation of the wheel. The wheel bearing allows the wheel to spin freely while supporting the weight of the vehicle and enduring the forces generated during acceleration, braking, and cornering.
The relationship between the axle spindle and the wheel bearing is one of integration and mutual dependency. The axle spindle provides the structural support and attachment point for the wheel bearing assembly. The wheel bearing, in turn, enables the wheel to rotate with minimal friction and provides load-bearing capability.
When the vehicle is in motion, the axle spindle transfers the weight of the vehicle and the forces generated by the road surface to the wheel bearing. The wheel bearing, with its lubricated bearings and races, allows the wheel to rotate smoothly and evenly distribute the applied forces. This relationship ensures that the wheel assembly operates effectively, providing stability, control, and a comfortable ride.
Over time, the wheel bearing may experience wear and tear due to continuous use, exposure to contaminants, or lack of proper maintenance. When a wheel bearing becomes worn or damaged, it can lead to various symptoms such as excessive noise, vibration, uneven tire wear, or even wheel detachment. In such cases, it is necessary to replace the wheel bearing assembly, which often involves disassembling the axle spindle to access and replace the bearing.
It’s important to note that the specific design and configuration of the axle spindle and wheel bearing can vary between different vehicle models and manufacturers. Some vehicles may have integrated wheel bearing and hub assemblies, while others may have separate components that are assembled onto the spindle. It is recommended to consult the vehicle’s repair manual or seek professional assistance for specific instructions and procedures related to your vehicle.
In summary, the axle spindle and the wheel bearing have a close relationship in a vehicle’s suspension system. The axle spindle provides structural support and serves as the mounting point for the wheel bearing assembly. The wheel bearing, in turn, allows the wheel to rotate smoothly, supports the vehicle’s weight, and helps absorb the forces generated during driving. Understanding this relationship is important for proper maintenance, repair, and replacement of the wheel bearing assembly.
Can axle spindles be upgraded for improved performance, and if so, what are the options?
Axle spindles can be upgraded to improve the performance of a vehicle, particularly in applications where higher strength, durability, or enhanced capabilities are desired. Upgrading axle spindles can provide benefits such as increased load capacity, improved off-road capability, or enhanced towing capabilities. Here are some options for upgrading axle spindles:
- High-Strength Axle Spindles: One option is to replace the stock axle spindles with high-strength counterparts. High-strength axle spindles are typically made from stronger materials or feature reinforced designs to handle heavier loads or harsher conditions. These upgraded spindles can enhance the overall strength and durability of the axle assembly.
- Performance Axle Spindles: Performance-oriented axle spindles are designed to improve the handling and responsiveness of the vehicle. These spindles may feature optimized geometry, reduced weight, or enhanced stiffness to provide better cornering abilities, reduced body roll, or improved steering precision. Performance axle spindles are commonly used in applications such as racing or high-performance vehicles.
- Off-Road Axle Spindles: Off-road enthusiasts may opt for axle spindles specifically designed for rugged terrains. These spindles often have increased ground clearance, improved articulation, or additional reinforcement to withstand the demands of off-road driving. They can enhance the vehicle’s off-road capability, allowing for traversing challenging obstacles and rough terrain more effectively.
- Towing and Hauling Axle Spindles: Upgraded axle spindles for towing or hauling purposes are engineered to handle heavier loads and provide increased stability. These spindles may have reinforced construction, larger bearings, or specialized features such as integrated trailer brake connections. Upgrading to towing or hauling axle spindles can enhance the vehicle’s towing capacity and improve overall towing performance.
- Custom Axle Spindles: In some cases, custom axle spindles can be fabricated or modified to meet specific performance requirements. This option is typically utilized in specialized vehicle applications or when specific performance goals cannot be achieved with off-the-shelf upgrades. Custom axle spindles allow for tailored solutions that can address unique needs and performance objectives.
When considering axle spindle upgrades, it is essential to ensure compatibility with other components of the axle assembly, such as bearings, hubs, and brakes. Upgrades may also require modifications to other parts of the vehicle, such as suspension systems or steering components, to optimize performance and maintain overall safety and reliability.
It is recommended to consult with knowledgeable professionals, such as experienced mechanics, axle specialists, or vehicle customization experts, to determine the most suitable upgrade options for your specific vehicle and performance goals. They can provide guidance on selecting the appropriate axle spindle upgrades and ensure proper installation and integration into the vehicle’s overall system.
Can a failing axle spindle affect tire wear and alignment?
Yes, a failing axle spindle can indeed affect tire wear and alignment. Here’s a detailed explanation:
When an axle spindle is failing or damaged, it can have a direct impact on tire wear and alignment, leading to various issues. Here are some ways a failing axle spindle can affect tire wear and alignment:
- Uneven Tire Wear: A failing axle spindle can cause uneven tire wear patterns. The misalignment or instability resulting from a damaged spindle can lead to irregular contact between the tire and the road surface. This can cause specific areas of the tire to wear down more quickly than others. Common patterns of uneven tire wear include excessive wear on the edges or center of the tire, scalloping, cupping, or feathering. Uneven tire wear not only compromises tire lifespan but also affects vehicle handling and performance.
- Pulling or Drifting: A failing axle spindle can cause the vehicle to pull or drift to one side. This misalignment can be a result of the damaged spindle not allowing the wheels to be properly aligned. As a consequence, the tires on one side of the vehicle may experience increased friction and wear compared to the other side. This can lead to uneven tire wear and affect the vehicle’s stability and handling.
- Decreased Traction: A failing axle spindle can result in reduced traction between the tires and the road surface. Misalignment or instability caused by a damaged spindle can affect the tire’s ability to maintain optimal contact with the road. This can lead to decreased grip and traction, particularly during cornering or in wet or slippery conditions. Decreased traction not only affects tire wear but also compromises the vehicle’s overall safety and handling.
- Alignment Issues: A failing axle spindle can contribute to alignment problems. The damaged spindle may prevent the proper adjustment and alignment of the wheels. This can result in misaligned toe, camber, or caster angles, which directly impact tire wear. Improper alignment puts uneven stress on the tires, leading to accelerated wear and reduced tire lifespan.
- Compromised Steering Stability: A failing axle spindle can affect steering stability. Instability or misalignment caused by a damaged spindle can result in imprecise steering response and reduced control over the vehicle. This can lead to uneven tire loading and wear, as well as affect the overall handling and safety of the vehicle.
Addressing a failing axle spindle is crucial to prevent further damage to the tires and maintain proper alignment. If you notice uneven tire wear, pulling or drifting, decreased traction, or other signs of tire-related issues, it’s recommended to have the axle spindle inspected by a qualified mechanic or technician. They can accurately diagnose the problem and perform the necessary repairs or replacement to restore proper alignment and prevent further tire wear and damage.
In summary, a failing axle spindle can have a direct impact on tire wear and alignment. It can cause uneven tire wear, pulling or drifting, decreased traction, alignment issues, and compromised steering stability. Timely inspection and repair of the failing axle spindle are essential to ensure optimal tire performance, prolong tire lifespan, and maintain safe vehicle operation.
editor by CX 2023-11-27
HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Cardanshaft Co.,LTD is a leading professional manufacturer of cardan shafts in China. It is located in HangZhou ,ZheJiang Province. Our company has focused on the research and development , design and manufacture with different kinds of cardan shafts for almost 15 years.
Our producted cardan shafts are widely used in domestic large steel enterprises, such as ZheJiang Baosteel, HangZhou Iron and Steel Corporation, HangZhou Steel Corp and other domestic large-scale iron and steel enterprises.Now more products are exported to Europe, North America and Southeast Asia and other regions.
Our cardan shafts can be used to resist vibration and impact in the harsh environment of steel rolling, and the service life of cardan shafts is longer. We can also customize the special connection modes of cardan shafts in accordance of customers’ requirements .High precision, flexible joints, easy installation, perfect after-sales service and so on are highlight features of our products.
1, advance technology
2, high accuracy and closely structure
3, high quality, the best price and good services
4, Strictly quality control by ISO9001: 2008.
5, with R&D Dept, OEM is available
2. About our advantages
1). With 10 years experience and professional OEM / ODM
2). Advance technology and R&D Dept with rich experience
3). Delivery in time
4).Competitive and reasonable price
5). High reputation
3.About our products
Universal shafts with spider for industrial application commonly refer to cardan shaft .It is 1 of the most widely used transmission components. Our products are widely supplied to rubber and plastics machineries, petroleum machineries, wind-power testing equipments and bullet trains testing equipments, boat, agriculture machines etc.
Welcome to contact us if you are interested in products and want further details.
Looking forward to cooperating with you!
The Benefits of Spline Couplings for Disc Brake Mounting Interfaces
Spline couplings are commonly used for securing disc brake mounting interfaces. Spline couplings are often used in high-performance vehicles, aeronautics, and many other applications. However, the mechanical benefits of splines are not immediately obvious. Listed below are the benefits of spline couplings. We’ll discuss what these advantages mean for you. Read on to discover how these couplings work.
Disc brake mounting interfaces are splined
There are 2 common disc brake mounting interfaces – splined and six-bolt. Splined rotors fit on splined hubs; six-bolt rotors will need an adapter to fit on six-bolt hubs. The six-bolt method is easier to maintain and may be preferred by many cyclists. If you’re thinking of installing a disc brake system, it is important to know how to choose the right splined and center lock interfaces.
The splines used for spline coupling in aircraft are highly complex. While some previous researches have addressed the design of splines, few publications have tackled the problem of misaligned spline coupling. Nevertheless, the accurate results we obtained were obtained using dedicated simulation tools, which are not commercially available. Nevertheless, such tools can provide a useful reference for our approach. It would be beneficial if designers could use simple tools for evaluating contact pressure peaks. Our analytical approach makes it possible to find answers to such questions.
The design of a spline coupling for aerospace applications must be accurate to minimize weight and prevent failure mechanisms. In addition to weight reduction, it is necessary to minimize fretting fatigue. The pressure distribution on the spline coupling teeth is a significant factor in determining its fretting fatigue. Therefore, we use analytical and experimental methods to examine the contact pressure distribution in the axial direction of spline couplings.
The teeth of a spline coupling can be categorized by the type of engagement they provide. This study investigates the position of resultant contact forces in the teeth of a spline coupling when applied to pitch diameter. Using FEM models, numerical results are generated for nominal and parallel offset misalignments. The axial tooth profile determines the behavior of the coupling component and its ability to resist wear. Angular misalignment is also a concern, causing misalignment.
In order to assess wear damage of a spline coupling, we must take into consideration the impact of fretting on the components. This wear is caused by relative motion between the teeth that engage them. The misalignment may be caused by vibrations, cyclical tooth deflection, or angular misalignment. The result of this analysis may help designers improve their spline coupling designs and develop improved performance.
CZPT polyimide, an abrasion-resistant polymer, is a popular choice for high-temperature spline couplings. This material reduces friction and wear, provides a low friction surface, and has a low wear rate. Furthermore, it offers up to 50 times the life of metal on metal spline connections. For these reasons, it is important to choose the right material for your spline coupling.
A spline coupler is a device used to connect splined shafts. A typical spline coupler resembles a short pipe with splines on either end. There are 2 basic types of spline coupling: single and dual spline. One type attaches to a drive shaft, while the other attaches to the gearbox. While spline couplings are typically used in racing, they’re also used for performance problems.
The key challenge in spline couplings is to determine the optimal dimension of spline joints. This is difficult because no commercial codes allow the simulation of misaligned joints, which can destroy components. This article presents analytical approaches to estimating contact pressures in spline connections. The results are comparable with numerical approaches but require special codes to accurately model the coupling operation. This research highlights several important issues and aims to make the application of spline couplings in high-performance vehicles easier.
The stiffness of spline assemblies can be calculated using tooth-like structures. Such splines can be incorporated into the spline joint to produce global stiffness for torsional vibration analysis. Bearing reactions are calculated for a certain level of misalignment. This information can be used to design bearing dimensions and correct misalignment. There are 3 types of spline couplings.
Major diameter fit splines are made with tightly controlled outside diameters. This close fit provides concentricity transfer from the male to the female spline. The teeth of the male spline usually have chamfered tips and clearance with fillet radii. These splines are often manufactured from billet steel or aluminum. These materials are renowned for their strength and uniform grain created by the forging process. ANSI and DIN design manuals define classes of fit.
Disc brake mounting interfaces
A spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces is a type of hub-to-brake-disc mount. It is a highly durable coupling mechanism that reduces heat transfer from the disc to the axle hub. The mounting arrangement also isolates the axle hub from direct contact with the disc. It is also designed to minimize the amount of vehicle downtime and maintenance required to maintain proper alignment.
Disc brakes typically have substantial metal-to-metal contact with axle hub splines. The discs are held in place on the hub by intermediate inserts. This metal-to-metal contact also aids in the transfer of brake heat from the brake disc to the axle hub. Spline coupling for disc brake mounting interfaces comprises a mounting ring that is either a threaded or non-threaded spline.
During drag brake experiments, perforated friction blocks filled with various additive materials are introduced. The materials included include Cu-based powder metallurgy material, a composite material, and a Mn-Cu damping alloy. The filling material affects the braking interface’s wear behavior and friction-induced vibration characteristics. Different filling materials produce different types of wear debris and have different wear evolutions. They also differ in their surface morphology.
Disc brake couplings are usually made of 2 different types. The plain and HD versions are interchangeable. The plain version is the simplest to install, while the HD version has multiple components. The two-piece couplings are often installed at the same time, but with different mounting interfaces. You should make sure to purchase the appropriate coupling for your vehicle. These interfaces are a vital component of your vehicle and must be installed correctly for proper operation.
Disc brakes use disc-to-hub elements that help locate the forces and displace them to the rim. These elements are typically made of stainless steel, which increases the cost of manufacturing the disc brake mounting interface. Despite their benefits, however, the high braking force loads they endure are hard on the materials. Moreover, excessive heat transferred to the intermediate elements can adversely affect the fatigue life and long-term strength of the brake system.
High quality double split shaft collar stainless steel precision shaft clamp
1.Effective on hard and soft shafts
2.Cost effective collar design
3.Easily installed where major disassembly would otherwise be required Simply slide these collars onto a shaft and tighten the set screw to hold the collar in place.Collars are easy to adjust with their set screws.
Types of shaft collars:
Solid Setscrew shaft collar,Hex bore shaft collar,One Piece shaft collar,Two
Piece shaft collar,Threaded shaft collar,Single split shaft collar,Double split shaft collar
Our products can be made according to Climax,Holo-Krome,Stafford,Ruland etc.
Note of single split shaft collar:
2.Finish: Black oxide, self-color, oiled, zinc plated
3.Processes:Broaching/ Hobbing/ Slotting/tapping
5.Lead time:20-35 days
single split shaft collars are used in a variety of application and industries. Examples include agricultural implements, office machines, exercise equipment, mixers, and printing presses.A variety of specialized products are available. Knurled shaft collars provide a friction surface for hand gripping and are suitable for conveyors and other applications which require frequent collar adjustment.
Hexagonal-bore shaft collars are suitable for power transmission and drive applications.
Heavy-duty shaft collars feature large cross sections and sturdy clamping screws for added holding power.
Because heavy-duty shaft collars provide better vibration and shock resistance,
they are designed for applications such as off-road, mining, paper and steel mill equipment.
1. Timing Belt Pulley (Synchronous Pulley), Timing Bar, Clamping Plate;
2. Forging, Casting, Stampling Part;
3. V Belt Pulley and Taper Lock Bush; Sprocket, Idler and Plate Wheel;Spur Gear, Bevel Gear, Rack;
4. Shaft Locking Device: could be alternative for Ringfeder, Sati, Chiaravalli, Tollok, etc.;
5. Shaft Coupling:including Miniature couplings, Curved tooth coupling, Chain coupling, HRC coupling, Normex coupling, Type coupling, GE Coupling, torque limiter, Universal Joint;
6. Shaft Collars: including Setscrew Type, Single Split and Double Splits;
7. Gear & Rack: Spur gear/rack, bevel gear, helical gear/rack
8. Other customized Machining Parts according to drawings (OEM).
|We use standard export wooden case, carton and pallet, but we can also pack it as per your special requirements.
ZheJiang Mighty Machinery Co., Ltd. specializes in offering best service and the most competitive price for our customer.
After over 10 years’ hard work, MIGHTY’s business has grown rapidly and become an important partner for oversea clients in the industrial field and become a holding company for 3 manufacturing factories.
MIGHTY’s products have obtained reputation of domestic and oversea customers with taking advantage of technology, management, quality and very competitive price.
Your satisfaction is the biggest motivation for our work, choose us to get high quality products and best service.
Q: Are you trading company or manufacturer ?
A: We are factory.
Q: How long is your delivery time?
A: Generally it is 5-10 days if the goods are in stock. or it is 15-20 days if the goods are not in stock, it is according to quantity.
Q: Do you provide samples ? is it free or extra ?
A: Yes, we could offer the sample for free charge but do not pay the cost of freight.
Q: What is your terms of payment ?
A: Payment=1000USD, 30% T/T in advance ,balance before shippment.
We warmly welcome friends from domestic and abroad come to us for business negotiation and cooperation for mutual benefit.To supply customers excellent quality products with good price and punctual delivery time is our responsibility.
Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings
A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between 2 rotating shafts. It consists of 2 parts – a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.
Modeling a spline coupling
Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify 1 specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the 2 spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the 2 splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You’ll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on 1 spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you’ll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.
Creating a spline coupling model 20
The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20’s geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click “Next” to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.
Analysing a spline coupling model 20
An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to 4 different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are 2 phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.
Misalignment of a spline coupling
A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered 2 levels of misalignment – 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm – with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.
Mpt 16 High Precision Mechanical Shaft Coupling Locking Devices Power Locks Locking Assembly
|Shaft Locking Device
|Steel C45,Cast Iron,Stainless Steel
|2~7 days for stock,15~45 days for without stock
|Plastic Bag+Carton Box+Wooden Case+Pallet
Locking Devices provide a keyless, extreme high strength connection between components and round shafts. They feature a smooth, nonmarring bore which contracts securely onto a shaft while expanding the OD tightly into the I.D. of a hub. Fully adjustable, they are balanced to minimize vibration at high speeds, and prevent backlash damage caused by heavy loads.
1.Easy installed and removed: no heating,cooling or knocking while installation
2.Releasing and pushing out screws without striking
3.Random axial position and radial direction for installation
4.Easy operation in narrow space
5.Easy operation with giant machine parts
6.Free from angular and axial backlash
7.Overload protection in some occasions (prevent overload slipping)
8.Key slot can be added to prevent overload slipping
9.Shaft and hub can be designed smaller,lighter, cost and space saving
10.Saving cost by reducing machining accuracy of shaft and hole
MIGHTY Locking Devices(also called Power Locks,Keyless Locking Assemblies,Locking Elements etc) are produced according to Western Standards,they are replaceable with SATI,Chiaravalli,Tollok,Ringfeder Locking Devices.
Keyless Locking Device ,Power Locking Device Assembly , Power Lock,Locking Assembly, Locking device is a keyless shaft-hub locking devices for connecting hubs and shaft with high torque transmission,are linker used between shaft and pulley, which can replace the single key and splines.
– RINGFEDER GERMANY STHangZhouRD : RFN4071,RFN7012, RFN7013, RFN7110,RFN8006
– TSUBAKI JAPAN STHangZhouRD : AS, TF, EL, SL, AD
– CHIARAVALLI ITALY STHangZhouRD: RCK11, RCK13,RCK15, RCK16, RCK19,RCK40, RCK45, RCK50, RCK55, RCK70, RCK71, RCK80, RCK95
– TOLLOK ITALY STHangZhouRD : TLK110, TLK130, TLK131, TLK132, TLK133, TLK134, TLK200, TLK300, TLK400, TLK603
– RINGSPANN GERMANY STHangZhouRD : RLK130, RLK132, RLK133, RLK200
– BIKON GERMANY STHangZhouRD: 1003, 1006,1012, 4000, 5000, 7000A, 7000B,8000
– BONFIX STHangZhouRD : CCE1000, CCE2000, CCE3000, CCE4000, CCE4100, CCE4500, CCE4600, CCE4900, CCE8000, CCE9500
– SATI STHangZhouRD : KLGG, KLCC, KLNN, KLDA, KLAA, KLDB, KLAB, KLPP, KLBB, KLHH, KLEE, KLFF, KLMM
– COMPOMAC STHangZhouRD : A,B,C,D, ES/DS, EP, SD, F
– VBLOK STHangZhouRD : VK400, VK800B, VK700, VK160, VK700.1, VK130, VK112
– RINGBLOK STHangZhouRD : 1060, 1100, 1120, 1710, 1720,1800
– KANA STHangZhouRD : 200, 201,300
– KTR STHangZhouRD : KTR100, KTR150, KTR200, KTR201, KTR203, KTR206, KTR225, KTR250, KTR400, KTR603
Mainly used in the mining,metallurgical,cement,chemicals,construction,
buiding materials,Electric power,telecommunictions,textiles,and transportation departments.
1.Conveyor:Belt conveyor,AFC conveyor,chain conveyor,screw conveyor.
2.Pum:Water pump,oil pump,slush pump,etc.
3.Fan:Draft fan,fanner,boil fan,etc.
4.Excavtor:Bucket excavator,bucket wheel excavators,bucket wheel stacker reclaimer.
5.Crane:Tower crane,gantry crane,bridge crane.
6.Others:Various elevators,coal plough,ball mill,crusher,recreation machine.
7.Blender equipment,centrifuger,washer,leather-making machine,machine for recreation
park mixer wire drawing machine.Extruder,dregs crusher of boiler.
8.Plastic feeder,rubber smelling machine,etc.
|Standard suitable package / Pallet or container.
Polybag inside export carton outside, blister and Tape and reel package available.
If customers have specific requirements for the packaging, we will gladly accommodate.
|10-20working days ofter payment receipt comfirmed (based on actual quantity).
Packing standard export packing or according to customers demand.
Professional goods shipping forward.
ZheJiang Mighty Machinery Co., Ltd. specializes in manufacturing Mechanical Power Transmission Products.We Mighty is the division/branch of SCMC Group, which is a wholly state-owned company, established in 1980.
-3 manufacturing factories, we have 5 technical staff, our FTY have strong capacity for design and process design, and more than 70 workers and double shift eveyday.
-Large quality of various material purchase and stock in warhouse which ensure the low cost for the material and production in
-Strick quality control are apply in the whole production.
we have incoming inspection,process inspection and final production inspection which can ensure the perfect of the goods quality.
-14 years of machining experience. Long time cooperate with the Global Buyer, make us easy to understand the csutomer and handle the export. MIGHTY’s products are mainly exported to Europe, America and the Middle East market. With the top-ranking management, professional technical support and abundant export experience, MIGHTY has established lasting and stable business partnership with many world famous companies and has got good reputation from worldwide customers in international sales.
Q: Are you trading company or manufacturer ?
A: We are factory.
Q: How long is your delivery time?
A: Generally it is 5-10 days if the goods are in stock. or it is 15-20 days if the goods are not in stock, it is according to quantity.
Q: Do you provide samples ? is it free or extra ?
A: Yes, we could offer the sample for free charge but do not pay the cost of freight.
Q: What is your terms of payment ?
A: Payment=1000USD, 30% T/T in advance ,balance before shippment.
We warmly welcome friends from domestic and abroad come to us for business negotiation and cooperation for mutual benefit. To supply customers excellent quality products with good price and punctual delivery time is our responsibility.
Applications of Spline Couplings
A spline coupling is a highly effective means of connecting 2 or more components. These types of couplings are very efficient, as they combine linear motion with rotation, and their efficiency makes them a desirable choice in numerous applications. Read on to learn more about the main characteristics and applications of spline couplings. You will also be able to determine the predicted operation and wear. You can easily design your own couplings by following the steps outlined below.
The spline coupling plays an important role in transmitting torque. It consists of a hub and a shaft with splines that are in surface contact without relative motion. Because they are connected, their angular velocity is the same. The splines can be designed with any profile that minimizes friction. Because they are in contact with each other, the load is not evenly distributed, concentrating on a small area, which can deform the hub surface.
Optimal spline coupling design takes into account several factors, including weight, material characteristics, and performance requirements. In the aeronautics industry, weight is an important design factor. S.A.E. and ANSI tables do not account for weight when calculating the performance requirements of spline couplings. Another critical factor is space. Spline couplings may need to fit in tight spaces, or they may be subject to other configuration constraints.
Optimal design of spline couplers may be characterized by an odd number of teeth. However, this is not always the case. If the external spline’s outer diameter exceeds a certain threshold, the optimal spline coupling model may not be an optimal choice for this application. To optimize a spline coupling for a specific application, the user may need to consider the sizing method that is most appropriate for their application.
Once a design is generated, the next step is to test the resulting spline coupling. The system must check for any design constraints and validate that it can be produced using modern manufacturing techniques. The resulting spline coupling model is then exported to an optimisation tool for further analysis. The method enables a designer to easily manipulate the design of a spline coupling and reduce its weight.
The spline coupling model 20 includes the major structural features of a spline coupling. A product model software program 10 stores default values for each of the spline coupling’s specifications. The resulting spline model is then calculated in accordance with the algorithm used in the present invention. The software allows the designer to enter the spline coupling’s radii, thickness, and orientation.
An important aspect of aero-engine splines is the load distribution among the teeth. The researchers have performed experimental tests and have analyzed the effect of lubrication conditions on the coupling behavior. Then, they devised a theoretical model using a Ruiz parameter to simulate the actual working conditions of spline couplings. This model explains the wear damage caused by the spline couplings by considering the influence of friction, misalignment, and other conditions that are relevant to the splines’ performance.
In order to design a spline coupling, the user first inputs the design criteria for sizing load carrying sections, including the external spline 40 of the spline coupling model 30. Then, the user specifies torque margin performance requirement specifications, such as the yield limit, plastic buckling, and creep buckling. The software program then automatically calculates the size and configuration of the load carrying sections and the shaft. These specifications are then entered into the model software program 10 as specification values.
Various spline coupling configuration specifications are input on the GUI screen 80. The software program 10 then generates a spline coupling model by storing default values for the various specifications. The user then can manipulate the spline coupling model by modifying its various specifications. The final result will be a computer-aided design that enables designers to optimize spline couplings based on their performance and design specifications.
The spline coupling model software program continually evaluates the validity of spline coupling models for a particular application. For example, if a user enters a data value signal corresponding to a parameter signal, the software compares the value of the signal entered to the corresponding value in the knowledge base. If the values are outside the specifications, a warning message is displayed. Once this comparison is completed, the spline coupling model software program outputs a report with the results.
Various spline coupling design factors include weight, material properties, and performance requirements. Weight is 1 of the most important design factors, particularly in the aeronautics field. ANSI and S.A.E. tables do not consider these factors when calculating the load characteristics of spline couplings. Other design requirements may also restrict the configuration of a spline coupling.
Spline couplings are a type of mechanical joint that connects 2 rotating shafts. Its 2 parts engage teeth that transfer load. Although splines are commonly over-dimensioned, they are still prone to fatigue and static behavior. These properties also make them prone to wear and tear. Therefore, proper design and selection are vital to minimize wear and tear on splines. There are many applications of spline couplings.
A key design is based on the size of the shaft being joined. This allows for the proper spacing of the keys. A novel method of hobbing allows for the formation of tapered bases without interference, and the root of the keys is concentric with the axis. These features enable for high production rates. Various applications of spline couplings can be found in various industries. To learn more, read on.
FE based methodology can predict the wear rate of spline couplings by including the evolution of the coefficient of friction. This method can predict fretting wear from simple round-on-flat geometry, and has been calibrated with experimental data. The predicted wear rate is reasonable compared to the experimental data. Friction evolution in spline couplings depends on the spline geometry. It is also crucial to consider the lubrication condition of the splines.
Using a spline coupling reduces backlash and ensures proper alignment of mated components. The shaft’s splined tooth form transfers rotation from the splined shaft to the internal splined member, which may be a gear or other rotary device. A spline coupling’s root strength and torque requirements determine the type of spline coupling that should be used.
The spline root is usually flat and has a crown on 1 side. The crowned spline has a symmetrical crown at the centerline of the face-width of the spline. As the spline length decreases toward the ends, the teeth are becoming thinner. The tooth diameter is measured in pitch. This means that the male spline has a flat root and a crowned spline.
Spindle couplings are used in rotating machinery to connect 2 shafts. They are composed of 2 parts with teeth that engage each other and transfer load. Spline couplings are commonly over-dimensioned and are prone to static and fatigue behavior. Wear phenomena are also a common problem with splines. To address these issues, it is essential to understand the behavior and predictability of these couplings.
Dynamic behavior of spline-rotor couplings is often unclear, particularly if the system is not integrated with the rotor. For example, when a misalignment is not present, the main response frequency is 1 X-rotating speed. As the misalignment increases, the system starts to vibrate in complex ways. Furthermore, as the shaft orbits depart from the origin, the magnitudes of all the frequencies increase. Thus, research results are useful in determining proper design and troubleshooting of rotor systems.
The model of misaligned spline couplings can be obtained by analyzing the stress-compression relationships between 2 spline pairs. The meshing force model of splines is a function of the system mass, transmitting torque, and dynamic vibration displacement. This model holds when the dynamic vibration displacement is small. Besides, the CZPT stepping integration method is stable and has high efficiency.
The slip distributions are a function of the state of lubrication, coefficient of friction, and loading cycles. The predicted wear depths are well within the range of measured values. These predictions are based on the slip distributions. The methodology predicts increased wear under lightly lubricated conditions, but not under added lubrication. The lubrication condition and coefficient of friction are the key factors determining the wear behavior of splines.