Tag Archives: machinery machinery

China wholesaler Agricultural Machinery Forged Alloy Steel Trailer Axle Spindle axle examples

Product Description

  

Products

Name:

Agricultural Machinery Forged Alloy Steel Trailer Axle Spindle

Material:

42CrMo

Weight:

From 0.2kg to 10kg

Packing:

Wooden case

Min Order:

1000pcs

Customization:

Customized production is available based on your drawings or sample.

Company Name: HiHangZhou Precision Forging Technology Co., Ltd.

 

Process Die Forging              
Material Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel               
Weight 0.1Kg~20Kg              
Heat Treatment Quenching, Annealing,Tempering,Normalizing, Quenching and Tempering              
Testing instrument  composition testing Spectrometer, Metallographic microscope              
Performance testing Hardness tester, Tensile testing machine              
Size Measuring  CMM,Micrometer, Vernier Caliper, Depth Caliper, feeler gauge              
Thread Gauge , Height Gauge              
Roughness Ra1.6~Ra6.3              
Machining Equipment CNC Center , CNC Machines, Turning, Drilling, Milling, boring machine,Grinding Machines,              
Wire EDM,Laser Cutting&Welding, Plasma Cutting &Welding, EDM etc.              
Quality control Sampling inspection of raw materials and semi-finished products, 100% Inspection of finished products                
Surface Treatment Shot Blast ,  Powder Coating, Polishing, Galvanized , Chrome Plated                 
  60000T / Years              
Lead Time Normally 30 – 45 Days.              
Payment Terms T/T , L/C               
Material Standard ASTM , AISI , DIN , BS, JIS, GB,              
Certification ISO9001:2008, IATF16949:2016              

HiHangZhou Precision Forging Technology Co., Ltd.

Quality control is a crucial aspect of our production process. Here is an overview of our quality control procedures:

  1. Incoming raw materials are analyzed using a metallographic microscope to ensure they meet production requirements.
  2. During production, our QC staff conducts timely sampling to ensure products are defect-free and address any quality issues.
  3. Our final step involves using a magnetic particle flaw detector to detect hidden defects in metal parts.
  4. All finished metal parts undergo mechanical performance tests, size measurements, and 100% manual surface inspection in our laboratory.

Below are pictures of the relevant testing equipment:

Welcome to HiHangZhou Precision Forging Technology Co., Ltd.

At HiHangZhou, we adhere to strict quality standards in our Quality Management System Control. Our production site follows ISO9001 and TS16949 quality standards, ensuring the highest level of quality in our products. Additionally, we implement 5S lean production management to optimize efficiency on the production site.

Choose HiHangZhou for precision forging technology you can trust.

Our Advantages:

Brand:

As a subsidiary of the renowned HiHangZhou Group, we have a strong reputation for high-end machinery manufacturing with extensive experience in collaborating with global enterprises.

Technology:

With over 25 years of expertise in forging and casting equipment production, our team of technicians and R&D personnel ensures the highest quality and efficiency in our manufacturing processes.

Service:

We offer custom and standard manufacturing services with a focus on quality, timely delivery, and effective communication throughout the process.

Culture:

Our unique corporate culture fosters individual potential and contributes to the sustainable development of our company.

Social Responsibility:

We are committed to low-carbon environmental protection, energy-saving production, and emission reduction, setting a benchmark for responsible manufacturing practices in our region.

Company Culture

Our Vision

To become 1 of the leading companies.

Our Mission

To become a platform for employees to realize their dreams.

To become a transforming and upgrading pacemaker of Chinese enterprises.

To set national brands with pride.

Our Belief

Strive to build the company into an ideal platform for entrepreneurs to realize their self-worth and contribute to society.

Values

Improvement is innovation, everyone can innovate.

Innovation inspired and failures tolerated.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Q: Are you a trading company or a manufacturer?
    A: We are a manufacturer specializing in forging products, casting products, and machining capabilities.
  2. Q: What series products do you offer?
    A: We focus on forming processing of ferrous metals through casting, forging, and machining for various industries.
  3. Q: Do you provide samples? Is it free?
    A: Yes, we offer samples with customers providing a freight pay-by-account number for cooperation.
  4. Q: Is OEM available?
    A: Yes, we offer OEM services.
  5. Q: What’s your quality guarantee?
    A: We prioritize continuous improvement in product quality with strict control measures and certifications like ISO/TS16949 and SGS.
  6. Q: How about the Packing?
    A: We typically use iron boxes or wooden cases, customizable based on customer preferences.
  7. Q: What is your minimum order quantity?
    A: Minimum order quantity varies based on product features such as material, weight, and construction.
  8. Q: What is the lead time?
    A: Lead time depends on new die or mold creation, typically within 30-45 days for samples and large batch production.
  9. Q: What payment methods do you accept?
    A: We accept payment via T/T or L/C with a 30% deposit in advance and 70% balance against the copy of B/L.

Certification

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Processing Object: Metal
Molding Style: Forging
Molding Technics: Pressure Casting
Samples:
US$ 20/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

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Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.







about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:







 

Initial Payment



Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

axle spindle

Can a malfunctioning axle spindle lead to brake-related issues, and if so, how?

Yes, a malfunctioning axle spindle can indeed lead to brake-related issues in a vehicle. Here is a detailed explanation of how a faulty axle spindle can affect the brake system:

The axle spindle plays a crucial role in the operation of the brake system, particularly in vehicles with disc brakes. It is responsible for supporting the wheel hub and providing a mounting point for various brake components, such as the brake rotor, caliper, and brake pads. When the axle spindle malfunctions, it can have several adverse effects on the brake system, including the following:

  • Uneven Brake Pad Wear: A malfunctioning axle spindle can cause uneven distribution of braking force on the brake rotor. This uneven force can lead to uneven wear of the brake pads. Some pads may wear out faster than others, resulting in uneven braking performance and reduced effectiveness.
  • Brake Caliper Misalignment: If the axle spindle becomes bent or damaged, it can cause misalignment of the brake caliper. The caliper may not sit properly over the brake rotor, resulting in uneven braking force or even constant contact between the brake pads and rotor. This can lead to excessive heat, premature wear of brake components, and reduced braking efficiency.
  • Brake Vibration and Noise: A malfunctioning axle spindle can cause vibrations and noise during braking. For example, if the spindle is bent or warped, it can create an uneven surface for the brake rotor. As a result, when the brake pads come into contact with the rotor, it can cause vibrations, squealing, or grinding noises. These symptoms indicate a compromised braking performance and the need for axle spindle inspection and repair.
  • Wheel Bearing Damage: The axle spindle is closely connected to the wheel bearing assembly. If the spindle is damaged or improperly aligned, it can put excessive stress on the wheel bearing, leading to its premature wear or failure. A worn or damaged wheel bearing can introduce additional friction, affect wheel rotation, and potentially cause overheating of the brake components.
  • Brake Fluid Leakage: In certain cases, a malfunctioning axle spindle can result in damage to the brake lines or connections. For example, if the spindle is severely damaged due to an accident or collision, it can cause brake fluid leakage. Brake fluid leakage compromises the hydraulic pressure in the brake system, leading to reduced braking performance or a complete brake failure.

It’s important to note that the specific brake-related issues resulting from a malfunctioning axle spindle can vary depending on the extent and nature of the spindle’s malfunction. Regular inspection and maintenance of the axle spindle, along with the brake system, are essential to identify any potential issues early and prevent further damage.

If you experience any brake-related symptoms or suspect a malfunctioning axle spindle, it is crucial to have the vehicle inspected by a qualified mechanic or technician. They can assess the condition of the axle spindle, perform necessary repairs or replacements, and ensure the proper functioning of the brake system for safe driving.

In summary, a malfunctioning axle spindle can lead to various brake-related issues, including uneven brake pad wear, brake caliper misalignment, brake vibration and noise, wheel bearing damage, and brake fluid leakage. Regular inspection and maintenance of the axle spindle and brake system are essential to prevent these issues and maintain optimal braking performance.

axle spindle

Are there recalls or common issues associated with specific axle spindle models?

Recalls and common issues can occur with specific axle spindle models. Here is a detailed explanation:

Axle spindles are critical components of a vehicle’s suspension system, responsible for supporting the weight of the vehicle and allowing the wheels to rotate. While axle spindle issues are not as common as some other automotive problems, they can still arise in certain situations or with specific models. It’s important to note that recalls and common issues can vary depending on the vehicle make, model, and year. Therefore, it’s essential to consult the manufacturer’s documentation or contact authorized dealerships to obtain the most accurate and up-to-date information regarding recalls or known problems associated with specific axle spindle models.

Recalls are typically issued by vehicle manufacturers or regulatory agencies when a safety-related defect or non-compliance with safety standards is identified in a specific component or vehicle model. When it comes to axle spindles, recalls may be issued if there is evidence of a manufacturing defect, design flaw, or other issues that could compromise the performance, durability, or safety of the axle spindle. Recalls are intended to address these concerns and ensure that affected vehicles are repaired or modified to rectify the problem.

Common issues associated with specific axle spindle models can also arise due to various factors. These issues may be reported by vehicle owners, observed by mechanics or technicians, or identified through data analysis. Common issues can include premature wear, excessive play, bearing failures, or other forms of damage or deterioration that affect the functionality or reliability of the axle spindle.

To determine if there are any recalls or common issues associated with a specific axle spindle model, follow these steps:

  1. Refer to Manufacturer’s Documentation: Check the manufacturer’s documentation, such as owner’s manuals, maintenance guides, or technical service bulletins. These resources may provide information about known issues, recalls, or recommended maintenance procedures for the axle spindle.
  2. Contact Authorized Dealerships: Reach out to authorized dealerships or service centers for the vehicle make and model. They often have access to the latest information regarding recalls or common axle spindle issues. Provide them with the specific details of your vehicle, including the make, model, year, and vehicle identification number (VIN) if requested.
  3. Check Government Recall Databases: Government agencies responsible for vehicle safety, such as the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in the United States, maintain databases of recalls. Visit their websites and search for any recalls associated with the specific vehicle make, model, and year.
  4. Online Forums and Communities: Explore online automotive forums and communities dedicated to the specific vehicle make or model. These platforms often provide valuable insights from owners who may have encountered axle spindle issues or recalls. However, exercise caution and verify the information obtained from such sources, as it may not always be accurate or up to date.

By following these steps, you can gather information about recalls or common issues associated with specific axle spindle models. If a recall or known issue is identified, it’s important to take appropriate action by contacting authorized repair facilities or dealerships to address the problem promptly.

It’s worth noting that not all axle spindle models may have recalls or common issues. Vehicle manufacturers strive to design and produce reliable components, and any potential problems are typically addressed through quality control measures and continuous improvement processes. However, occasional issues can still arise, particularly in specific production runs or under certain operating conditions.

In summary, recalls and common issues can occur with specific axle spindle models. Recalls are typically issued by manufacturers or regulatory agencies to address safety-related defects or non-compliance with safety standards. Common issues can include premature wear, excessive play, bearing failures, or other forms of damage or deterioration. To obtain accurate information about recalls or known issues, refer to the manufacturer’s documentation, contact authorized dealerships, check government recall databases, and explore online forums and communities dedicated to the specific vehicle make or model.

axle spindle

Are there differences between front and rear axle spindles in terms of design and function?

Yes, there are differences between front and rear axle spindles in terms of design and function. Here’s a detailed explanation:

The front and rear axle spindles serve similar purposes in a vehicle’s suspension system, but they have distinct characteristics and functions due to their positions and roles within the vehicle. Here are the key differences between front and rear axle spindles:

  • Position: The front axle spindle is located at the front of the vehicle, usually connected to the steering system, while the rear axle spindle is positioned at the rear of the vehicle. The front spindle plays a crucial role in steering the vehicle, while the rear spindle primarily supports the rear wheel assembly.
  • Steering Function: The front axle spindle is directly involved in the steering mechanism of the vehicle. It connects to the steering knuckle, which enables the front wheels to turn left or right, allowing the vehicle to change direction. The design of the front spindle incorporates features that facilitate steering, such as the attachment points for tie rods and steering components.
  • Load Support: The rear axle spindle is primarily responsible for supporting the weight and load of the rear wheel assembly. It transfers the forces from the wheels to the suspension system and the vehicle chassis. The design of the rear spindle focuses on load-bearing capacity and durability to withstand the forces generated during acceleration, braking, and cornering.
  • Drive Function: In vehicles with rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive systems, the rear axle spindle may also have additional components for transmitting power from the drivetrain to the rear wheels. These components, such as axle shafts, differential gears, and drive flanges, are not typically found in front axle spindles.
  • Braking System: Both front and rear axle spindles play a role in the vehicle’s braking system. However, the design and attachment points for brake components can vary between the front and rear spindles. The front spindle may incorporate mounting points for brake calipers and rotors, while the rear spindle may have provisions for brake drums or additional components for parking brake activation.

While there are differences in design and function between front and rear axle spindles, it’s important to note that these variations can also depend on the specific vehicle make, model, and suspension configuration. Different vehicles may have unique spindle designs and features tailored to their specific requirements.

Understanding the distinctions between front and rear axle spindles is important for proper maintenance, repair, and replacement. If you encounter issues with an axle spindle, it’s recommended to consult the vehicle’s manufacturer guidelines or seek assistance from a qualified mechanic or technician who can provide accurate diagnosis and appropriate solutions based on the specific axle spindle in question.

In summary, front and rear axle spindles differ in terms of position, steering function, load support, drive function (in certain cases), and braking system requirements. These differences arise from their respective roles in the vehicle’s suspension and drivetrain systems.

China wholesaler Agricultural Machinery Forged Alloy Steel Trailer Axle Spindle   axle examplesChina wholesaler Agricultural Machinery Forged Alloy Steel Trailer Axle Spindle   axle examples
editor by CX 2024-04-16

China high quality Forged Axle for Agrictural Machinery Axle Forgings axle cv joint

Product Description

Products Details

Product Name Harvester axle 
Main Process OEM Precision CNC Machined Brass Hot Forging Valve Fittings Custom Brass Forgings Machining Parts CNC Machining PartHot Forging, Cold Forging, CNC Machining
Material Carbon Steel, Stainless Steel, Aluminum Alloy  Or according to customer requirements
Forging Weight Range 10gram – 200kgs
Surface Finish Pickling, Passivation, Sand-blasting, Shot-blasting, Electro-polishing, Buffing, Mirror-polishing, Zinc/Chrome Plating, Anodizing,Powder Coating,Electrophoretic painting etc.
Machining Process CNC Machining/ Lathing/ Milling/ Turning/ Boring/ Drilling/ Tapping/ Broaching/Reaming
Machining Tolerance 0.01mm-0.05mm
Heat Treatment Solution, Annealing, Quenching, Tempering, Aging, etc.
Special Treatment Hardening, Vacuum Impregnation, etc.
Special Inspection Leakage test, Shell Strength test, Radiographic test, Ultrasonic test, Magnetic test, Liquid penetration test, Salt spray test,
etc.
Application Petrochemical industry  
Lead time 35 days for mold and samples, after confirmation of samples, mass production time is 25 days
Small Quantity Is acceptable 
   
Quality Control Full Inspection

Specification

item value
Place of Origin China
Brand Name  
Model Number ANY TYPE
Model Customizable
Name Harvester axle
Material Carbon steel 
Color According to customer requirements
Shape According to the srawings 
Characteristic steel product
MOQ 1000pcs
Keyword Forging
Lead Time 25~45 Days
Dimensions Customers’ Requiry

OUR BUSINESS SCOPE

Product application
Metal parts can be used for car, truck, elevator, refrigerator, furniture, medical instruments, other mechanical equipment, control cabinet, ventilation equipment, construction industry, wind power industry, solar industry and so on.

Product include
varieties of metal forging parts, metal press forging parts, metal welding parts, metal deep drawing parts, metal punch parts, laser cutting parts;
CNC parts, CNC machining parts, Metal chassis, metal cabinets, metal cases, metal enclosures, metal auto parts,
Metal sleeve, tube, pipe, spacer, metal bracket, bumper bracket, shackle, Radiator Block, door hanger, bar pin,

Material available
Carbon steel, Stainless steel, Spring steel, Aluminum, Aluminum alloy, Galvanized steel and so on.

Surface treatment available
polishing, grinding, brush, zinc plating, powder coating, blackening (black phosphate and light oil dip), E-coating (electrophoresis), anodizing, nickel plating, chrome plating, anti-rust oil,  etc.

Metal processing available
Forging parts: tooling making, samples approval, forming, bending, tapping, welding, assembly & finishing.
CNC parts: CNC lathe milling, CNC lathe turning, drilling, tapping, finishing & assembly.

Specification
OEM, according to customer’s drawing or sample

Tolerance
Forging parts:0.01-0.1mm, CNC machining parts:0.1-0.002mm

Service available
Before mass production, we supply pre-production samples for customer final confirmation, tooling maintenance and tooling slight change free

Certificate
ISO9001:2009

ZheJiang Duanhuang industry Co., Ltd. is located in HangZhou, China. HangZhou, the ancient capital, is a world famous historical and cultural city. It is also an important industrial city in China. Many well-known national scientific research institutions are established here, providing key technical support and services for the development and improvement of the industrial chain. The main business of our company is industrial product design, auto parts design and production, other mechanical parts design and production, titanium alloy material and its products research and development production, CZPT products research and development production, the company has a complete mechanical parts design and production process supporting process, is a professional machinery parts supplier.

The company has complete hardware supporting facilities, and the hot-die forging press models are 300T, 400T, 630T, 1000T, 1600T, 2500T, 4000T, 8000T and other different tonnage forging presses, which are suitable for the production of products from 0.1 kg to 200 kg. The cold forging machine has 4 hydraulic presses, which can produce cold forging products from 0.01 kg to 20 kg. The products can be made of carbon steel, alloy steel, copper forgings, aluminum forgings, stainless steel, titanium alloy and so on. The company′s products are mainly used in automobile industry, construction machinery industry, railway locomotives, power fittings, mining machinery and other industries. The company′s main customers are China CZPT group, China ZheJiang automobile group, China locomotive group, China yituo,and so on.

The quality control equipment of the company includes flaw detector, hardness tester, spectrometer, metallographic analysis, tensile test, coordinate measuring instrument, etc. The company is engaged in the industrial product design and production for 20 years, has accumulated the rich industry experience. The company undertakes customized OEM services for processing of incoming drawings and samples, and can complete all processes including 3D modeling design, mold design and production, product forging and pressing, heat treatment of forgings, and machining. Our company has an independent industrial design service center and a professional industrial design service team, which provides strong technical support for technological innovation of enterprises. The company has special metal products design and development, manufacturing and production services. Titanium alloy products and industrial CZPT products developed and produced by the company are widely used in machinery manufacturing industry and other related fields.
/* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Type: Axle
Usage: Farmland Infrastructure, Harvester
Material: Carbon Steel
Power Source: Diesel
Weight: 5lbs
After-sales Service: One Year After Sale Service
Samples:
US$ 20/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle

What is the role of axles in electric vehicles, and how do they differ from traditional axles?

Electric vehicles (EVs) have unique requirements when it comes to their drivetrain systems, including the axles. The role of axles in EVs is similar to traditional vehicles, but there are some key differences. Here’s a detailed explanation of the role of axles in electric vehicles and how they differ from traditional axles:

Role of Axles in Electric Vehicles:

The primary role of axles in electric vehicles is to transmit torque from the electric motor(s) to the wheels, enabling vehicle propulsion. The axles connect the motor(s) to the wheels and provide support for the weight of the vehicle. Axles are responsible for transferring the rotational force generated by the electric motor(s) to the wheels, allowing the vehicle to move forward or backward.

In electric vehicles, the axles are an integral part of the drivetrain system, which typically includes an electric motor(s), power electronics, and a battery pack. The axles play a crucial role in ensuring efficient power transfer and delivering the desired performance and handling characteristics of the vehicle.

Differences from Traditional Axles:

While the fundamental role of axles in electric vehicles is the same as in traditional vehicles, there are some notable differences due to the unique characteristics of electric propulsion systems:

1. Integration with Electric Motors: In electric vehicles, the axles are often integrated with the electric motors. This means that the motor(s) and axle assembly are combined into a single unit, commonly referred to as an “electric axle” or “e-axle.” This integration helps reduce the overall size and weight of the drivetrain system and simplifies installation in the vehicle.

2. High Torque Requirements: Electric motors generate high amounts of torque from the moment they start, providing instant acceleration. As a result, axles in electric vehicles need to handle higher torque loads compared to traditional axles. They are designed to withstand the torque output of the electric motor(s) and efficiently transmit it to the wheels.

3. Regenerative Braking: Electric vehicles often utilize regenerative braking, which converts the vehicle’s kinetic energy into electrical energy and stores it in the battery. The axles in electric vehicles may incorporate systems or components that enable regenerative braking, such as sensors, controllers, and electric brake actuators.

4. Space Optimization: Electric vehicles often have different packaging requirements compared to traditional internal combustion engine vehicles. The axles in electric vehicles are designed to accommodate the space constraints and specific layout of the vehicle, considering the placement of the battery pack, electric motor(s), and other components.

5. Weight Considerations: Electric vehicles strive to optimize weight distribution to enhance efficiency and handling. Axles in electric vehicles may be designed with lightweight materials or innovative construction techniques to minimize weight while maintaining structural integrity and durability.

It’s important to note that the specific design and characteristics of axles in electric vehicles can vary depending on the vehicle manufacturer, drivetrain configuration (e.g., front-wheel drive, rear-wheel drive, all-wheel drive), and other factors. Automotive manufacturers and suppliers continually innovate and develop new axle technologies to meet the evolving demands of electric vehicle propulsion systems.

axle

What are the symptoms of a failing CV joint, and how does it relate to the axle?

A CV (constant velocity) joint is an essential component of the axle assembly in many vehicles. When a CV joint starts to fail, it can exhibit several symptoms that indicate potential problems. Here’s a detailed explanation of the symptoms of a failing CV joint and its relationship to the axle:

Symptoms of a Failing CV Joint:

1. Clicking or popping sounds: One of the most common signs of a failing CV joint is a clicking or popping sound when making turns. This noise usually occurs during tight turns and may indicate worn-out or damaged CV joint bearings.

2. Grease leakage: A failing CV joint may leak grease, which can be seen as dark-colored grease splattered around the CV joint or on the inside of the wheel. Grease leakage is typically caused by a cracked or damaged CV joint boot, which allows the lubricating grease to escape and contaminants to enter.

3. Excessive vibration: A worn-out CV joint can cause vibrations, especially during acceleration. The vibrations may be felt in the steering wheel, floorboards, or even the entire vehicle. These vibrations can become more noticeable as the CV joint deteriorates further.

4. Difficulty in turning: As the CV joint wears out, it may become difficult to turn the vehicle, especially at low speeds or when making sharp turns. This symptom is often accompanied by a clicking or popping sound.

5. Uneven tire wear: A failing CV joint can lead to uneven tire wear. If the CV joint is damaged or worn, it can cause the axle to wobble or vibrate, resulting in uneven tire tread wear. This can be observed by visually inspecting the tires and noticing uneven patterns of wear.

Relationship to the Axle:

The CV joint is an integral part of the axle assembly. It connects the transmission to the wheels and allows smooth power delivery to the wheels while accommodating the up-and-down motion of the suspension. The axle shaft is responsible for transmitting torque from the transmission to the CV joints and ultimately to the wheels.

Axles contain one or more CV joints, depending on the vehicle’s drivetrain configuration. In front-wheel drive vehicles, each front axle typically has two CV joints, one inner and one outer. Rear-wheel drive and all-wheel drive vehicles may have CV joints on both the front and rear axles.

The CV joint consists of a joint housing, bearings, and internal ball bearings or rollers. It is protected by a rubber or thermoplastic CV joint boot, which seals in the grease and protects the joint from contaminants. When the CV joint fails, it can affect the axle’s ability to transmit power smoothly and result in the symptoms mentioned above.

Regular inspection and maintenance of the CV joint and axle assembly are crucial to identify and address any issues promptly. If any of the symptoms mentioned earlier are observed, it is recommended to have the vehicle inspected by a qualified mechanic to determine the exact cause and perform necessary repairs or replacements.

axle

How do solid axles differ from independent axles in terms of performance?

When comparing solid axles and independent axles in terms of performance, there are several key differences to consider. Both types of axles have their advantages and disadvantages, and their suitability depends on the specific application and desired performance characteristics. Here’s a comparison of solid axles and independent axles:

Aspect Solid Axles Independent Axles
Load-Bearing Capability Solid axles have high load-bearing capability due to their robust and sturdy construction. They can handle heavy loads and provide excellent stability, making them suitable for off-road vehicles, heavy-duty trucks, and towing applications. Independent axles typically have lower load-bearing capability compared to solid axles. They are designed for lighter loads and offer improved ride comfort and handling characteristics. They are commonly used in passenger cars, sports cars, and vehicles with a focus on maneuverability and road performance.
Wheel Articulation Solid axles have limited wheel articulation due to their connected and rigid design. This can result in reduced traction and compromised wheel contact with the ground on uneven terrain. However, solid axles provide excellent traction in situations where the weight distribution on all wheels needs to be maintained, such as in off-road or rock-crawling applications. Independent axles offer greater wheel articulation as each wheel can move independently of the others. This allows the wheels to better conform to uneven terrain, maximizing traction and maintaining contact with the ground. Independent axles provide improved off-road capability, enhanced handling, and better ride comfort.
Ride Comfort Due to their rigid design, solid axles generally provide a stiffer and less compliant ride compared to independent axles. They transmit more road shocks and vibrations to the vehicle’s occupants, resulting in a rougher ride quality. Independent axles are known for providing better ride comfort. Each wheel can react independently to road imperfections, absorbing shocks and vibrations more effectively. This leads to a smoother and more comfortable ride, particularly on paved roads and surfaces with minor irregularities.
Handling and Stability Solid axles offer excellent stability due to their connected nature. They provide better resistance to lateral forces, making them suitable for high-speed stability and towing applications. However, the rigid axle design can limit overall handling and maneuverability, particularly in tight corners or during quick direction changes. Independent axles generally offer improved handling and maneuverability. Each wheel can react independently to steering inputs, allowing for better cornering performance and agility. Independent axles are commonly found in vehicles where precise handling and responsive steering are desired, such as sports cars and performance-oriented vehicles.
Maintenance and Repair Solid axles are relatively simpler in design and have fewer moving parts, making them easier to maintain and repair. They are often more resistant to damage and require less frequent servicing. However, if a component within the axle assembly fails, the entire axle may need to be replaced. Independent axles are typically more complex in design and have multiple moving parts, such as control arms, CV joints, or bearings. This complexity can result in higher maintenance and repair costs. However, if a failure occurs, only the affected component needs to be replaced, reducing repair expenses compared to replacing the entire axle.

It’s important to note that advancements in suspension and axle technologies have resulted in various hybrid systems that combine features of solid and independent axles. These systems aim to provide a balance between load-bearing capability, wheel articulation, ride comfort, and handling performance based on specific application requirements.

In summary, solid axles excel in load-bearing capability, stability, and durability, making them suitable for heavy-duty applications and off-road conditions. Independent axles offer improved ride comfort, better wheel articulation, enhanced handling, and maneuverability, making them suitable for passenger cars and vehicles focused on road performance. The choice between solid axles and independent axles depends on the specific needs and priorities of the vehicle or machinery.

China high quality Forged Axle for Agrictural Machinery Axle Forgings   axle cv jointChina high quality Forged Axle for Agrictural Machinery Axle Forgings   axle cv joint
editor by CX 2024-04-09

China high quality Forged Wind Power Spindle for Wind Power Equipment Forgings Machinery Part axle alignment

Product Description

Forged Wind Power Spindle for Wind Power Equipment Forgings Machinery Part

Products Show

Factory

Inspection 

Certifications

Description  CUSTOM MADE PRECISION CASTINGS 
Material  (1)grey iron, ductile iron , pig iron 
(2)carbon steel, stainless steel, alloy steel 
(3)aluminum alloy, aluminum, A380, aluminum 6061 
(4)zinc alloy ,copper, brass, bronze etc 
Standard  ISO ,DIN, AISI, ASTM, BS, JIS, etc. 
Size  Available in all sizes or as customer’s drawings 
Certification  ISO9001:2008 
Application  Industrial parts, Machinery parts, construction parts, valve parts, train, craft, hydraulic pressure, 
Agricultural machinery, Marine hardware, Auto parts, electric power fittings, food machinery, harness fittings, tools, mining machinery parts 
Weight Range  0.01kg-200kg 
Machining precision  ±0.01mm 
Surface Treatment  Heat Treatment, Polishing, Plating, Machining, Anodizing, shot, sand blasting, zinc plated, oxide, galvanized etc. 
Process  Lost wax casting process, die casting process, sand casting process. Soluble glass casting process, silicasol casting process 
Production Application  Metal parts, Mechanical parts, Marine Hardware, Electric power fitting, Construction parts, Pipe Fitting, Hardware, Auto parts, Valve parts, Industrial parts, Agricultural machinery, Hinges, etc 
CNC and MC machining  Three coordinate measurement machine for testing. 
Service  To chart to sample production; OEM / ODM 
Packing details  Wood or carton packages as per your demands 
MOQ  500 pieces (Small order is accepted) 

Material: Carbon Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Journal Diameter Dimensional Accuracy: IT01-IT5
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Shaft Shape: Stepped Shaft
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

axle spindle

Where can I find reliable resources for learning about axle spindle maintenance and repair?

If you’re looking to learn about axle spindle maintenance and repair, there are several reliable resources available to help you gain the necessary knowledge and skills. Here’s a detailed explanation of where you can find such resources:

  • Vehicle Manufacturer’s Official Documentation: One of the best sources of information for axle spindle maintenance and repair is the official documentation provided by the vehicle manufacturer. This includes the vehicle’s owner’s manual, service manual, or technical guides. These resources often contain detailed instructions, diagrams, torque specifications, and other relevant information specific to your vehicle make, model, and year.
  • Automotive Repair Manuals: There are various reputable automotive repair manuals available in the market. These manuals, such as those published by Haynes or Chilton, provide comprehensive guides for vehicle maintenance and repair. They often cover a wide range of topics, including axle spindle maintenance and repair, with step-by-step instructions, illustrations, and troubleshooting tips.
  • Online Repair Guides and Websites: The internet offers a wealth of information on automotive maintenance and repair. Websites such as AutoZone, RepairPal, and iFixit provide detailed repair guides, tutorials, and forums where you can find information specific to axle spindle maintenance and repair. Additionally, online forums and communities dedicated to automotive enthusiasts can be valuable resources for learning from experienced individuals and seeking advice.
  • YouTube Video Tutorials: YouTube is a popular platform for instructional videos, and you can find numerous video tutorials related to axle spindle maintenance and repair. Many automotive enthusiasts, mechanics, and professional technicians create informative videos demonstrating the procedures, tools, and techniques involved in working on axle spindles. These videos often provide visual demonstrations that can be helpful for understanding the repair process.
  • Local Libraries and Bookstores: Your local library or bookstore may have a selection of automotive repair books and manuals that cover axle spindle maintenance and repair. These resources can be valuable references for learning about the topic in a more comprehensive and in-depth manner.
  • Professional Mechanics and Technicians: If you have access to professional mechanics or technicians, they can be excellent resources for learning about axle spindle maintenance and repair. They possess hands-on experience and expert knowledge in the field. You can seek their guidance, ask questions, and even observe them during the repair process to gain practical insights and tips.

When utilizing these resources, it’s important to cross-reference information and ensure that you’re consulting reputable sources. Always prioritize information from reliable and trusted sources, such as official documentation, reputable repair manuals, and established automotive websites or experts.

Learning about axle spindle maintenance and repair requires a combination of theoretical knowledge and practical experience. It’s recommended to start with the basics, familiarize yourself with the terminology, and gradually progress to more advanced topics. Take your time, follow safety precautions, and be prepared to seek professional assistance when necessary.

In summary, reliable resources for learning about axle spindle maintenance and repair can be found in various forms, including vehicle manufacturer’s official documentation, automotive repair manuals, online repair guides and websites, YouTube video tutorials, local libraries and bookstores, and professional mechanics and technicians. By utilizing these resources, you can enhance your understanding and skills in maintaining and repairing axle spindles effectively.

axle spindle

Are there recalls or common issues associated with specific axle spindle models?

Recalls and common issues can occur with specific axle spindle models. Here is a detailed explanation:

Axle spindles are critical components of a vehicle’s suspension system, responsible for supporting the weight of the vehicle and allowing the wheels to rotate. While axle spindle issues are not as common as some other automotive problems, they can still arise in certain situations or with specific models. It’s important to note that recalls and common issues can vary depending on the vehicle make, model, and year. Therefore, it’s essential to consult the manufacturer’s documentation or contact authorized dealerships to obtain the most accurate and up-to-date information regarding recalls or known problems associated with specific axle spindle models.

Recalls are typically issued by vehicle manufacturers or regulatory agencies when a safety-related defect or non-compliance with safety standards is identified in a specific component or vehicle model. When it comes to axle spindles, recalls may be issued if there is evidence of a manufacturing defect, design flaw, or other issues that could compromise the performance, durability, or safety of the axle spindle. Recalls are intended to address these concerns and ensure that affected vehicles are repaired or modified to rectify the problem.

Common issues associated with specific axle spindle models can also arise due to various factors. These issues may be reported by vehicle owners, observed by mechanics or technicians, or identified through data analysis. Common issues can include premature wear, excessive play, bearing failures, or other forms of damage or deterioration that affect the functionality or reliability of the axle spindle.

To determine if there are any recalls or common issues associated with a specific axle spindle model, follow these steps:

  1. Refer to Manufacturer’s Documentation: Check the manufacturer’s documentation, such as owner’s manuals, maintenance guides, or technical service bulletins. These resources may provide information about known issues, recalls, or recommended maintenance procedures for the axle spindle.
  2. Contact Authorized Dealerships: Reach out to authorized dealerships or service centers for the vehicle make and model. They often have access to the latest information regarding recalls or common axle spindle issues. Provide them with the specific details of your vehicle, including the make, model, year, and vehicle identification number (VIN) if requested.
  3. Check Government Recall Databases: Government agencies responsible for vehicle safety, such as the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in the United States, maintain databases of recalls. Visit their websites and search for any recalls associated with the specific vehicle make, model, and year.
  4. Online Forums and Communities: Explore online automotive forums and communities dedicated to the specific vehicle make or model. These platforms often provide valuable insights from owners who may have encountered axle spindle issues or recalls. However, exercise caution and verify the information obtained from such sources, as it may not always be accurate or up to date.

By following these steps, you can gather information about recalls or common issues associated with specific axle spindle models. If a recall or known issue is identified, it’s important to take appropriate action by contacting authorized repair facilities or dealerships to address the problem promptly.

It’s worth noting that not all axle spindle models may have recalls or common issues. Vehicle manufacturers strive to design and produce reliable components, and any potential problems are typically addressed through quality control measures and continuous improvement processes. However, occasional issues can still arise, particularly in specific production runs or under certain operating conditions.

In summary, recalls and common issues can occur with specific axle spindle models. Recalls are typically issued by manufacturers or regulatory agencies to address safety-related defects or non-compliance with safety standards. Common issues can include premature wear, excessive play, bearing failures, or other forms of damage or deterioration. To obtain accurate information about recalls or known issues, refer to the manufacturer’s documentation, contact authorized dealerships, check government recall databases, and explore online forums and communities dedicated to the specific vehicle make or model.

axle spindle

What is the primary role of the axle spindle in a vehicle’s suspension system?

The primary role of the axle spindle in a vehicle’s suspension system is to support and facilitate the rotation of the wheel assembly. Here’s a detailed explanation:

The axle spindle, also known as the wheel spindle or stub axle, is a component of the suspension system that connects the wheel hub assembly to the suspension system. It plays a crucial role in supporting the weight of the vehicle, transmitting driving forces, and allowing the wheel assembly to rotate smoothly.

Here are the primary functions and roles of the axle spindle:

  • Wheel Mounting: The axle spindle provides a mounting point for the wheel hub assembly. It typically extends from the steering knuckle or axle beam and incorporates a flange or hub surface where the wheel is mounted. The spindle ensures proper alignment and secure attachment of the wheel to the suspension system.
  • Load Support: One of the main responsibilities of the axle spindle is to support the weight of the vehicle and any additional loads. It transfers the vertical load from the wheel assembly to the suspension system and ultimately to the vehicle chassis. The spindle should be designed to withstand the weight and forces encountered during normal driving conditions.
  • Wheel Rotation: The axle spindle allows the wheel assembly to rotate freely. It acts as an axle or pivot point around which the wheel rotates when the vehicle is in motion. The spindle is typically designed with a smooth, cylindrical shape that fits into the wheel bearings, allowing for low-friction rotation.
  • Steering Function: In some suspension systems, particularly those with steering knuckles, the axle spindle also plays a role in the steering function. It connects to the steering linkage or tie rods, allowing for the controlled movement of the wheel assembly during steering maneuvers. The spindle’s design and attachment points should facilitate the proper functioning of the steering system.
  • Transmission of Forces: The axle spindle transmits driving and braking forces from the wheel assembly to the suspension system. These forces include torque from the engine during acceleration and braking forces when the brakes are applied. The spindle should be able to handle these forces without failure or excessive deflection.

It’s important to note that the design and construction of axle spindles can vary depending on the specific suspension system used in a vehicle. Different suspension types, such as independent suspension or solid axle suspension, may have variations in spindle design and attachment methods. Additionally, the axle spindle must be properly lubricated and maintained to ensure smooth operation and longevity.

In summary, the primary role of the axle spindle in a vehicle’s suspension system is to support and facilitate the rotation of the wheel assembly. It provides a mounting point for the wheel hub assembly, supports the vehicle’s weight, allows for wheel rotation, contributes to the steering function, and transmits driving forces. The design and construction of the axle spindle may vary depending on the suspension system used in the vehicle.

China high quality Forged Wind Power Spindle for Wind Power Equipment Forgings Machinery Part   axle alignmentChina high quality Forged Wind Power Spindle for Wind Power Equipment Forgings Machinery Part   axle alignment
editor by CX 2023-11-16

China Standard ISO Certificated Petroleum Machinery SWC Cardan Shaft of Audited Supplier with Great quality

Product Description

ISO Certificated Petroleum Machinery SWC Cardan Shaft of Audited Supplier

Product Description
 

structure universal Flexible or Rigid Rigid Standard or Nonstandard Nonstandard
Material Alloy steel Brand name HangZhou XIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS. Place of origin ZheJiang ,China
Model SWC Raw materials heat treatment Length depend on model
Flange DIA depend on model Nominal torque depend on model coating heavy duty industrial paint
Paint clour customization Application Oil drilling rig equipment OEM/ODM Available
Certification ISO,TUV,SGS Price calculate according to model Custom service Available

Packaging & Delivery

Packaging details:Standard plywood case

Delivery detail: 15 -20 working days,depend on the actual produce condition

FAQ

Q: Are you trading company or manufacturer ?
A: We  are  a  professional  manufacturer specializing  in  manufacturing cardan  shafts. We supply cardan shafts for the wholesalers , dealers  and end-users from different countries. 
 
Q: Can you do OEM? And what is your min order ?
A: Yes, absolutely. Generally, min order is1 set.  Most of our products are Customized. Each order from our factory, we always produce cardan shaft after customer confirmed the drawing. So we didn’t have stock.
 
Q: How does your factory do regarding quality control?
A:Quality is priority! We always attach great importance to quality controlling from the very beginning to the  end:
1) Firstly, we have QC department to control the quality
2) Secondly, we have all detailed records for nonconformity products, then we will make summary according to these records, avoid it happen again.
3) Thirdly,In order to meet world-class quality standards strict requirements, we passed the SGS, TUV product certification.
4)Fourthly,Have first-class production equipment, including CNC Machines and machining center.
 

 

Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between 2 rotating shafts. It consists of 2 parts – a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.
splineshaft

Modeling a spline coupling

Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify 1 specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the 2 spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the 2 splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You’ll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on 1 spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you’ll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.

Creating a spline coupling model 20

The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20’s geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click “Next” to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.
splineshaft

Analysing a spline coupling model 20

An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to 4 different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are 2 phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.
splineshaft

Misalignment of a spline coupling

A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered 2 levels of misalignment – 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm – with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.

China Standard ISO Certificated Petroleum Machinery SWC Cardan Shaft of Audited Supplier     with Great qualityChina Standard ISO Certificated Petroleum Machinery SWC Cardan Shaft of Audited Supplier     with Great quality

China supplier Factory Supply Pneumatic Butterfly Valve Used for Concrete Machinery wholesaler

Product Description

Factory Supply Pneumatic Butterfly Valve Used for Concrete Machinery

We, Xihu (West Lake) Dis.ng group can provide full set of CZPT concrete pump spare parts: wear pla
te and cutting ring, s pipe, s valve assy, delivery cylinder, delivery piston, delivery pipe, elbow, taper bend, clamp coupling, rubber hose, filter element, seal kits, gear pump, water pump, remote control, hydraulic pumps etc.

 
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Company Profile

HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis.ng Material Co., Ltd, started business since 1991, and was formally established as a registered company in 2002, with 5.3million RMB registered capital.

Before 2015, Xihu (West Lake) Dis.ng focused on the domestic market, and is a qualified supplier of Jianglu group and CZPT in the military and mechanical products.

In 2015, Xihu (West Lake) Dis.ng set up the international marketing department, specializing in exporting concrete construction machinery, mining Roadheaders, and the related spare parts and accessories. With manufacturing bases in HangZhou, HangZhou and HangZhou cities.

Xihu (West Lake) Dis.ng owns branches “Cahi “in Kiev Ukraine, and “Speedlane Trade Limited” overseas company. Mainly export to Pakistan, Ukraine, Russia, and other EU countries and Southeast Asian countries under our own brands “Speedlane” and ” XIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS.NG”.

Xihu (West Lake) Dis.ng has got the CE certificate, and Ukraine’s Coal Mining Safety certificate and permission. Cooperated with Ukraine largest energy company, DTEK group, the world top 500, and established a long term and friendly partnership.

Fiona Li
Sales Manager  |  Marketing&Sales Dpt.
   
  
Add: Building 27, JinQiao, Jiuhua Economic Development Zone, HangZhou City, ZheJiang Province, China
Website: huaxingm

What Are the Advantages of a Splined Shaft?

If you are looking for the right splined shaft for your machine, you should know a few important things. First, what type of material should be used? Stainless steel is usually the most appropriate choice, because of its ability to offer low noise and fatigue failure. Secondly, it can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine. Lastly, it will ensure smooth motion. So, what are the advantages of a splined shaft?
Stainless steel is the best material for splined shafts

When choosing a splined shaft, you should consider its hardness, quality, and finish. Stainless steel has superior corrosion and wear resistance. Carbon steel is another good material for splined shafts. Carbon steel has a shallow carbon content (about 1.7%), which makes it more malleable and helps ensure smooth motion. But if you’re not willing to spend the money on stainless steel, consider other options.
There are 2 main types of splines: parallel splines and crowned splines. Involute splines have parallel grooves and allow linear and rotary motion. Helical splines have involute teeth and are oriented at an angle. This type allows for many teeth on the shaft and minimizes the stress concentration in the stationary joint.
Large evenly spaced splines are widely used in hydraulic systems, drivetrains, and machine tools. They are typically made from carbon steel (CR10) and stainless steel (AISI 304). This material is durable and meets the requirements of ISO 14-B, formerly DIN 5463-B. Splined shafts are typically made of stainless steel or C45 steel, though there are many other materials available.
Stainless steel is the best material for a splined shaft. This metal is also incredibly affordable. In most cases, stainless steel is the best choice for these shafts because it offers the best corrosion resistance. There are many different types of splined shafts, and each 1 is suited for a particular application. There are also many different types of stainless steel, so choose stainless steel if you want the best quality.
For those looking for high-quality splined shafts, CZPT Spline Shafts offer many benefits. They can reduce costs, improve positional accuracy, and reduce friction. With the CZPT TFE coating, splined shafts can reduce energy and heat buildup, and extend the life of your products. And, they’re easy to install – all you need to do is install them.
splineshaft

They provide low noise, low wear and fatigue failure

The splines in a splined shaft are composed of 2 main parts: the spline root fillet and the spline relief. The spline root fillet is the most critical part, because fatigue failure starts there and propagates to the relief. The spline relief is more susceptible to fatigue failure because of its involute tooth shape, which offers a lower stress to the shaft and has a smaller area of contact.
The fatigue life of splined shafts is determined by measuring the S-N curve. This is also known as the Wohler curve, and it is the relationship between stress amplitude and number of cycles. It depends on the material, geometry and way of loading. It can be obtained from a physical test on a uniform material specimen under a constant amplitude load. Approximations for low-alloy steel parts can be made using a lower-alloy steel material.
Splined shafts provide low noise, minimal wear and fatigue failure. However, some mechanical transmission elements need to be removed from the shaft during assembly and manufacturing processes. The shafts must still be capable of relative axial movement for functional purposes. As such, good spline joints are essential to high-quality torque transmission, minimal backlash, and low noise. The major failure modes of spline shafts include fretting corrosion, tooth breakage, and fatigue failure.
The outer disc carrier spline is susceptible to tensile stress and fatigue failure. High customer demands for low noise and low wear and fatigue failure makes splined shafts an excellent choice. A fractured spline gear coupling was received for analysis. It was installed near the top of a filter shaft and inserted into the gearbox motor. The service history was unknown. The fractured spline gear coupling had longitudinally cracked and arrested at the termination of the spline gear teeth. The spline gear teeth also exhibited wear and deformation.
A new spline coupling method detects fault propagation in hollow cylindrical splined shafts. A spline coupling is fabricated using an AE method with the spline section unrolled into a metal plate of the same thickness as the cylinder wall. In addition, the spline coupling is misaligned, which puts significant concentration on the spline teeth. This further accelerates the rate of fretting fatigue and wear.
A spline joint should be lubricated after 25 hours of operation. Frequent lubrication can increase maintenance costs and cause downtime. Moreover, the lubricant may retain abrasive particles at the interfaces. In some cases, lubricants can even cause misalignment, leading to premature failure. So, the lubrication of a spline coupling is vital in ensuring proper functioning of the shaft.
The design of a spline coupling can be optimized to enhance its wear resistance and reliability. Surface treatments, loads, and rotation affect the friction properties of a spline coupling. In addition, a finite element method was developed to predict wear of a floating spline coupling. This method is feasible and provides a reliable basis for predicting the wear and fatigue life of a spline coupling.
splineshaft

They can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine

Machines can be used to shape splined shafts in a variety of industries. They are useful in many applications, including gearboxes, braking systems, and axles. A slotted shaft can be manipulated in several ways, including hobbling, broaching, and slotting. In addition to shaping, splines are also useful in reducing bar diameter.
When using a slotting or shaping machine, the workpiece is held against a pedestal that has a uniform thickness. The machine is equipped with a stand column and limiting column (Figure 1), each positioned perpendicular to the upper surface of the pedestal. The limiting column axis is located on the same line as the stand column. During the slotting or shaping process, the tool is fed in and out until the desired space is achieved.
One process involves cutting splines into a shaft. Straddle milling, spline shaping, and spline cutting are 2 common processes used to create splined shafts. Straddle milling involves a fixed indexing fixture that holds the shaft steady, while rotating milling cutters cut the groove in the length of the shaft. Several passes are required to ensure uniformity throughout the spline.
Splines are a type of gear. The ridges or teeth on the drive shaft mesh with grooves in the mating piece. A splined shaft allows the transmission of torque to a mate piece while maximizing the power transfer. Splines are used in heavy vehicles, construction, agriculture, and massive earthmoving machinery. Splines are used in virtually every type of rotary motion, from axles to transmission systems. They also offer better fatigue life and reliability.
Slotting or shaping machines can also be used to shape splined shafts. Slotting machines are often used to machine splined shafts, because it is easier to make them with these machines. Using a slotting or shaping machine can result in splined shafts of different sizes. It is important to follow a set of spline standards to ensure your parts are manufactured to the highest standards.
A milling machine is another option for producing splined shafts. A spline shaft can be set up between 2 centers in an indexing fixture. Two side milling cutters are mounted on an arbor and a spacer and shims are inserted between them. The arbor and cutters are then mounted to a milling machine spindle. To make sure the cutters center themselves over the splined shaft, an adjustment must be made to the spindle of the machine.
The machining process is very different for internal and external splines. External splines can be broached, shaped, milled, or hobbed, while internal splines cannot. These machines use hard alloy, but they are not as good for internal splines. A machine with a slotting mechanism is necessary for these operations.

China supplier Factory Supply Pneumatic Butterfly Valve Used for Concrete Machinery     wholesaler China supplier Factory Supply Pneumatic Butterfly Valve Used for Concrete Machinery     wholesaler

China manufacturer Spider Jaw Motor CZPT for Oil Pump Used for CZPT of Agricultural Machinery and Equipment near me factory

Product Description


Excellent powder metallurgy parts metallic sintered parts
We could offer various powder metallurgy parts including iron based and copper based with top quality and cheapest price, please only send the drawing or sample to us, we will according to customer’s requirement to make it. if you are interested in our product, please do not hesitate to contact us, we would like to offer the top quality and best service for you. thank you!

How do We Work with Our Clients
1. For a design expert or a big company with your own engineering team: we prefer to receive a fully RFQ pack from you including drawing, 3D model, quantity, pictures;

2. For a start-up company owner or green hand for engineering: just send an idea that you want to try, you don’t even need to know what casting is;

3. Our sales will reply you within 24 hours to confirm further details and give the estimated quote time;

4. Our engineering team will evaluate your inquiry and provide our offer within next 1~3 working days.

5. We can arrange a technical communication meeting with you and our engineers together anytime if required.

Place of origin: Jangsu,China
Type: Powder metallurgy sintering
Spare parts type: Powder metallurgy parts
Machinery Test report: Provided
Material: Iron,stainless,steel,copper
Key selling points: Quality assurance
Mould type: Tungsten steel
Material standard: MPIF 35,DIN 3571,JIS Z 2550
Application: Small home appliances,Lockset,Electric tool, automobile,
Brand Name: OEM SERVICE
Plating: Customized
After-sales Service: Online support
Processing: Powder Metallurgr,CNC Machining
Powder Metallurgr: High frequency quenching, oil immersion
Quality Control: 100% inspection

The Advantage of Powder Metallurgy Process

1. Cost effective
The final products can be compacted with powder metallurgy method ,and no need or can shorten the processing of machine .It can save material greatly and reduce the production cost .

2. Complex shapes
Powder metallurgy allows to obtain complex shapes directly from the compacting tooling ,without any machining operation ,like teeth ,splines ,profiles ,frontal geometries etc.

3. High precision
Achievable tolerances in the perpendicular direction of compacting are typically IT 8-9 as sintered,improvable up to IT 5-7 after sizing .Additional machining operations can improve the precision .

4. Self-lubrication
The interconnected porosity of the material can be filled with oils ,obtaining then a self-lubricating bearing :the oil provides constant lubrication between bearing and shaft ,and the system does not need any additional external lubricant .

5. Green technology
The manufacturing process of sintered components is certified as ecological ,because the material waste is very low ,the product is recyclable ,and the energy efficiency is good because the material is not molten. 

FAQ
Q1: What is the type of payment?
A: Usually you should prepay 50% of the total amount. The balance should be pay off before shipment.

Q2: How to guarantee the high quality?
A: 100% inspection. We have Carl Zeiss high-precision testing equipment and testing department to make sure every product of size,appearance and pressure test are good. 

Q3: How long will you give me the reply?
A: we will contact you in 12 hours as soon as we can.

Q4. How about your delivery time?
A: Generally, it will take 25 to 35 days after receiving your advance payment. The specific delivery time depends on the items and the quantity of your order. and if the item was non standard, we have to consider extra 10-15days for tooling/mould made.

Q5. Can you produce according to the samples or drawings?
A: Yes, we can produce by your samples or technical drawings. We can build the molds and fixtures.

Q6: How about tooling Charge?
A: Tooling charge only charge once when first order, all future orders would not charge again even tooling repair or under maintance.

Q7: What is your sample policy?
A: We can supply the sample if we have ready parts in stock, but the customers have to pay the sample cost and the courier cost.

Q8: How do you make our business long-term and good relationship?
A: 1. We keep good quality and competitive price to ensure our customers benefit ;
    2. We respect every customer as our friend and we sincerely do business and make friends with them, no matter where they come from.
 

Applications of Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a highly effective means of connecting 2 or more components. These types of couplings are very efficient, as they combine linear motion with rotation, and their efficiency makes them a desirable choice in numerous applications. Read on to learn more about the main characteristics and applications of spline couplings. You will also be able to determine the predicted operation and wear. You can easily design your own couplings by following the steps outlined below.
splineshaft

Optimal design

The spline coupling plays an important role in transmitting torque. It consists of a hub and a shaft with splines that are in surface contact without relative motion. Because they are connected, their angular velocity is the same. The splines can be designed with any profile that minimizes friction. Because they are in contact with each other, the load is not evenly distributed, concentrating on a small area, which can deform the hub surface.
Optimal spline coupling design takes into account several factors, including weight, material characteristics, and performance requirements. In the aeronautics industry, weight is an important design factor. S.A.E. and ANSI tables do not account for weight when calculating the performance requirements of spline couplings. Another critical factor is space. Spline couplings may need to fit in tight spaces, or they may be subject to other configuration constraints.
Optimal design of spline couplers may be characterized by an odd number of teeth. However, this is not always the case. If the external spline’s outer diameter exceeds a certain threshold, the optimal spline coupling model may not be an optimal choice for this application. To optimize a spline coupling for a specific application, the user may need to consider the sizing method that is most appropriate for their application.
Once a design is generated, the next step is to test the resulting spline coupling. The system must check for any design constraints and validate that it can be produced using modern manufacturing techniques. The resulting spline coupling model is then exported to an optimisation tool for further analysis. The method enables a designer to easily manipulate the design of a spline coupling and reduce its weight.
The spline coupling model 20 includes the major structural features of a spline coupling. A product model software program 10 stores default values for each of the spline coupling’s specifications. The resulting spline model is then calculated in accordance with the algorithm used in the present invention. The software allows the designer to enter the spline coupling’s radii, thickness, and orientation.
splineshaft

Characteristics

An important aspect of aero-engine splines is the load distribution among the teeth. The researchers have performed experimental tests and have analyzed the effect of lubrication conditions on the coupling behavior. Then, they devised a theoretical model using a Ruiz parameter to simulate the actual working conditions of spline couplings. This model explains the wear damage caused by the spline couplings by considering the influence of friction, misalignment, and other conditions that are relevant to the splines’ performance.
In order to design a spline coupling, the user first inputs the design criteria for sizing load carrying sections, including the external spline 40 of the spline coupling model 30. Then, the user specifies torque margin performance requirement specifications, such as the yield limit, plastic buckling, and creep buckling. The software program then automatically calculates the size and configuration of the load carrying sections and the shaft. These specifications are then entered into the model software program 10 as specification values.
Various spline coupling configuration specifications are input on the GUI screen 80. The software program 10 then generates a spline coupling model by storing default values for the various specifications. The user then can manipulate the spline coupling model by modifying its various specifications. The final result will be a computer-aided design that enables designers to optimize spline couplings based on their performance and design specifications.
The spline coupling model software program continually evaluates the validity of spline coupling models for a particular application. For example, if a user enters a data value signal corresponding to a parameter signal, the software compares the value of the signal entered to the corresponding value in the knowledge base. If the values are outside the specifications, a warning message is displayed. Once this comparison is completed, the spline coupling model software program outputs a report with the results.
Various spline coupling design factors include weight, material properties, and performance requirements. Weight is 1 of the most important design factors, particularly in the aeronautics field. ANSI and S.A.E. tables do not consider these factors when calculating the load characteristics of spline couplings. Other design requirements may also restrict the configuration of a spline coupling.

Applications

Spline couplings are a type of mechanical joint that connects 2 rotating shafts. Its 2 parts engage teeth that transfer load. Although splines are commonly over-dimensioned, they are still prone to fatigue and static behavior. These properties also make them prone to wear and tear. Therefore, proper design and selection are vital to minimize wear and tear on splines. There are many applications of spline couplings.
A key design is based on the size of the shaft being joined. This allows for the proper spacing of the keys. A novel method of hobbing allows for the formation of tapered bases without interference, and the root of the keys is concentric with the axis. These features enable for high production rates. Various applications of spline couplings can be found in various industries. To learn more, read on.
FE based methodology can predict the wear rate of spline couplings by including the evolution of the coefficient of friction. This method can predict fretting wear from simple round-on-flat geometry, and has been calibrated with experimental data. The predicted wear rate is reasonable compared to the experimental data. Friction evolution in spline couplings depends on the spline geometry. It is also crucial to consider the lubrication condition of the splines.
Using a spline coupling reduces backlash and ensures proper alignment of mated components. The shaft’s splined tooth form transfers rotation from the splined shaft to the internal splined member, which may be a gear or other rotary device. A spline coupling’s root strength and torque requirements determine the type of spline coupling that should be used.
The spline root is usually flat and has a crown on 1 side. The crowned spline has a symmetrical crown at the centerline of the face-width of the spline. As the spline length decreases toward the ends, the teeth are becoming thinner. The tooth diameter is measured in pitch. This means that the male spline has a flat root and a crowned spline.
splineshaft

Predictability

Spindle couplings are used in rotating machinery to connect 2 shafts. They are composed of 2 parts with teeth that engage each other and transfer load. Spline couplings are commonly over-dimensioned and are prone to static and fatigue behavior. Wear phenomena are also a common problem with splines. To address these issues, it is essential to understand the behavior and predictability of these couplings.
Dynamic behavior of spline-rotor couplings is often unclear, particularly if the system is not integrated with the rotor. For example, when a misalignment is not present, the main response frequency is 1 X-rotating speed. As the misalignment increases, the system starts to vibrate in complex ways. Furthermore, as the shaft orbits depart from the origin, the magnitudes of all the frequencies increase. Thus, research results are useful in determining proper design and troubleshooting of rotor systems.
The model of misaligned spline couplings can be obtained by analyzing the stress-compression relationships between 2 spline pairs. The meshing force model of splines is a function of the system mass, transmitting torque, and dynamic vibration displacement. This model holds when the dynamic vibration displacement is small. Besides, the CZPT stepping integration method is stable and has high efficiency.
The slip distributions are a function of the state of lubrication, coefficient of friction, and loading cycles. The predicted wear depths are well within the range of measured values. These predictions are based on the slip distributions. The methodology predicts increased wear under lightly lubricated conditions, but not under added lubrication. The lubrication condition and coefficient of friction are the key factors determining the wear behavior of splines.

China manufacturer Spider Jaw Motor CZPT for Oil Pump Used for CZPT of Agricultural Machinery and Equipment     near me factory China manufacturer Spider Jaw Motor CZPT for Oil Pump Used for CZPT of Agricultural Machinery and Equipment     near me factory

China Good quality High Quality SWC620 Welded Shaft Design with Length Compensation for Machinery with high quality

Product Description

Who we are?
HangZhou XIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS. CARDANSHAFT CO;LTD has 15 years history.;When the general manager Mr.;Rony Du graduated from the university,;he always concentrated his attention on the research and development,;production and sales of the cardan shaft.;Mr.;Rony Du and his team started from scratch,;from 1 lathe and a very small order,;step by step to grow up.;He often said to his team”We will only do 1 thing well——to make the perfect cardan shaft”.;

HangZhou XIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS. CARDANSHAFT CO.;,;LTD was founded in 2005.;The registered capital is 8 million ,;covers an area of 15 acres,; has 30 existing staff.; The company specializing in the production of SWC,; SWP cross universal coupling and drum tooth coupling.;The company with factory is located in the beautiful coast of Tai Lake –Hudai (HangZhou Economic Development Zone Hudai Industrial Park);.;
In order to become China’s leading cardan shaft one-stop solution expert supplier .;XIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS. CARDANSHAFT independent research and development of SWC light,; medium,; short,; heavy Designs cardan shaft have reached the leading domestic level.;Products not only supporting domestic large and medium-sized customers,; but also exported to the United States,; India,; Vietnam,; Laos,; Ukraine,; Russia,; Germany,; Britain and other countries and areas.;In the past 15 years,; the company has accumulated a wealth of experience,; learn from foreign advanced technology,; and to absorb and use the universal axis has been improved several times,; so that the structure is maturing,; significantly improved performance.;
 
XIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS. belief:; “Continuous innovation,; optimize the structure,; perseverance” to create a high quality of outstanding cardan shaft manufacturer.;We always adhere to the ISO9001 quality control system,; from the details to start,; standardize the production process,; and to achieve processing equipment “specialization,; numerical control” rapid increase in product quality.;This Not only won the majority of customers reputation,; but also access to peer recognition.; We continue to strive to pursue:; “for customers to create the greatest value,; for the staff to build the best platform”,; will be CZPT to achieve customer and business mutually beneficial win win situation.;

Why choose us?
First,;select raw material carefully
 
 The cross is the core component of cardan shaft,;so the selection of material is particularly critical.;Raw materials of the cross for light Duty Size and Medium Duty Size,;we choose the 20CrMnTi special gear steel bar from SHAGANG GROUP.;Being forged in 2500 ton friction press to ensure internal metallurgical structure,;inspecting the geometric dimensions of each part to meet the drawing requirements,;then transfer to machining,;the processes of milling,; turning,; quenching and grinding.;
 
The inspector will screen blank yoke head.;The porosity,; cracks,; slag,; etc.; do not meet the requirements of the casting foundry are all eliminated,;then doing physical and chemical analysis,; to see whether the ingredients meet the requirements,; unqualified re-elimination.;And then transferred to the quenching and tempering heat treatment,; once again check the hardness to see if meet the requirements,; qualified to be transferred to the machining process.; We control from the source of the material to ensure the supply of raw materials qualified rate of 99%.;
 
  
Second,;advanced production equipment
 
XIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS. Company introduced four-axis linkage machining center made in ZheJiang ,; milling the keyway and flange bolt hole of the flange yoke,; The once machine-shaping ensures that the symmetry of the keyway and the position of the bolt hole are less than 0.;02mm,;which greatly improves the installation accuracy of the flange,;the 4 axis milling and drilling center holes of the cross are integrated,;to ensure that the 4 shaft symmetry and verticality are less than 0.;02mm,;the process of the journal cross assembly service life can be increased by 30%,; and the speed at 1000 rpm above the cardan shaft running smoothly and super life is crucial to the operation.;
 
We use CNC machine to lathe flange yoke and welded yoke,;CNC machine can not only ensure the accuracy of the flange connection with the mouth,; but also improve the flange surface finish.;
 
5 meters automatic welding machine welding spline sleeve and tube,;welded yoke and tube.;With the welding CZPT swing mechanism,; automatic lifting mechanism,; adjustment mechanism and welding CZPT cooling system,; welding machine can realize multi ring continuous welding,; each coil current and voltage can be preset,; arc starting and stopping control PLC procedures,; reliable welding quality,; the weld bead is smooth and beautiful,; to control the welding process with fixed procedures,; greatly reducing the uncertainty of human during welding,; greatly improve the welding effect.;
 
 
High speed cardan shaft needs to do dynamic balance test before leaving the factory.;Unbalanced cardan shaft will produce excessive centrifugal force at high speed and reduce the service life of the bearing;the dynamic balance test can eliminate the uneven distribution of the casting weight and the mass distribution of the whole assembly;Through the experiment to achieve the design of the required balance quality,; improve the universal shaft service life.;In 2008 the company introduced 2 high-precision dynamic balance test bench,; the maximum speed can reach 4000 rev / min,; the balance of G0.;8 accuracy,; balance weight 2kg–1000kg.;
 
In order to make the paint standardization,; in 2009 the company bought 10 meters of clean paint room ,; the surface treatment of cardan shaft is more standardized,; paint fastness is more rugged,; staff’s working conditions improved,; exhaust of harmless treatment.;
 
Third,;Professional transport packaging
 
 
The packing of the export cardan shaft is all in the same way as the plywood wooden box,; and then it is firmly secured with the iron sheet,; so as to avoid the damage caused by the complicated situation in the long-distance transportation.; Meet the standard requirements of plywood boxes into Europe and other countries,; no matter where can successfully reach all the country’s ports.;

The following table for SWC Medium-sized Universal Shaft Parameters.; 
Designs

Data and Sizes of SWCZ Series Universal Joint Couplings
 

pe Design
Data
Item
SWC160 SWC180 SWC200 SWC225 SWC250 SWC265 SWC285 SWC315 SWC350 SWC390 SWC440 SWC490 SWC550 SWC620
A L 740 800 900 1000 1060 1120 1270 1390 1520 1530 1690 1850 2060 2280
LV 100 100 120 140 140 140 140 140 150 170 190 190 240 250
M(kg); 65 83 115 152 219 260 311 432 610 804 1122 1468 2154 2830
B L 480 530 590 640 730 790 840 930 100 1571 1130 1340 1400 1520
M(kg); 44 60 85 110 160 180 226 320 440 590 820 1090 1560 2100
C L 380 420 480 500 560 600 640 720 782 860 1040 1080 1220 1360
M(kg); 35 48 66 90 130 160 189 270 355 510 780 970 1330 1865
D L 520 580 620 690 760 810 860 970 1030 1120 1230 1360 1550 1720
M(kg); 48 65 90 120 173 220 250 355 485 665 920 1240 1765 2390
E L 800 850 940 1050 1120 1180 1320 1440 1550 1710 1880 2050 2310 2540
LV 100 100 120 140 140 140 140 140 150 170 190 190 240 250
M(kg); 70 92 126 165 238 280 340 472 660 886 1230 1625 2368 3135
  Tn(kN·m); 16 22.;4 31.;5 40 63 80 90 125 180 250 355 500 710 1000
  TF(kN·m); 8 11.;2 16 20 31.;5 40 45 63 90 125 180 250 355 500
  Β(°); 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
  D 160 180 200 225 250 265 285 315 350 390 440 490 550 620
  Df 160 180 200 225 250 265 285 315 350 3690 440 490 550 620
  D1 137 155 170 196 218 233 245 280 310 345 390 435 492 555
  D2(H9); 100 105 120 135 150 160 170 185 210 235 255 275 320 380
  D3 108 114 140 159 168 180 194 219 245 273 299 325 402 426
  Lm 95 105 110 125 140 150 160 180 195 215 260 270 305 340
  K 16 17 18 20 25 25 27 32 35 40 42 47 50 55
  T 4 5 5 5 6 6 7 8 8 8 10 12 12 12
  N 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 16 16 16 16
  D 15 17 17 17 19 19 21 23 23 25 28 31 31 38
  B 20 24 32 32 40 40 40 40 50 70 80 90 100 100
  G 6.;0 7.;0 9.;0 9.;0 12.;5 12.;5 12.;5 15.;0 16.;0 18.;0 20.;0 22.;5 22.;5 25
  MI(Kg); 2.;57 3 3.;85 3.;85 5.;17 6 6.;75 8.;25 10.;6 13 18.;50 23.;75 29.;12 38.;08
  Size M14 M16 M16 M16 M18 M18 M20 M22 M22 M24 M27 M30 M30 M36
  Tightening torque(Nm); 180 270 270 270 372 372 526 710 710 906 1340 1820 1820 3170

1.; Notations:; 
L=Standard length,; or compressed length for designs with length compensation; 
LV=Length compensation; 
M=Weight; 
Tn=Nominal torque(Yield torque 50% over Tn);; 
TF=Fatigue torque,; I.; E.; Permissible torque as determined according to the fatigue strength
Under reversing loads; 
Β=Maximum deflection angle; 
MI=weight per 100mm tube
2.; Millimeters are used as measurement units except where noted; 
3.; Please consult us for customizations regarding length,; length compensation and
Flange connections.; 
(DIN or SAT etc.; );
 

Stiffness and Torsional Vibration of Spline-Couplings

In this paper, we describe some basic characteristics of spline-coupling and examine its torsional vibration behavior. We also explore the effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling. These results will assist in the design of improved spline-coupling systems for various applications. The results are presented in Table 1.
splineshaft

Stiffness of spline-coupling

The stiffness of a spline-coupling is a function of the meshing force between the splines in a rotor-spline coupling system and the static vibration displacement. The meshing force depends on the coupling parameters such as the transmitting torque and the spline thickness. It increases nonlinearly with the spline thickness.
A simplified spline-coupling model can be used to evaluate the load distribution of splines under vibration and transient loads. The axle spline sleeve is displaced a z-direction and a resistance moment T is applied to the outer face of the sleeve. This simple model can satisfy a wide range of engineering requirements but may suffer from complex loading conditions. Its asymmetric clearance may affect its engagement behavior and stress distribution patterns.
The results of the simulations show that the maximum vibration acceleration in both Figures 10 and 22 was 3.03 g/s. This results indicate that a misalignment in the circumferential direction increases the instantaneous impact. Asymmetry in the coupling geometry is also found in the meshing. The right-side spline’s teeth mesh tightly while those on the left side are misaligned.
Considering the spline-coupling geometry, a semi-analytical model is used to compute stiffness. This model is a simplified form of a classical spline-coupling model, with submatrices defining the shape and stiffness of the joint. As the design clearance is a known value, the stiffness of a spline-coupling system can be analyzed using the same formula.
The results of the simulations also show that the spline-coupling system can be modeled using MASTA, a high-level commercial CAE tool for transmission analysis. In this case, the spline segments were modeled as a series of spline segments with variable stiffness, which was calculated based on the initial gap between spline teeth. Then, the spline segments were modelled as a series of splines of increasing stiffness, accounting for different manufacturing variations. The resulting analysis of the spline-coupling geometry is compared to those of the finite-element approach.
Despite the high stiffness of a spline-coupling system, the contact status of the contact surfaces often changes. In addition, spline coupling affects the lateral vibration and deformation of the rotor. However, stiffness nonlinearity is not well studied in splined rotors because of the lack of a fully analytical model.
splineshaft

Characteristics of spline-coupling

The study of spline-coupling involves a number of design factors. These include weight, materials, and performance requirements. Weight is particularly important in the aeronautics field. Weight is often an issue for design engineers because materials have varying dimensional stability, weight, and durability. Additionally, space constraints and other configuration restrictions may require the use of spline-couplings in certain applications.
The main parameters to consider for any spline-coupling design are the maximum principal stress, the maldistribution factor, and the maximum tooth-bearing stress. The magnitude of each of these parameters must be smaller than or equal to the external spline diameter, in order to provide stability. The outer diameter of the spline must be at least 4 inches larger than the inner diameter of the spline.
Once the physical design is validated, the spline coupling knowledge base is created. This model is pre-programmed and stores the design parameter signals, including performance and manufacturing constraints. It then compares the parameter values to the design rule signals, and constructs a geometric representation of the spline coupling. A visual model is created from the input signals, and can be manipulated by changing different parameters and specifications.
The stiffness of a spline joint is another important parameter for determining the spline-coupling stiffness. The stiffness distribution of the spline joint affects the rotor’s lateral vibration and deformation. A finite element method is a useful technique for obtaining lateral stiffness of spline joints. This method involves many mesh refinements and requires a high computational cost.
The diameter of the spline-coupling must be large enough to transmit the torque. A spline with a larger diameter may have greater torque-transmitting capacity because it has a smaller circumference. However, the larger diameter of a spline is thinner than the shaft, and the latter may be more suitable if the torque is spread over a greater number of teeth.
Spline-couplings are classified according to their tooth profile along the axial and radial directions. The radial and axial tooth profiles affect the component’s behavior and wear damage. Splines with a crowned tooth profile are prone to angular misalignment. Typically, these spline-couplings are oversized to ensure durability and safety.

Stiffness of spline-coupling in torsional vibration analysis

This article presents a general framework for the study of torsional vibration caused by the stiffness of spline-couplings in aero-engines. It is based on a previous study on spline-couplings. It is characterized by the following 3 factors: bending stiffness, total flexibility, and tangential stiffness. The first criterion is the equivalent diameter of external and internal splines. Both the spline-coupling stiffness and the displacement of splines are evaluated by using the derivative of the total flexibility.
The stiffness of a spline joint can vary based on the distribution of load along the spline. Variables affecting the stiffness of spline joints include the torque level, tooth indexing errors, and misalignment. To explore the effects of these variables, an analytical formula is developed. The method is applicable for various kinds of spline joints, such as splines with multiple components.
Despite the difficulty of calculating spline-coupling stiffness, it is possible to model the contact between the teeth of the shaft and the hub using an analytical approach. This approach helps in determining key magnitudes of coupling operation such as contact peak pressures, reaction moments, and angular momentum. This approach allows for accurate results for spline-couplings and is suitable for both torsional vibration and structural vibration analysis.
The stiffness of spline-coupling is commonly assumed to be rigid in dynamic models. However, various dynamic phenomena associated with spline joints must be captured in high-fidelity drivetrain models. To accomplish this, a general analytical stiffness formulation is proposed based on a semi-analytical spline load distribution model. The resulting stiffness matrix contains radial and tilting stiffness values as well as torsional stiffness. The analysis is further simplified with the blockwise inversion method.
It is essential to consider the torsional vibration of a power transmission system before selecting the coupling. An accurate analysis of torsional vibration is crucial for coupling safety. This article also discusses case studies of spline shaft wear and torsionally-induced failures. The discussion will conclude with the development of a robust and efficient method to simulate these problems in real-life scenarios.
splineshaft

Effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling

In this study, the effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline coupling is investigated. The stability boundary and mechanism of rotor instability are analyzed. We find that the meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling increases nonlinearly with spline thickness. The results demonstrate that the misalignment is responsible for the instability of the rotor-spline coupling system.
An intentional spline misalignment is introduced to achieve an interference fit and zero backlash condition. This leads to uneven load distribution among the spline teeth. A further spline misalignment of 50um can result in rotor-spline coupling failure. The maximum tensile root stress shifted to the left under this condition.
Positive spline misalignment increases the gear mesh misalignment. Conversely, negative spline misalignment has no effect. The right-handed spline misalignment is opposite to the helix hand. The high contact area is moved from the center to the left side. In both cases, gear mesh is misaligned due to deflection and tilting of the gear under load.
This variation of the tooth surface is measured as the change in clearance in the transverse plain. The radial and axial clearance values are the same, while the difference between the 2 is less. In addition to the frictional force, the axial clearance of the splines is the same, which increases the gear mesh misalignment. Hence, the same procedure can be used to determine the frictional force of a rotor-spline coupling.
Gear mesh misalignment influences spline-rotor coupling performance. This misalignment changes the distribution of the gear mesh and alters contact and bending stresses. Therefore, it is essential to understand the effects of misalignment in spline couplings. Using a simplified system of helical gear pair, Hong et al. examined the load distribution along the tooth interface of the spline. This misalignment caused the flank contact pattern to change. The misaligned teeth exhibited deflection under load and developed a tilting moment on the gear.
The effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline couplings is minimized by using a mechanism that reduces backlash. The mechanism comprises cooperably splined male and female members. One member is formed by 2 coaxially aligned splined segments with end surfaces shaped to engage in sliding relationship. The connecting device applies axial loads to these segments, causing them to rotate relative to 1 another.

China Good quality High Quality SWC620 Welded Shaft Design with Length Compensation for Machinery     with high qualityChina Good quality High Quality SWC620 Welded Shaft Design with Length Compensation for Machinery     with high quality

China manufacturer Shaft Collars Machinery Part Shaft Clamping Collar with Hot selling

Product Description

High quality double split shaft collar stainless steel precision shaft clamp

Model Bore Size O.D. Width Screw Approx.Weight
(g)
ISC-12 3/16 7/16 1/4 8-32×1/8 3.9
ISC-18 1/4 1/2 9/32 8-32×1/8 5.3
ISC-25 5/16 5/8 11/32 10-32×5/32 10.2
ISC-31 3/8 3/4 3/8 1/4-20×3/16 16
ISC-37 7/16 7/8 7/16 1/4-20×1/4 25.4
ISC-43 1/2 1 7/16 1/4-20×1/4 33.2
ISC-50 9/16 1 7/16 1/4-20×1/4 30.3
ISC-56 5/8 1 1/8 1/2 5/16-18×1/4 44.2
ISC-62 11/16 1 1/4 9/16 5/16-18×1/4 62
ISC-68 3/4 1 1/4 9/16 5/16-18×1/4 56.9
ISC-75 13/16 1  5/16 9/16 5/16-18×1/4 60.4
ISC-81 7/8 1 1/2 9/16 5/16-18×5/16 84.4
ISC-87 15/16 1 5/8 9/16 5/16-18×5/16 100.2
ISC-93 1 1 5/8 5/8 5/16-18×5/16 103.6
ISC-100 1  1/16 1 3/4 5/8 5/16-18×5/16 122.1
ISC-106 1 1/8 1 3/4 5/8 5/16-18×5/16 113.5
ISC-112 1  3/16 2 11/16 3/8-16×3/8 180

Product Features:

1.Effective on hard and soft shafts 
2.Cost effective collar design 
3.Easily installed where major disassembly would otherwise be required Simply slide these collars onto a shaft and tighten the set screw to hold the collar in place.Collars are easy to adjust with their set screws. 

 Types of shaft collars:

Solid Setscrew shaft collar,Hex bore shaft collar,One Piece shaft collar,Two 

Piece shaft collar,Threaded shaft collar,Single split shaft collar,Double split shaft collar 

Our products can be made according to Climax,Holo-Krome,Stafford,Ruland etc.  

Note of single split shaft collar: 

1.Material:AL,Steel,Stainless steel,Alloy,Copper,Plastic 

2.Finish: Black oxide, self-color, oiled, zinc plated 

3.Processes:Broaching/ Hobbing/ Slotting/tapping 

4.Package:box/carton/wooden case 

5.Lead time:20-35 days 

6.ISO9001:2008 Certificated

Use: 

single split shaft collars are used in a variety of application and industries. Examples include agricultural implements, office machines, exercise equipment, mixers, and printing presses.A variety of specialized products are available. Knurled shaft collars provide a friction surface for hand gripping and are suitable for conveyors and other applications which require frequent collar adjustment. 
Hexagonal-bore shaft collars are suitable for power transmission and drive applications. 
Heavy-duty shaft collars feature large cross sections and sturdy clamping screws for added holding power. 
Because heavy-duty shaft collars provide better vibration and shock resistance, 
they are designed for applications such as off-road, mining, paper and steel mill equipment. 
 
Main Products:
1. Timing Belt Pulley (Synchronous Pulley), Timing Bar, Clamping Plate; 
2. Forging, Casting, Stampling Part; 
3. V Belt Pulley and Taper Lock Bush; Sprocket, Idler and Plate Wheel;Spur Gear, Bevel Gear, Rack;  
4. Shaft Locking Device: could be alternative for Ringfeder, Sati, Chiaravalli, Tollok, etc.; 
5. Shaft Coupling:including Miniature couplings, Curved tooth coupling, Chain coupling, HRC coupling, Normex coupling, Type coupling, GE Coupling, torque limiter, Universal Joint;  
6. Shaft Collars: including Setscrew Type, Single Split and Double Splits; 
7. Gear & Rack: Spur gear/rack, bevel gear, helical gear/rack
8. Other customized Machining Parts according to drawings (OEM).

PACKING

 

Packaging
                      
    Packing  

 

We use standard export wooden case, carton and pallet, but we can also pack it as per your special requirements.

OUR COMPANY
 

ZheJiang Mighty Machinery Co., Ltd. specializes in offering best service and the most competitive price for our customer.

After over 10 years’ hard work, MIGHTY’s business has grown rapidly and become an important partner for oversea clients in the industrial field and become a holding company for 3 manufacturing factories.

MIGHTY’s products have obtained reputation of domestic and oversea customers with taking advantage of technology, management, quality and very competitive price.

Your satisfaction is the biggest motivation for our work, choose us to get high quality products and best service.

OUR FACTORY
 

FAQ

Q: Are you trading company or manufacturer ?

A: We are factory.

Q: How long is your delivery time?

A: Generally it is 5-10 days if the goods are in stock. or it is 15-20 days if the goods are not in stock, it is according to quantity.

Q: Do you provide samples ? is it free or extra ?

A: Yes, we could offer the sample for free charge but do not pay the cost of freight.

Q: What is your terms of payment ?

A: Payment=1000USD, 30% T/T in advance ,balance before shippment.

We warmly welcome friends from domestic and abroad come to us for business negotiation and cooperation for mutual benefit.To supply customers excellent quality products with good price and punctual delivery time is our responsibility.

What Are the Advantages of a Splined Shaft?

If you are looking for the right splined shaft for your machine, you should know a few important things. First, what type of material should be used? Stainless steel is usually the most appropriate choice, because of its ability to offer low noise and fatigue failure. Secondly, it can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine. Lastly, it will ensure smooth motion. So, what are the advantages of a splined shaft?
Stainless steel is the best material for splined shafts

When choosing a splined shaft, you should consider its hardness, quality, and finish. Stainless steel has superior corrosion and wear resistance. Carbon steel is another good material for splined shafts. Carbon steel has a shallow carbon content (about 1.7%), which makes it more malleable and helps ensure smooth motion. But if you’re not willing to spend the money on stainless steel, consider other options.
There are 2 main types of splines: parallel splines and crowned splines. Involute splines have parallel grooves and allow linear and rotary motion. Helical splines have involute teeth and are oriented at an angle. This type allows for many teeth on the shaft and minimizes the stress concentration in the stationary joint.
Large evenly spaced splines are widely used in hydraulic systems, drivetrains, and machine tools. They are typically made from carbon steel (CR10) and stainless steel (AISI 304). This material is durable and meets the requirements of ISO 14-B, formerly DIN 5463-B. Splined shafts are typically made of stainless steel or C45 steel, though there are many other materials available.
Stainless steel is the best material for a splined shaft. This metal is also incredibly affordable. In most cases, stainless steel is the best choice for these shafts because it offers the best corrosion resistance. There are many different types of splined shafts, and each 1 is suited for a particular application. There are also many different types of stainless steel, so choose stainless steel if you want the best quality.
For those looking for high-quality splined shafts, CZPT Spline Shafts offer many benefits. They can reduce costs, improve positional accuracy, and reduce friction. With the CZPT TFE coating, splined shafts can reduce energy and heat buildup, and extend the life of your products. And, they’re easy to install – all you need to do is install them.
splineshaft

They provide low noise, low wear and fatigue failure

The splines in a splined shaft are composed of 2 main parts: the spline root fillet and the spline relief. The spline root fillet is the most critical part, because fatigue failure starts there and propagates to the relief. The spline relief is more susceptible to fatigue failure because of its involute tooth shape, which offers a lower stress to the shaft and has a smaller area of contact.
The fatigue life of splined shafts is determined by measuring the S-N curve. This is also known as the Wohler curve, and it is the relationship between stress amplitude and number of cycles. It depends on the material, geometry and way of loading. It can be obtained from a physical test on a uniform material specimen under a constant amplitude load. Approximations for low-alloy steel parts can be made using a lower-alloy steel material.
Splined shafts provide low noise, minimal wear and fatigue failure. However, some mechanical transmission elements need to be removed from the shaft during assembly and manufacturing processes. The shafts must still be capable of relative axial movement for functional purposes. As such, good spline joints are essential to high-quality torque transmission, minimal backlash, and low noise. The major failure modes of spline shafts include fretting corrosion, tooth breakage, and fatigue failure.
The outer disc carrier spline is susceptible to tensile stress and fatigue failure. High customer demands for low noise and low wear and fatigue failure makes splined shafts an excellent choice. A fractured spline gear coupling was received for analysis. It was installed near the top of a filter shaft and inserted into the gearbox motor. The service history was unknown. The fractured spline gear coupling had longitudinally cracked and arrested at the termination of the spline gear teeth. The spline gear teeth also exhibited wear and deformation.
A new spline coupling method detects fault propagation in hollow cylindrical splined shafts. A spline coupling is fabricated using an AE method with the spline section unrolled into a metal plate of the same thickness as the cylinder wall. In addition, the spline coupling is misaligned, which puts significant concentration on the spline teeth. This further accelerates the rate of fretting fatigue and wear.
A spline joint should be lubricated after 25 hours of operation. Frequent lubrication can increase maintenance costs and cause downtime. Moreover, the lubricant may retain abrasive particles at the interfaces. In some cases, lubricants can even cause misalignment, leading to premature failure. So, the lubrication of a spline coupling is vital in ensuring proper functioning of the shaft.
The design of a spline coupling can be optimized to enhance its wear resistance and reliability. Surface treatments, loads, and rotation affect the friction properties of a spline coupling. In addition, a finite element method was developed to predict wear of a floating spline coupling. This method is feasible and provides a reliable basis for predicting the wear and fatigue life of a spline coupling.
splineshaft

They can be machined using a slotting or shaping machine

Machines can be used to shape splined shafts in a variety of industries. They are useful in many applications, including gearboxes, braking systems, and axles. A slotted shaft can be manipulated in several ways, including hobbling, broaching, and slotting. In addition to shaping, splines are also useful in reducing bar diameter.
When using a slotting or shaping machine, the workpiece is held against a pedestal that has a uniform thickness. The machine is equipped with a stand column and limiting column (Figure 1), each positioned perpendicular to the upper surface of the pedestal. The limiting column axis is located on the same line as the stand column. During the slotting or shaping process, the tool is fed in and out until the desired space is achieved.
One process involves cutting splines into a shaft. Straddle milling, spline shaping, and spline cutting are 2 common processes used to create splined shafts. Straddle milling involves a fixed indexing fixture that holds the shaft steady, while rotating milling cutters cut the groove in the length of the shaft. Several passes are required to ensure uniformity throughout the spline.
Splines are a type of gear. The ridges or teeth on the drive shaft mesh with grooves in the mating piece. A splined shaft allows the transmission of torque to a mate piece while maximizing the power transfer. Splines are used in heavy vehicles, construction, agriculture, and massive earthmoving machinery. Splines are used in virtually every type of rotary motion, from axles to transmission systems. They also offer better fatigue life and reliability.
Slotting or shaping machines can also be used to shape splined shafts. Slotting machines are often used to machine splined shafts, because it is easier to make them with these machines. Using a slotting or shaping machine can result in splined shafts of different sizes. It is important to follow a set of spline standards to ensure your parts are manufactured to the highest standards.
A milling machine is another option for producing splined shafts. A spline shaft can be set up between 2 centers in an indexing fixture. Two side milling cutters are mounted on an arbor and a spacer and shims are inserted between them. The arbor and cutters are then mounted to a milling machine spindle. To make sure the cutters center themselves over the splined shaft, an adjustment must be made to the spindle of the machine.
The machining process is very different for internal and external splines. External splines can be broached, shaped, milled, or hobbed, while internal splines cannot. These machines use hard alloy, but they are not as good for internal splines. A machine with a slotting mechanism is necessary for these operations.

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China Custom The Customized SWC Series Cardan Shaft/Shaft for Machinery with high quality

Product Description

SWC Series-Medium-Duty Designs Cardan shaft

Designs

Data and Sizes of SWC Series Universal Joint Couplings

Type Design
Data
Item
SWC160 SWC180 SWC200 SWC225 SWC250 SWC265 SWC285 SWC315 SWC350 SWC390 SWC440 SWC490 SWC550 SWC620
A L 740 800 900 1000 1060 1120 1270 1390 1520 1530 1690 1850 2060 2280
LV 100 100 120 140 140 140 140 140 150 170 190 190 240 250
M(kg) 65 83 115 152 219 260 311 432 610 804 1122 1468 2154 2830
B L 480 530 590 640 730 790 840 930 100 1571 1130 1340 1400 1520
M(kg) 44 60 85 110 160 180 226 320 440 590 820 1090 1560 2100
C L 380 420 480 500 560 600 640 720 782 860 1040 1080 1220 1360
M(kg) 35 48 66 90 130 160 189 270 355 510 780 970 1330 1865
D L 520 580 620 690 760 810 860 970 1030 1120 1230 1360 1550 1720
M(kg) 48 65 90 120 173 220 250 355 485 665 920 1240 1765 2390
E L 800 850 940 1050 1120 1180 1320 1440 1550 1710 1880 2050 2310 2540
LV 100 100 120 140 140 140 140 140 150 170 190 190 240 250
M(kg) 70 92 126 165 238 280 340 472 660 886 1230 1625 2368 3135
  Tn(kN·m) 16 22.4 31.5 40 63 80 90 125 180 250 355 500 710 1000
  TF(kN·m) 8 11.2 16 20 31.5 40 45 63 90 125 180 250 355 500
  Β(°) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
  D 160 180 200 225 250 265 285 315 350 390 440 490 550 620
  Df 160 180 200 225 250 265 285 315 350 3690 440 490 550 620
  D1 137 155 170 196 218 233 245 280 310 345 390 435 492 555
  D2(H9) 100 105 120 135 150 160 170 185 210 235 255 275 320 380
  D3 108 114 140 159 168 180 194 219 245 273 299 325 402 426
  Lm 95 105 110 125 140 150 160 180 195 215 260 270 305 340
  K 16 17 18 20 25 25 27 32 35 40 42 47 50 55
  T 4 5 5 5 6 6 7 8 8 8 10 12 12 12
  N 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 16 16 16 16
  D 15 17 17 17 19 19 21 23 23 25 28 31 31 38
  B 20 24 32 32 40 40 40 40 50 70 80 90 100 100
  G 6.0 7.0 9.0 9.0 12.5 12.5 12.5 15.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 22.5 22.5 25
  MI(Kg) 2.57 3 3.85 3.85 5.17 6 6.75 8.25 10.6 13 18.50 23.75 29.12 38.08
  Size M14 M16 M16 M16 M18 M18 M20 M22 M22 M24 M27 M30 M30 M36
  Tightening torque(Nm) 180 270 270 270 372 372 526 710 710 906 1340 1820 1820 3170

1. Notations: 
L=Standard length, or compressed length for designs with length compensation; 
LV=Length compensation; 
M=Weight; 
Tn=Nominal torque(Yield torque 50% over Tn); 
TF=Fatigue torque, I. E. Permissible torque as determined according to the fatigue strength
Under reversing loads; 
β=Maximum deflection angle; 
MI=weight per 100mm tube
2. Millimeters are used as measurement units except where noted; 
3. Please consult us for customizations regarding length, length compensation and
Flange connections. 
(DIN or SAT etc. )

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

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Product Description

Machined Parts By CNC Machining With Aluminum for Detector Spare Machinery Components

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Aluminum can be used for CNC machining and milling in shorter time periods, so for most enterprises, this is a more economical and reasonable option. When the material is exposed to the atmosphere, a protective layer forms on the surface, so the aluminum part provides corrosion resistance in addition to greater strength. Furthermore, the likelihood of seeing rust will also fall. Among other things, machined aluminum components will be malleable, strong, chemical-resistant, and a conductor of electricity which has its obvious benefits.

ByTune can produce different color of surface finish according customer demand, such as natural silver and many color anodized films. We have machined aluminum parts for different industry.

Surface Finish Available

Color Anodized Polishing Zinc Plating
Clear Anodized Passivating Oxide Black
Sandblast Anodized Sandblasting Nickel Plating
Chemical Film Laser Engraving Chrome Plating
Polishing Electropolishing Hot Treatment
Brushing Spraying Powder Coated
Chroming Silk screen LOGO Carburized

Aluminum 6061:
(1)Features:Improved corrosion resistance over 7075,General purpose aluminum with Medium strength,Good formability, weldability,Containes magnesium and silicon.

(2)Applications:Electronic hardware, prototypes, aircraft fittings, camera lens mounts, couplings, marines fittings and hardware,etc

Aluminum 7075
(1)Features:Higher strength over Aluminum 6061,Good fatigue strength,Better corrosion resistance than the aluminum 2000 alloys.

(2)Applications:Gears and shafts, fuse parts, meter shafts and gears, regulating valve parts, worm gears, keys,aircraft wings, and fuselages, bicycle components,etc.

Aluminum 2571:
(1)Features:High fatigue resistance, high strength, and susceptibility to thermal shocks.

(2)Applications:Widely used in aerospace and military applications,etc.

Aluminum 5052:
(1)Features:Good resistance to marine, saltwater, and industrial environments.The alloy can be easily punched, bent, and sheared into desired shapes.

(2)Applications:Used for building machine parts, and components to be used in salt water environments,etc.

Aluminum 6063:
(1)Features:Excellent mechanical properties,easy weldability, heat treatability, complex shapes with smooth surfaces,and durability.

(2)Applications:Commonly used in applications such as door frames, window frames, sign frames, roofs, etc.

The following are some popular CNC machined aluminum parts:
1.Spline Shafts
2. Worm Gears
3. Dials and Scales
4.EMI- proof Housings
5.Front Panels
6.Dowel Pins
7.Optical Reflectors
8.Medical Devices
9.Lighting Fixtures

Part Size (CNC Milling and CNC Turning)
•CNC Milling Parts (Max) : Length 1030mm,Width 800mm, Height 750mm.
•CNC Turning Parts (Max): Diamter 680mm,Length 750mm.The size of the above parts are machined in the workshop.
•100% Quality inspection before shipment

Delivery, shipping and payment
Our delivery is fast and 3 days to have samples of CNC machining parts ready. The raw material purchase of the CNC machining Parts is completed in 1 day.
1)Within 24 hours quotation;
2)3 days for samples preparation;
3)2 weeks for batch regular order;
4)Reliable package
5)Samples payment by PayPal or western union;
6)TT for regular PO;

Welcome to Visited Our Website: btslipring
ByTune is a professional manufacturer of CNC machining parts who has 20 years industry experience.If you are founding a reliable cooperator of CNC machinery parts,please do’t hesitate consult us 

Types of Splines

There are 4 types of splines: Involute, Parallel key, helical, and ball. Learn about their characteristics. And, if you’re not sure what they are, you can always request a quotation. These splines are commonly used for building special machinery, repair jobs, and other applications. The CZPT Manufacturing Company manufactures these shafts. It is a specialty manufacturer and we welcome your business.
splineshaft

Involute splines

The involute spline provides a more rigid and durable structure, and is available in a variety of diameters and spline counts. Generally, steel, carbon steel, or titanium are used as raw materials. Other materials, such as carbon fiber, may be suitable. However, titanium can be difficult to produce, so some manufacturers make splines using other constituents.
When splines are used in shafts, they prevent parts from separating during operation. These features make them an ideal choice for securing mechanical assemblies. Splines with inward-curving grooves do not have sharp corners and are therefore less likely to break or separate while they are in operation. These properties help them to withstand high-speed operations, such as braking, accelerating, and reversing.
A male spline is fitted with an externally-oriented face, and a female spline is inserted through the center. The teeth of the male spline typically have chamfered tips to provide clearance with the transition area. The radii and width of the teeth of a male spline are typically larger than those of a female spline. These specifications are specified in ANSI or DIN design manuals.
The effective tooth thickness of a spline depends on the involute profile error and the lead error. Also, the spacing of the spline teeth and keyways can affect the effective tooth thickness. Involute splines in a splined shaft are designed so that at least 25 percent of the spline teeth engage during coupling, which results in a uniform distribution of load and wear on the spline.

Parallel key splines

A parallel splined shaft has a helix of equal-sized grooves around its circumference. These grooves are generally parallel or involute. Splines minimize stress concentrations in stationary joints and allow linear and rotary motion. Splines may be cut or cold-rolled. Cold-rolled splines have more strength than cut spines and are often used in applications that require high strength, accuracy, and a smooth surface.
A parallel key splined shaft features grooves and keys that are parallel to the axis of the shaft. This design is best suited for applications where load bearing is a primary concern and a smooth motion is needed. A parallel key splined shaft can be made from alloy steels, which are iron-based alloys that may also contain chromium, nickel, molybdenum, copper, or other alloying materials.
A splined shaft can be used to transmit torque and provide anti-rotation when operating as a linear guide. These shafts have square profiles that match up with grooves in a mating piece and transmit torque and rotation. They can also be easily changed in length, and are commonly used in aerospace. Its reliability and fatigue life make it an excellent choice for many applications.
The main difference between a parallel key splined shaft and a keyed shaft is that the former offers more flexibility. They lack slots, which reduce torque-transmitting capacity. Splines offer equal load distribution along the gear teeth, which translates into a longer fatigue life for the shaft. In agricultural applications, shaft life is essential. Agricultural equipment, for example, requires the ability to function at high speeds for extended periods of time.
splineshaft

Involute helical splines

Involute splines are a common design for splined shafts. They are the most commonly used type of splined shaft and feature equal spacing among their teeth. The teeth of this design are also shorter than those of the parallel spline shaft, reducing stress concentration. These splines can be used to transmit power to floating or permanently fixed gears, and reduce stress concentrations in the stationary joint. Involute splines are the most common type of splined shaft, and are widely used for a variety of applications in automotive, machine tools, and more.
Involute helical spline shafts are ideal for applications involving axial motion and rotation. They allow for face coupling engagement and disengagement. This design also allows for a larger diameter than a parallel spline shaft. The result is a highly efficient gearbox. Besides being durable, splines can also be used for other applications involving torque and energy transfer.
A new statistical model can be used to determine the number of teeth that engage for a given load. These splines are characterized by a tight fit at the major diameters, thereby transferring concentricity from the shaft to the female spline. A male spline has chamfered tips for clearance with the transition area. ANSI and DIN design manuals specify the different classes of fit.
The design of involute helical splines is similar to that of gears, and their ridges or teeth are matched with the corresponding grooves in a mating piece. It enables torque and rotation to be transferred to a mate piece while maintaining alignment of the 2 components. Different types of splines are used in different applications. Different splines can have different levels of tooth height.

Involute ball splines

When splines are used, they allow the shaft and hub to engage evenly over the shaft’s entire circumference. Because the teeth are evenly spaced, the load that they can transfer is uniform and their position is always the same regardless of shaft length. Whether the shaft is used to transmit torque or to transmit power, splines are a great choice. They provide maximum strength and allow for linear or rotary motion.
There are 3 basic types of splines: helical, crown, and ball. Crown splines feature equally spaced grooves. Crown splines feature involute sides and parallel sides. Helical splines use involute teeth and are often used in small diameter shafts. Ball splines contain a ball bearing inside the splined shaft to facilitate rotary motion and minimize stress concentration in stationary joints.
The 2 types of splines are classified under the ANSI classes of fit. Fillet root splines have teeth that mesh along the longitudinal axis of rotation. Flat root splines have similar teeth, but are intended to optimize strength for short-term use. Both types of splines are important for ensuring the shaft aligns properly and is not misaligned.
The friction coefficient of the hub is a complex process. When the hub is off-center, the center moves in predictable but irregular motion. Moreover, when the shaft is centered, the center may oscillate between being centered and being off-center. To compensate for this, the torque must be adequate to keep the shaft in its axis during all rotation angles. While straight-sided splines provide similar centering, they have lower misalignment load factors.
splineshaft

Keyed shafts

Essentially, splined shafts have teeth or ridges that fit together to transfer torque. Because splines are not as tall as involute gears, they offer uniform torque transfer. Additionally, they provide the opportunity for torque and rotational changes and improve wear resistance. In addition to their durability, splined shafts are popular in the aerospace industry and provide increased reliability and fatigue life.
Keyed shafts are available in different materials, lengths, and diameters. When used in high-power drive applications, they offer higher torque and rotational speeds. The higher torque they produce helps them deliver power to the gearbox. However, they are not as durable as splined shafts, which is why the latter is usually preferred in these applications. And while they’re more expensive, they’re equally effective when it comes to torque delivery.
Parallel keyed shafts have separate profiles and ridges and are used in applications requiring accuracy and precision. Keyed shafts with rolled splines are 35% stronger than cut splines and are used where precision is essential. These splines also have a smooth finish, which can make them a good choice for precision applications. They also work well with gears and other mechanical systems that require accurate torque transfer.
Carbon steel is another material used for splined shafts. Carbon steel is known for its malleability, and its shallow carbon content helps create reliable motion. However, if you’re looking for something more durable, consider ferrous steel. This type contains metals such as nickel, chromium, and molybdenum. And it’s important to remember that carbon steel is not the only material to consider.

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